Concepts Of Leadership And Management Commerce Essay

Leadership is influence – nil more, nil less. This how the celebrated author James Maxwel defined Leadership. He said that it moves beyond specifying the place of the leader, how the leader will act upon others by his ability- both those who would see themselves followings, and those outside that circle. Leadership has been defined as the procedure of act uponing the behavior and attitudes of others. Early premises about leaders being born or possessing peculiar qualities have non been borne out by research.

It is truly difficult to specify leading. It has become and continuously debased by how people overuse it. If you ‘re traveling to shop the cyberspace, most definitions will state you the features of the leader non on what they are making. Leaderships need followings and frailty versa. There should be a symbiotic relationship between the two of them. If the subsidiaries do n’t hold the willingness to follow what the leader has imposed, you can non be see a good leader despite the rubric and features you have. Leadership is non a one-minute direction because it requires skill. None of us is born to take, we need humility and open-minded acquisition in order to use our accomplishments in confronting a challenging and hard fortunes.

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ABS-CBN Film Productions, Inc. popularly known as Star Cinema, is the biggest movie outfit in the Philippines bring forthing most of the highest grossing Filipino Films, it is owned by ABS-CBN Corporation which is considered as the state ‘s largest web. In add-on to that, the Star Cinema is besides engaged into Television Programing for ABS-CBN. Our company ‘s aim is to present to the Filipino moviegoer quality movie amusement while beef uping market leading, profitableness and internal administration. In our workplace, we can simply and exactly say that we ever observe leading non in the sense that all of us will move as a leader but chiefly on how we do our occupation in a mode that we can enforce chumminesss in our squad. To be a good leader, we need to give all our clip and energy, we need to see and understand what the job is all approximately. We need to take into consideration the possible consequences of your action, supervising the short and long term effects that could likely assist or set danger to the administration where you belong. A good and effectual leading is non merely about holding a place and stating our subsidiaries what to make but largely on how we are traveling to animate and develop a great squad that will believe on the administration ‘s set of aims.


When you hear the word influential individual, who comes into your head foremost? US President Barrack Obama? Queen Elizabeth? Mahatma Gandhi? Saddam Hussein? Yeah, you ‘re right. They leave an of import grade and part in the universe based on their field of plants. The above exposure shows the Time Magazine Most Influential Peoples in the World as of 2012. In an article written by Rick Stengel ( April, 2012 ) entitled A World of Possibilities, he said that the nature of influence alterations. It can be gleaned from the thoughts during the medieval old ages up to now that we have the charming power of societal media like facebook, chirrup and the similar. To summed it up, in a simpler manner, we can specify leading as ( 1 ) taking people ( 2 ) act uponing people ( 3 ) commanding people and ( 4 ) steering people.

There are different sorts of leaders:

1. Leader by the place achieved. ( for illustration those who have been elected in a governmental place like US President Barrack Obama )

2. Leader by personality and personal appeal ( personal power )

3. Leader by moral illustration ( e.g. Mother Teresa )

4. Leader by power held

5. Intellectual leader ( e.g Steve Jobs )

6. Leader because of the ability to carry through things.


1. Traits Theory. Assumes that persons have built-in personal features that enable them to be leaders. There are three premises that can be gleaned in the traits theory: ( 1 ) effectual leading relies on personal traits, ( 2 ) traits are stable and movable across state of affairss and in conclusion ( 3 ) traits are identifiable and mensurable.

To be a portion of the movie production company is non an easy occupation. We should hold a broader and wider understanding where an administration is at today and supervise the way in which an administration has to alter o survive and flourish. Leaderships tend to be good at transporting through the procedure of alteration because they have the clearer position of the start and terminal point. He has the ability to see through the inside informations and little reverses which are a portion of any alteration. They are first-class at actuating the people in the workplace and give them the chance to execute at their best. Basically, they are good in actuating others to alter non merely their entirety as a being but besides as portion of the administration.

For illustration, in our administration, what we can lend to the Film Production company is our ability to promote each member of the group to take portion in the determination doing process- persuade and at the same clip confer with them before doing a large major determination. As a leader, they all looked up to you, what they see is what they ‘re traveling to follow because evidently you are on the highest place. Aside from that, we need to develop a clearer vision of what we want to accomplish in the following twelvemonth, 10 old ages, 20 old ages so on and so forth, so we will hold an bit-by-bit thought on how to accomplish it.

