Country research Essay


Poland is a aboriginal state that was visualized neared center of the tenth century. Throughout the attendant century, the escalation of the aristocracy and interior upsets damaged the state. In an understanding among 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria divided Poland amongst themselves. Poland is similar in size to Italy or Germany and with a population of approximately 39 million. Poland ranks along with the most outstanding and high ranking states in half part of Europe. Poland is an established democracy with a genuinely interesting history, great cultural heritage and several countries of fantastic natural beauty. With its transmutation to a democratic, market-oriented state, it becomes an progressively more energetic member of Euro-Atlantic organisations (, 2003-2010 ) .

Poland Culture

ThePolandculture is really strongly connected with its complicated 1000 old ages history. With get downing in the civilization of the Proto-Slavs, finally Polish civilization has been highly influenced by its close relationship with the Germanic, Latinate and Byzantine universes every bit good as with other tribal groups and minorities in Poland. The Poland people have systematically been seen as friendly to the creative persons from all over universe and passionate to follow cultural and artistic tendencies which are stylish in other states. During the 19th and 20th centuries the Polish chief focal point was on cultural development, which frequently took high quality over political and economic activity. These grounds have contributed to the various nature of Polish art, with all its complex all right differentiations. (, 2006-2010 )

We will write a custom essay sample on
Country research Essay
or any similar topic only for you
Order now


In Poland‘religion ‘ by and large means Catholicism, since 90 % of the Polish people are Roman Catholics. Polish devoutness took new ways since Karol Wojtyla was elected. Polish Pope, who took the name John Paul II, is besides known as protagonist of oecumenic motion. Poland have big figure of other spiritual groups, which are popular in other states, for illustration: Muslim Religious Association ( Islam ) , Union of Jewish Religious Communities in Poland ( Judaism ) , Karaim Association ( faith based on Judaism and Islam ) , and Hare KrishnaConsciousness and Buddhists Association. ( )


The official linguistic communication spoken in Poland is Polish ( 97.8 % ) and undetermined 2.2 % . It is spoken by most of the 43 million citizens of Poland. Polish comes to 2nd place on figure of talkers between Slavic linguistic communications after Russian. It distributes some vocabulary with the linguistic communications of the adjacent Slavic states, most unusually with Slovak, Czech, Ukrainian, and Belarusian. (, 1999-2008 )


Poland has a first-class tradition for making high category handmade jewellery, wood, wooden nesting dolls, leather, papercuts ( “ Wycinanki ” ) , lacecraftworksandbabushka-folk traditional shawls, ceramicsandhand painted glass. ( Polcraft ltd, 2010 )


Poland is a state of merriment lovers who enjoy festivals, traditions and centuries-old imposts. ”Links with tradition are felt the strongest during the greatest spiritual banquets, such as Christmas, Easter, Corpus Christi emanations and All Saints ‘ Day” . The two most of import national vacations are the anniversary ofthe Restoration ofindependence in 1918, which is celebrated on 11 November, and the day of remembrance of the passing of Poland ‘s first Fundamental law on 3 May 1719. There are several other vacations, which are rather different in character are, Women ‘s Day ( 8 March ) , Mother ‘s Day ( 26 May ) , Granny ‘s Day ( 21 January ) and Children ‘s Day ( 1 June ) , all less public and celebrated foremost and foremost at place. ( Ministry of Foreign personal businesss, 2002-2008 )


The significance of household in Poland is evident in their life. Parents are anticipated in making the best for the demands of their kids. Polish adult females have some sort of religion that the Polish citizen understands and gives importance to the construct of partnership when it comes to conserve and married woman. They both work together to make the work like childrearing and sharing of duties for the place and their belongingss. But in world, the customary gender functions are still evident in their household life. For things like child care adult females are preferred while the work forces are still believed as the chief breadwinners. ( Purdue University, 2004 )

Social category

Poland was well-known as a transnational society which included significant Numberss of Belarusians which are Belorussians, Germans, Jews, and Ukrainians throughout most of its history. This racial diverseness was condensed aggressively by the terminal of World War II and the motions that followed it. These international migrated people were swapped by an estimated 3 million cultural Poles which are coming back from the Soviet Union and by 1000s of others who returned from out-migration or contending war in the West. The terminal consequence of this procedure, in 1990 coatings with an estimated 98 per centum of Poland ‘s population was ethnically Polish. ( Photius Coutsoukis, 2004 )


Large figure of Political parties established near to 1990 and now it has been reduced to 4 of the major participants which are: “The EAS, The moderate Freedom Union ( FU ) , The Polish Peasant Party ( PPP ) and The Liberal-Democratic Alliance or SLD. From 1997 until late 2000, the SLD, a pudding stone of left wing and societal democratic parties, formed a alliance authorities with the PPP, back uping private ownership, democratic rules in political life, and freedom of expression.” ( )

Political leaders

President — Lech Kaczynski ( PiS )

Prime Minister — Donald Tusk ( PO )

Minister of Foreign Affairs — Radoslaw Sikorski ( PO )

Minister of Defense — Bogdan Klich ( PO )

Minister of Finance — Jacek Rostowski ( non-party )

Minister of Treasury — Aleksander Grad ( PO )

Minister of Education — Katarzyna Hall ( PO )

Minister of Culture and National Heritage — Bogdan Zdrojewski ( PO )

Minister of Justice — Andrzej Czuma ( PO )

