A single-celled eukaryote that has some animal-like characteristics.
What is a protozoan?
What type of cell do all protozoans have?
What are groups of protozoans called?
A moist environment such as ponds, the ocean, moist soil, and inside the tissues of plants & animals
What type of environment is ideal for most protists? Give examples.
What kingdom are protists classified in?
Amoebas, ciliates, flagellates, sporozoans, algae, and slime molds.
What types of organisms are protists?
Which type of protists are plant-like?
amoebas, ciliates, flagellates
Which types of protists are animal-like?
Which type of protists are fungus-like?
Which type of protists are ALL parasites?
Animals and plants have specialized tissues. Protists lack tissues, but have ____________________________.
a group of protozoans that move by waving tiny, hair-like organelles called cilia.
What are ciliates?
The organelle on ciliate protists where food is swept into
What is the gullet?
It helps control the amount of water inside the protist by pumping out excess water.
What does the contractile vacuole do?
Name an example of a ciliate protist.
a group of protozoans that move by means of pseudopods (false feet).
What is an amoeba?
Name an example of an amoeba.
They surround their food with their pseudopods, and then take it into themselves in the form of a food vacuole.
How do amoebas feed?
They stretch their cytoplasm in the direction they will move. The stretched out part becomes a pseudopod (false foot).
How do amoebas move?
a group of protozoans that move using a whip-like organelle called a flagellum
What is a flagellate?
Name an example of a flagellate.
With the use of a flagella (whip-like tail)
How do flagellates move?
Most are a combination of plant and animal, meaning they can make their own food, but can also eat other things.
What do flagellates eat?
A light-sensitive eyespot
What organelle helps euglena to locate its food?
a group of protozoans that do not have organelles for movement and are ALL parasites.
What are sporozoans?
What is the organism called in which a parasite lives?
Name an example of a sporozoan.
Name the disease caused by plasmodium.
Malaria is transmitted by mosquitoes, so to become infected, you must be bitten by an infected mosquito.
How is someone infected with malaria?
A mosquito-borne disease caused by a protozoan (plasmodium) that infects red blood cells. Plasmodium causes the red blood cells to burst, causing sickness and even death.
What is malaria?
Ciliates, flagellates, sporozoans, and amoebas.
Name the four types of protists.