2. Style Theory. Leaders display a assortment of behavioral manners that have specific effects on their followings. There are three types of manners:

Autocratic Leaders. Those who exercise strong control over subsidiaries and do all major determinations. This leading manner chiefly focuses on the set of aims and how to apportion undertakings to every member of the administration, that ‘s why the group become dependent on him or her. The consequence of this manner is that members of the group are frequently dissatisfied with the leader and this will fundamentally take to small coherence, demand for high degrees of supervising and hapless degrees of motive amongst employees.

Democratic Leaders. Those who actively involves subsidiaries in determination devising. This leading manner chiefly focuses on the set of aims and how to apportion undertakings to every member of the administration, that ‘s why the group become dependent on him or her. The consequence of this manner is that members of the group are frequently dissatisfied with the leader and this will fundamentally take to small coherence, demand for high degrees of supervising and hapless degrees of motive amongst employees.

Laissez Faire leaders abdicate leading duty. This manner encourages engagement in the determination devising procedure. It can be persuasive wherein the leader has already made a determination but takes the clip to carry others that it is a good thought. For illustration, we decided to engage or use outside staff for a certain place and carry our old production staff that this might likely ease their work loads ; the other one is advisory wherein the leaders consults others about their positions before doing a determination. For illustration, we want to put or bring forth a film for a phenomenal star ; we are non traveling to prosecute the said movie unless they ‘ve got the positions and sentiments of our members.


Basically, there are four factors or challenges of leading and direction. As a good leader, we should hold a clearer apprehension of our place and who we are. What are our capablenesss and what we are traveling to make if there is an organizational crisis? The success of the leader can non be attributed on the leader itself but on his or her followings. If the member of the administration do non swear their leader or frailty versa, they will be uninspired.

Not all persons are precisely the same. Similar to leading and direction, each of us requires a different attack in the manners of leading. Example, in our administration, there is a different intervention between the normal employee and those who undergo an on the-job preparation ( OJT ) . The regular staffs does n’t necessitate much of the supervising because they have been in administration for a long clip unlike those whose on OJT that truly needs to be supervised and learn the basicss of being a media practician. If the staff lacks motive so he or she is required to a higher grade of motive.

Communication. Communication has the greatest impact on the success of our administration, there should be an unfastened and a two manner communicating between our staff and the top direction most particularly when we are confronting a crisis state of affairs. Remember that the manner and how we communicate with our staff will construct or trip our relationship with them.

We know for a fact that state of affairss are wholly different. One state of affairs does non automatically intend that it will work in another, what is needed is to utilize inherent aptitudes and opinion for us to cognize what actions and leading manners are we traveling to take. I will give a movie production scenario, illustration ; one of our staffs forgot to inform the lead histrion that he is scheduled to hit for an of import scene in the film. Unfortunately, the histrion was out of the state due to anterior committednesss. The scene needs to be shot for Television publicities and advertizement to be aired the undermentioned twenty-four hours. As a director or leader, we need to utilize our place to speak in a nice mode, non excessively rough, non excessively weak but on the proper province of head. We need to listen to the side of the staff on why that certain things happened and look for possible solutions to get the better of the said scenario.



The goal-oriented feature that can assist a individual in accomplishing his or her end is Motivation. As a leader, we need to guarantee that our administration has the same moralss and ethical motives that we seek from our staff. We should do certain that the staffs are extremely motivated, encouraged and trained in a manner that it will run into the demands of the administration. The cardinal incentives that might act upon you to accomplish your coveted end are grasp and wagess. In our administration, we give wagess to our staff for demoing an exceeding behavior towards his or her work. We give them a item or certification of grasp wherein we mention the act in which the person is being rewarded. Aside from that, we make our employees feel that they ‘re making an of import undertaking or work which is necessary for the wellbeing and success of the administration, in this illustration, the Two-factor Theory by Herzberg will now originate. To farther understand this theory, allow ‘s set it this manner:


The occupation and its descriptions Salary and Wages

Recognition General working conditions and


Prospects for publicity Working relationships

Sense of accomplishment and satisfaction Incentives and benefits

Administration and company policy Personal promotion and growing

Interpersonal relationships Leadership accomplishments and traits displayed

by directors

The following theory associated to the organizational success is the Goal Theory. This is the theory formulated by Locke which is based on the premiss that persons and squad will be motivates if:

Directors set SMART or Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Time Scaled ends and nonsubjective for persons and squads and give them direct feedback on their public presentation. Basically, we are traveling to win if our ends are clear and we know precisely what do we desire achieved. We can hardly state that it has been achieved because we have thw manner in mensurating its completion.

