A computerized vote system has a cardinal computing machine. regional computing machines and voting faculties connected to a information transportation nexus for communicating with one another. The vote modules entree the cardinal computing machine database under control of the cardinal computing machine control centre. Voter information is created at one of the vote faculties and communicated to the database for storage. Input elector informations for a given elector at any one of the plurality of voting faculties during an election is compared to the stored informations for the given elector to verify that the given elector is eligible to vote. Access to the stored elector informations for the given elector during an election is restricted to forestall the given elector from voting more than one time during the election.
TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present innovation pertains by and large to a vote machine. and. more peculiarly. to a method and setup for positive designation of electors to forestall extra or deceitful vote. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Voting machines have been used for old ages to accept. record and table ballots cast during an election so that election consequences can be available in a affair of a few hours alternatively of the several hours or yearss that were one time necessary. Voting machines have eliminated some vote abnormalities. such as the job of stuffing ballot boxes. that existed with paper ballots. More modem vote machines can table ballots and have election consequences available within a few proceedingss after the polls are closed. While modern voting machines speed the vote procedure. jobs still exist. One job is guaranting that the individual vote is really the registered individual entitled to vote and non an imposter. Sometimes. voter designation is non checked at the canvassing topographic point. At other times. designation is verified by comparing a voter’s vehicle driver’s licence or passport against the registered elector list. While this procedure is helpful. a driver’s license image does non ever clearly resemble the individual. and it does non guard against a bad driver’s licence or passport.
Consequently. it will be appreciated that it would be extremely desirable to hold a signifier of designation that is more unequivocal than a driver’s licence or passport exposure. Another job is guaranting that a elector votes merely one time. Sometimes. a voter’s name is checked against the registered elector list at the individual polling topographic point where the elector is entitled to vote. While helpful. it does non extinguish the job because a person’s name may neglect to look on the voter’s list for a figure of grounds.
When a name fails to look. a voting functionary calls to find whether a individual is entitled to vote. When a individual changes references ensuing in a alteration of polling topographic points and his name is omitted from the list at the new polling topographic point. a call is made and the individual allowed to vote at the new topographic point. Sometimes. when the name is absent from the list at the new vote topographic point. it is still on the list at the old vote topographic point which makes it possible for a individual to vote twice. In some topographic points. a elector may vote at any one of several canvassing topographic points thereby making the potency for a elector to project multiple ballots. Consequently. it will be appreciated that it would be extremely desirable to hold a maestro elector list to which single elector lists at polling sites are linked to forestall duplicate vote. Summary OF THE INVENTION
The present innovation is directed to get the better ofing one or more of the jobs set away above. Briefly summarized. harmonizing to one facet of the innovation. a computerized vote system comprises a cardinal computing machine holding a control centre and a database. a information transportation nexus connected to the cardinal computing machine. a plurality of voting faculties connected to the cardinal computing machine via the informations transportation nexus and accessing the database under control of the control centre. means for making elector informations at one of the plurality of voting faculties and pass oning the elector informations to the database for storage. means for inputting elector informations for a given elector at any one of the plurality of voting faculties during an election for comparing the input informations for the given elector to the stored elector informations in the database and verifying the given elector is eligible to vote. and means for curtailing entree to the stored elector informations in the database for the given elector during an election to forestall the given elector from voting more than one time during the election.
