Comparing Mitosis and Meiosis Worksheet

form of asexual reproduction to produce identical cells
Importance of process in the life cycle of an organism or cell: mitosis
form of sexual reproduction that halves the gametes’ chromosomes
Importance of process in the life cycle of an organism or cell: meiosis
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asexual
Type of reproduction: mitosis
sexual
Type of reproduction: meiosis
somatic
Types of cells that undergo process (areas of the body): mitosis
germ cells
Types of cells that undergo process (areas of the body): meiosis
body
Types of cells produced by the process: mitosis
gametes
Types of cells produced by the process: meiosis
independent assortment
Behavior of homologous chromosomes during prophase: mitosis
synapsis
Behavior of homologous chromosomes during prophase: meiosis
line up singly
Behavior of homologous chromosomes during metaphase: mitosis
line up in pairs
Behavior of homologous chromosomes during metaphase: meiosis
1
Number of nuclear divisions: mitosis
2
Number of nuclear divisions: meiosis
once in interphase
Replication of DNA: mitosis
once in interphase
Replication of DNA meiosis:
splits once
Cytokinesis: mitosis
splits twice
Cytokinesis: meiosis
2
Number of daughter cells produced at the end of the process: mitosis
4
Number of daughter cells produced at the end of the process: meiosis
same
Mother cell’s genetic makeup compared to daughter cells’ genetic makeup: mitosis
different
Mother cell’s genetic makeup compared to daughter cells’ genetic makeup: meiosis
cell division to produce new cells
metaphase II, anaphase II, and cytokinesis are the same
Describe 2 parts of meiosis that are similar to mitosis
both
Mitosis, meiosis, or both: sister chromatids separate
meiosis
Mitosis, meiosis, or both: haploid cells are formed
mitosis
Mitosis, meiosis, or both: cell division occurs once
meiosis
Mitosis, meiosis, or both: homologous chromosomes pair
meiosis
Mitosis, meiosis, or both: 4 haploid cells are the final result
meiosis
Mitosis, meiosis, or both: crossing over occurs
meiosis
Mitosis, meiosis, or both: cell division occurs twice
both
Mitosis, meiosis, or both: replicated chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
mitosis
Mitosis, meiosis, or both: 2 diploid cells are the result
prophase I of meiosis
What phase does crossing over occur?
diploid, diploid
Does the parent cell in Mitosis start off as diploid or haploid? Does the daughter cell end up as diploid or haploid?
diploid, haploid
Does the parent cell in Meiosis start off as diploid or haploid? Does the daughter cell end up as diploid or haploid?
it’s half the amount of chromosomes as the parent cell
How does the number of chromosomes in a sex cell compare with the number of chromosomes in the parent cell?
in metaphase I, they’re in homologous pairs. In metaphase, they’re just individual chromosomes
What’s the difference between chromosomes in Metaphase I of Meiosis and Metaphase of Mitosis?
bc the daughter cells are genetically identical to the parent cell
Why is mitosis referred to as a process of cell replication?
bc it produces daughter cells that have half the amount of chromosomes as the parent
Why is meiosis referred to as a process of cell reduction?
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