Directors provide support, advice and counsel if the ends and aims set are perceived as hard or unattainable. The success of the administration relies on parties, the leader and subsidiaries. If we saw that something is non on path or the set of ends are unattainable, we need to do a new program, program Bs, program degree Celsiuss, program d so on and so forth.

Manager set higher ends for them to accomplish. We need to see our capacity and ability before puting up or ends. If it ‘s come-at-able, so travel for it and if non seek to make some accommodations.

In an article written by Kristine Tucker entitled What Is Management Leadership ‘s Role in Motivating Employees? she said that as a director in an administration, we must happen a manner on how are we traveling to actuate our employees in order to guarantee that you are satisfied with your occupation. We can non coerce you to be successful in what you are making but at least we can assist and actuate you by giving a just intervention, compensation and inducements. Basically, this is the major function of leading and direction for an employee like you, to be motivated and be the best that you can be. Some of the functions are as follow:

Making certain that the ends of our administration are clear to you. Misconstruing of ends may take to disappointment and finally to failure.

Assess the staffs implicit in motives and most particularly the work responsibilities..

Motivates our staff to prosecute excellence.

Be just. Make a just system of benefits, wagess, inducements and word of encouragement.

Performance Management is a procedure wherein the purpose is to better the public presentation of the staff based on measuring, assessment, action and monitoring. It is frequently used in two ways: ( 1 ) A procedure of maximizing the public presentation of an person, squad or even the administration and ( 2 ) a manner of covering with underperforming persons.

MAXIMISING Performance

1. Normally collaborative between direction and staff

2. Can be informal with written records merely entering revised marks.

3. Is a cyclical procedure, one of changeless betterment?

4. Often involves analysis of the procedure


1. Involves more confrontation

2. Is a formal procedure with each measure being written down

3. Is a procedure that escalates into disciplinary proceedings, perchance reasoning with expiration of employment?

4. Often involves analysis of one persons ‘ behavior or attitudes.

The public presentation of our administration can be measured or attributed in this expression, “ you ca n’t state success from failure and therefore you ca n’t claim or honor success or avoid accidentally rewarding failure. ” Performance Measures are developed to find the spread between the targeted public presentation and the public presentation itself wherein the effectivity and efficiency are extremely observed. Good public presentation must demo that the scheme is working and our employees ‘ attending must concentrate on the success so we will be able to mensurate the achievement non merely the public presentation. Performance Appraisal will now originate. It is indispensable for the effectual direction and rating of staff and the public presentation of the administration that can be a great aid in the hereafter. Appraisals are of import to supervise if the staff are extremely motivated and if the ends of the administration are being achieved. In our administration, the 360 feedback can be applied to better managerial effectivity since it will mensurate the staff behavior and competences. It will non merely come from the director but besides to the subsidiaries. In a large administration like movie production, it is good to acquire feedback from one staff to another so we can state them what to better in a specific undertaking. The intent of this is non to see your defects but to actuate you to take high and travel farther because wherever the administration is your portion of its success. Remember that we can non accomplish the ends that we want if we our afraid of failures. That ‘s life, after the failure, success will follow. We can non acquire the consequence in merely a snap our fingers, we merely have to be patient and do the best that we can be so will acquire rewarded from it.



Groups or Teams can be defined as any figure of people who interact with each other and sensed themselves as portion of the group, interacting with different sorts of people in all walks of life towards the accomplishment of the administration ‘s end and its success.

We know for a fact that bulk of the administration ‘s concern activities today are being run by groups or normally known as squads. In any administration, it will be a great aid to administer big undertakings into constituent parts wherein there is a sharing of different experiences and indispensable cognition in the field where you belong. George and Jones ( 2002 ) in their book entitled Understanding and Managing Organisational Behaviour said that societal scientific discipline concentrating on the nature of groups including those that govern the formation and development has a greater impact with the relationship of an single towards the group or squads.