The elector designation informations may include one or more positive identifiers such as finger prints. digital images or signatures which may look on elector designation cards. When looking at the vote site. informations from a voter’s designation card is input along with a unrecorded finger print or unrecorded signature to find whether the elector is registered to vote and registered to vote at that site. A elector registered to vote at that site may so come in a vote booth where a unrecorded finger print is once more input before doing candidate choices. When the ballot is cast. the elector is locked out of the databases to forestall projecting more than one ballot. Regional databases are used in big systems to rush verifying elector informations and outputting consequences. These and other facets. objects. characteristics and advantages of the present innovation will be more clearly understood and appreciated from a reappraisal of the following elaborate description of the preferable incarnations and appended claims. and by mention to the attach toing drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is block diagram of a preferable incarnation of computerized vote system exemplifying a cardinal computing machine with a database. regional computing machine with a database. and voting faculties connected via a communications link to one another harmonizing to the present innovation. FIG. 2 is a block diagram exemplifying the electronic gaining control of designation informations and production of ID cards. FIG. 3 is a block diagram of one of the vote faculties of FIG. 1 exemplifying placing a elector and entering voter’s picks. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
Mentioning to FIG. 1. a computerized vote system has a cardinal computing machine 10 that contains a cardinal database 12. a control centre 14 and an end product centre 16. Cardinal database 12 is capable of hive awaying assorted information on the voting population by name. reference. finger print. image. signature. and other demographic information. Database 12 besides shops information on campaigners. political parties or other vote picks for which the system is used. Control centre 14 controls the influx of informations to the database 12 and escape of informations from the database 12. The end product centre 16 prints or otherwise end products voting consequences and can publish elector and campaigner information as desired. A regional computing machine 18. similar to the chief computing machine 10 but with less capacity. has a database 20. a control centre 22 and an end product centre 24 for rendering vote consequences. The regional computing machine 18 is connected to the cardinal computing machine 10 by a secure. bi-directional communications link 26 that transportations informations between the cardinal and regional computing machines and other devices connected to it.
Another regional computing machine 28 besides has a database 30. a control centre 32 and an end product centre 34 and is connected to cardinal computing machine 10 via communications link 26. Although two regional computing machines are shown to exemplify the innovation. the exact figure may change from nothing. where there is a little vote system handled wholly by the cardinal computing machine. to several. for a larger vote system for a larger population. denser population. or widely scattered population. A plurality of voting faculties 36. 38. 40 are connected to the cardinal computing machine 10 via communications link 26 for accessing the database 20 of regional computing machine 18 under control of its control centre 22 and besides to entree cardinal database 12 of the cardinal computing machine 10 under control of its control centre 14. Voting faculties 36. 38. 40 signifier a group of voting faculties that is associated with regional computing machine 18. The association allows the vote modules 36. 38. 40 to entree informations in the database 20 of regional computing machine 18. This information is sooner a extra or subset of the informations stored in the cardinal database 12 pertaining to the electors in the country covered by regional computing machine 18 and voting faculties 36. 38. 40.
For its country. the regional computing machine and its associated vote faculties form a complete vote system. Similarly. voting faculties 42. 44. 46 signifier a group of voting faculties that is associated with regional computing machine 28. The figure of voting faculties in a group and the figure of groups will change harmonizing to the size of the vote system which is determined by the figure of electors and their geographical locations. With the group agreement. it is possible for a elector to vote at any faculty in a group of faculties leting electors to vote at locations where they feel more comfy and unafraid. or at locations that are more easy accessed or less busy. A elector in the group incorporating vote faculty 36 can non vote in the group incorporating vote faculty 42 without accessing the cardinal computing machine 10 to allow the dealing. Data from regional database 20 of regional computing machine 18 can be transferred to or accessed by the database 30 of regional computing machine 28 merely by mandate and cooperation of the chief computing machine 10. Group to group informations transportation is controlled by the cardinal computing machine. The computerized vote system can be used for nationwide elections.
For illustration. in a state. the cardinal computing machine could be located in the capitol metropolis with regional computing machines and associated vote faculties located in metropoliss throughout the state and in rural countries as good. In a metropolis where population is more concentrated. a regional computing machine will hold several vote faculties associated with it and there may be more than one regional computing machine for the metropolis. Voters can vote at any voting faculty in a group and thereby take either the most accessible vote faculty. the faculty with the shortest waiting line. or the faculty supplying the most comfort. acquaintance and security. Mentioning now to FIG. 2. the computerized electronic gaining control of the designation informations and the production of the ID card system. as a portion of the vote system. characteristics positive elector designation by trusting on finger print informations. digital image informations. signature informations and demographic informations. Data is input to a computing machine 48 which may be the cardinal computing machine. one of the regional computing machines or a computing machine at one of the vote faculties.