Minister of Sport — Miroslaw Drzewiecki ( PO )

( Bureau of Public Affairs, 2009 )

Government construction

The present fundamental law of Poland authorities consists of a council of curates who are led by a Prime Minister, which is normally chosen by the higher bulk brotherhood in the bicameral legislative assembly ‘s lower house ( Sejm ) . The president can merely be elected after every five old ages and besides non for more than two footings, and he is besides the caput of province and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. “The parliament consists of the 460-member Sejm and the 100-member Senate, or upper house. All deputies are elected by electors in electoral territories and the judicial admission of an electoral threshold — with the exclusion of guaranteed seats for little cultural parties, merely parties having at least 5 % of the entire ballot could come in parliament.” ( Bureau of Public Affairs, 2009 )

Political history

In early tenth century and followed old ages, gloss was lead by the different swayers which transformed Poland people into Christianity, put together strong land and incorporate Poland into European civilization. ( Wszystkie prawa zastrzezone ) stated that the Poland starts its “Beginning with theLithuanian Grand DukeJogaila ( Wladyslaw II Jagiello ) , theJagiellon dynasty ( 1385-1569 ) formed thePolish-Lithuanian union” . This consequences in maintaining Poles andLithuanians, the most dominant provinces inEuropefor the following three centuries. Then Polish sejm agreed to theNihil noviactin 1505, which transferred its big sum of thelegislative powerfrom themonarchto the Sejm. This incident is marked as the beginning of the epoch known as “ Golden Liberty ” , when the province was regulated by the “ free and equal ” Polish aristocracy

“By the eighteenth century the nobles’democracyhad bit by bit declined intoanarchy, doing the one time powerful Commonwealth vulnerable to foreign intervention” . Above three dividing of states surrounding it with Russia, Austria and Prussia, the Commonwealth was well reduced in size to the first two times and finally ceased to be in 1795.

“Poland regained its independency in 1918, after more than a century of regulation by its neighbors” . The state becomes parliamentary democracy, when the chance arose in 1989. In November, 1990 the first election was won by Lech Walesa and his jurisprudence infliction consequences in deficiency of outlook as no economic miracles took topographic point, and the political forces fail to go changeless. Poland ‘s National Assembly adopts a newConstitution in 1997 and today Poland maintain on deriving international credibleness and is a member of NATO. ( Wszystkie prawa zastrzezone, 2008 )


Economic steps


It measures the entire end product of goods and services for concluding usage which is traveling to take topographic point within the domestic district of a given state. ( The World Bank, 2002 )

( hypertext transfer protocol: // )

International Trade

Exports and Imports of goods and servicesshow the value of all goods and other market services which are available to or received from the remainder of the universe. This contains the value of ware, cargo, insurance, conveyance, travel, royalties, licence fees, and other services, such as communicating, building, fiscal, information, concern, personal, and authorities services. ( The World Bank, 2002 )

Official Development Assistance ( ODA ) and Financial Flows

Official development assistanceaccounts the sum of international assistance which is received by a state. It refers to the existent international transportation by the giver of fiscal resources or of goods or services valued at the cost to the giver, less any refunds of loan principal during the same period. ( The World Bank, 2002 )

Income Distribution

The Gini indexdetermines the extent to which the allotment of income among persons or families within an economic system deviates from a absolutely equal distribution. ( The World Bank, 2002 )


Polish economic system: one-year tendencies



latest 2009





GDP at current monetary values

ˆ bn





Real GDP alteration


6.8 %

5.0 %


1.2 %

1.6 %

2.3 %

3.1 %

Foreign Trade


ˆ bn









ˆ bn









ˆ bn








Monetary values

Consumer price index


2.5 %

4.2 %


3.5 %

3.5 %

2.3 %

2.4 %



2.0 %

2.2 %


3.5 %

3.4 %

1.5 %

2.8 %

Unemployment ( registered )


11.2 %

9.5 %


11.4 %

11.9 %

12.5 %

11.6 %

Exchange rates

















Market size







Per capita GDP at current monetary values






f – prognosis

( Polish market reappraisal, 2010 )

U.S-Poland Relationss

In early 1919, United States begins diplomatic relation with the freshly established Polish Republic. Polish authorities has been a strong follower of continued American armed forces and economic presence in Europe. In add-on to the back uping international counterterrorism efforts by United States, and NATO ‘s ISAF operations in Afghanistan, Poland besides cooperates strongly on some of the issues like democratisation, atomic non-proliferation, human rights, regional cooperation in Central and Eastern Europe, and UN reform with the United States. ( Bureau of Public Affairs, 2009 )

Ethical motives

Corruptness Ranking

Poland was rated 3.4 harmonizing to Corruption Perception Index which was published on 18 October 2005 by Transparency International-Poland, and ranks 34 in corruptness ranking. The writers of the study noted that “Poland ‘s ranking was the worst among the eight new EU member ‘s provinces and Poland was the lone state in the whole index in which the public perceptual experience of corruptness had increased over the last eight years” . ( IHF study, 2006 )

Ethical issues

By the clip of reaching of international corporations with their professional systems into Poland, HRM was introduced which high spots ethical forces direction. The present Polish economic conditions, with 19 % unemployment, hasty several ethical challenges. The extended external classs are: ( 1 ) History and cultural attitudes and ( 2 ) Use of the current unemployment state of affairs. ( Allemagne, 2006 )


Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out