Basically, groups or squads can be divided into two types. It can be:

FORMAL which chiefly focuses on puting up the virtuousness of the administration ‘s construction, the intent of this is to organize and finally finish the cardinal undertaking. In our administration, the determination will non merely come from the top direction but most particularly to our staff or subsidiaries. We can non make up one’s mind on a certain things without sing the sentiments and positions of our member. It should be a bipartisan communicating for the administration to thrive.

INFORMAL which chiefly focuses on the fulfillment of the administration ‘s members societal demands. In our administration, to be able to win, we should n’t merely work for us to be paid but to be able to better and set the organisaton on top in order for us to run into our societal demands. The success of the administration is non for its name entirely bust most particularly to the staff who are apart of it.


Each one of us is dependent with our co-workers to work as one and do a part to our administration. We ca n’t work entirely ; we need to seek some aid to our fellow employees to carry through a certain undertaking, expeditiously and efficaciously. It is better to work as a group or squad instead than to work entirely, as what the expression goes, one for all, for one. We can lend great inputs if we will portion it with other members of the administration. We might hold different positions towards the accomplishment of our ends but at the terminal of the twenty-four hours we will be able to sum it up and organize it as one. Every group or squad should hold a squad leader who will move as the top individual, we should hold the ability to adhere the squad together and convey out the best with our squad member. We should be able to give inspiration to our subsidiaries and be a function theoretical account to them.

An effectual squad leader is one who:

Sets administration ‘s end and aim.

Practice nonpartisanship. We should handle the members of the squad equal and just because if non it will take to struggles and negativeness.

Constantly motivates team members. Never of all time make merriment of their errors but alternatively seek to rectify them in a nice mode.

Promote each member to advance chumminess. In instance of a group struggle or miscommunication, do n’t you of all time add fuel to the fire instead do a manner on how to decide in instantly. Remember, there are two sides of the narrative, seek to listen on both sides before doing an action.

Act as wise man to the squad members. You need to stand by your squad, ever. Give recognition to whom the recognition is due.

Has the capacity of conveying the members closer. Try to interrupt the ice among the staff. They need to acquire out from their comfort zone.

Monitor the staff ‘s public presentation on a regular basis.


EFFECTIVE TEAM LEADERSHIP. The success of our administration will depend on our ability to construct a stable squad. Teams ‘ effectivity can be attributed on how we perform our undertaking as a member. If we ‘re making the things that the top direction asked every one of us to make, so we can state that we to the full understand our function and duties in the administration. If the members of the squad or group will come together to execute on a common end with a common aim, hence a squad or group is formed. We must complement each other and work every bit one to present and give the best in us.

CONFLICT. Conflicts are everyplace and it is decidedly inevitable but we have the capacity and ability on how to get the better of it. The job with most of us, we tend to be over-optimistic wherein we perceived things and act as if we can make it without looking on the effects of our actions and because of that we tend to neglect. Conflict is non a bad thing, sometimes it serves as a motivation factor to make certain things on path.

We ca n’t deny the fact that we will be able to confront different struggles in squad leading. Competition between the members is one of the illustrations. There may be a clang in the personality of one staff to another and because of that the dislocation in communicating will now originate. This sort of struggle in squads can be surpassed or managed by ( 1 ) garnering the facts and placing why the job arise ( 2 ) both parties should be unfastened about the struggle ( 3 ) promoting those who are involved to speak about the struggle and in conclusion ( 4 ) utilizing mediation from the 3rd party.

COMMUNICATION. Communication plays a critical function in organizational success. Though barriers may originate anytime, we should bear in our heads that unfastened communicating is needed to get the better of it. The quality of the work depends upon the quality of information that we shared. Our ability to understand and pass on equal information enables us to work together collaboratively.


To wrap it all up, leading and direction are really much related to each other. If there ‘s no leading we ‘ll be holding hapless direction in our administration and frailty versa. Learning must be a uninterrupted procedure, it should n’t halt. In a movie production company, we still provide preparations and workshops for our staff to to the full fit them with practical applications in the field. We need to bear in our heads that squad work is the chief key to the success of the administration. As what the expression goes, THERE ‘S NO I IN TEAM WORK. We should work non merely for our ain benefit but most particularly for the success of the company where we belong. Remember that the image of the administration is the contemplation of how we do our occupation.


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