The computing machine receives input in assorted ways from assorted beginnings. A keyboard 50 is used to capture demographic information and input it to the computing machine 48. A digital camera 52 captures a digital image of the elector and inputs the information into computing machine 48. A finger print scanner 54 and a signature scanner 56 scan information into the computing machine. The keyboard 50. digital camera 52. finger print scanner 54 and signature scanner 56 gaining control informations electronically for input to the computing machine. Data may besides be manually captured at manually captured informations station 58 and input into the computing machine utilizing a scanner 60. Manually capturing elector informations includes utilizing a signifier on which demographic information is printed in specified topographic points. The signifier contains a infinite to attach a exposure from a regular camera. The signifier besides contains infinites for finger prints and signatures. The signifier and exposure can be given an designation figure and the completed signifier sent for the electronic gaining control of the informations by the scanner 60.
Once informations is input to computing machine 48. a elector list can be assembled and end product by pressman 62 and an designation card can be produced in an designation production unit 64. FIG. 3 illustrates the vote faculty and the procedure of vote. When it is clip to vote. a elector goes to a vote faculty that contains an designation subdivision and a vote machine subdivision. The designation subdivision includes and designation card reader 66 that reads the information on the designation card and a temperature sensitive finger print scanner that scans a unrecorded finger print. This information is input to a computing machine 70 at the site. which may or may non hold elector informations stored in its database. If informations is in the database of the computing machine 70 at the vote faculty. so the input finger print and designation card information is compared with the database to find whether the elector identified by the finger print and designation card is a registered elector entitled to vote in the election. If the information is non in the database of computing machine 70. so the regional computing machine for that group is accessed and checked to verify whether the elector is registered and entitled to vote. If the information is non available from the regional computing machine for the vote faculty group. it means the elector is non eligible to vote in the vote faculties for that group. but may be eligible to vote elsewhere.
If the elector has someway come to the incorrect group. the computing machine can entree the cardinal computing machine to look into its database to find where the elector is eligible to vote and direct the elector to that location. When given permission by computing machine 70. the elector enters one of several voting machines at the vote faculty. Another unrecorded finger print scanner 74 at the vote faculty scans the voter’s finger print and cheques it against the database in computing machine 70. At this clip. the elector is in the privateness of the vote booth. and. when the finger print is verified. the computing machine 70 communicates with the cardinal computing machine 72 to forestall farther entree to that voter’s informations. The elector so makes his choices at the campaigner choice subdivision 76 of the vote booth which can be button. levers or other agencies of choosing campaigners. Once the campaigner choices are made. the choices are sent to the site computing machine 70 and the cardinal every bit good as regional computing machines so that entree for that elector is prohibited to thereby forestall the elector from voting more than one time. Should the elector alteration his head after his finger print is scanned by scanner prior to doing candidate choices. the cardinal computing machine will be alerted leting the elector to finish the vote procedure.
Candidate choices are made by doing all choices and runing a button. lever or exchange after all choices are made. Preferably. after the button. lever or switch is operated. the vote machines will question the elector to do certain all choices have been made before the ballot is recorded. Voting consequences are tabulated and can be printed by local pressman every bit good as by the end product centres of the regional computing machines and cardinal computing machine. It can now be appreciated that a computerized vote system has been presented that facilitates both the numbering and vote procedures. Enumeration is the procedure of informations garnering to bring forth a clean and dependable elector list. A possible elector is electronically identified by reading his unrecorded finger print and matching that finger print against all other finger prints stored in the database for enrollment intents. Additional electronic designation can be accomplished by comparing name. reference. and image of the elector. The finger print and extra information is used to place bona fide electors and to place duplicate enrollments in order to bring forth a clean database and electors list to be later used for designation intents and for vote.
Merely authorised forces are permitted entry to trip the database plans to run the vote system for informations storage. informations alterations. informations use and file shutting. For security. unrecorded fingerprint designation is used as a watchword for entree. The system plans guarantee that the computing machine records all minutess and identifies by finger print all individuals who activate the system and procedure informations. every bit good as the day of the month and clip of each dealing. The concluding approved database of electors is firmly stored on the computing machine difficult thrust and/or an optical disc utilizing authorised finger prints. To verify electors to allow vote. individuals listed in the database at the clip of voting have their unrecorded finger prints electronically checked against that stored in the database. Once a individual is positively identified as being portion of the database. the vote faculty enables that individual. and that individual entirely. to entree the vote system utilizing his finger print. The elector so selects the campaigner or political party of pick. ballots for that pick. and gets a reception admiting that the ballot has been recorded.
The vote information is recorded at the vote station and transmitted at the same time for storage at the associated regional computing machine and the cardinal computing machine. At this clip. the voter’s database becomes unaccessible throughout the vote system to forestall duplicate vote. At the terminal of vote. the system can supply the count of ballots for each campaigner. the entire ballots cast. and the names of all individuals who voted. with appropriate printouts at each voting station. The cardinal database can hive away designation information on all electors by name. reference. finger print. image and the similar and can enter on all activities submitted by the regional computing machines and voting faculties. The cardinal computing machine has the ability to trip. entree. terminate. and supervise the operation of all regional computing machine and vote faculties for the gap and shutting of the polls ; have. procedure and shop for concluding count the single ballots received from voting faculties ; and supply vote consequences with appropriate printouts for each constituency.
The vote faculties compare designation information by fiting the unrecorded finger print of the elector with that stored in the database to allow vote. After positively placing the elector by fiting his unrecorded finger print. they provide entree to different ballot picks to choose campaigner. party. constituency and division. They record the bona fide voter’s voting pick and reject any effort at fake vote ; publish a reception admiting voter’s name and the fact that the ballot has been recorded ; direct to the cardinal computing machine and/or regional computing machine information about the single voter’s actions ; and supply. at the terminal of vote. the count of ballots for each campaigner and entire ballots polled at that faculty with an appropriate printout. The present innovation therefore facilitates the enrollment and designation of a bona fide elector. creates a clean voter’s list by cross fiting the finger prints. prevents unregistered individuals from voting. and prevents duplicate vote. The jobs of stuffing of ballot boxes and fiddling with the ballot count are avoided because electors are positively identified and prevented from voting more than one time and the vote consequences are computing machine tabulated.
The system rejects any effort to vote by a individual whose finger print is non in the database or who has already voted in the election. It allows individuals to take one of several vote Stationss where they can experience free from bullying or menace by supplying a pick to vote at more than one station. The system is capable of publishing a list of the names of the individuals who voted and a run of the concluding consequences of voting. While the innovation has been described with peculiar mention to the preferable incarnation. it will be understood by those skilled in the art that assorted alterations may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements of the preferable incarnation without going from the innovation. For illustration. while finger print designation is believed to be really extremely dependable. the system is adaptable to manus prints. thermic forms. Deoxyribonucleic acid and other signifiers of designation as good.
In add-on. many alterations may be made to accommodate a peculiar state of affairs and stuff to a instruction of the innovation without going from the indispensable instructions of the present innovation. As is apparent from the predating description. certain facets of the innovation are non limited to the peculiar inside informations of the illustrations illustrated. and it is hence contemplated that other alterations and applications will happen to those skilled in the art. For illustration. the computerized vote system is adaptable to other utilizations. such as a security system for military installings. schools. infirmaries or the similar. or as an stock list control system for aircraft parts. or controlled substances and parts. for illustration. It is consequently intended that the claims shall cover all such alterations and applications as do non go from the true spirit and range of the innovation.
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Peralto. Ryan G. ( 40 Paddington Terrace. Kingston. JM )
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