Tanya Fomenko Health Mr. Bateman Crystal Meth and refusal skills What Is Crystal Meth? The chemical n-methyl-1-phenyl-propan-2-amine is called methamphetamine, methylamphetamine, or desoxyephedrine. The shortened name is simply ‘meth’. When it is in its crystalline form, the drug is called crystal meth, ice, Tina, or glass. See the table below for other street names of the drug. Methamphetamine is a highly addictive stimulant. How Is Crystal Meth Used? Usually crystal meth is smoked in glass pipes, similar to how crack cocaine is used.
It may be injected (either dry or dissolved in water), snorted, swallowed, or inserted into the anus or urethra. Why Is Crystal Meth Used? Females often take crystal meth because it can cause extremely rapid weight loss. However, the effects are short term. The body builds up a tolerance to the drug so weight loss tapers off and stops around six weeks after taking the drug. Also, weight that is lost is regained once a person stops taking methamphetamine. For these reasons, combined with how addictive the drug is, methamphetamine tends not to be prescribed by doctors for weight loss.
Some people take meth because of the long-lasting high that it gives. Methamphetamine causes numerous neurotransmitters to be released in the brain, producing a sense of euphoria that may last as long as 12 hours, depending on how the drug was taken. Methamphetamine is popular as a stimulant. As a stimulant, methamphetamine improves concentration, energy, and alertness while decreasing appetite and fatigue. Methamphetamines are also taken by people who are feeling depressed. They may be taken for their side effect of increasing libido and sexual pleasure. What Are the Effects of Methamphetamine Use?
This is a list of effects associated with pure methamphetamine use. Because of how it’s made, crystal meth is never pure, so the dangers associated with taking the street drug extend beyond these effects. Common Immediate Effects •Euphoria •Increased energy and alertness •Diarrhea and nausea •Excessive sweating •Loss of appetite, insomnia, tremors, jaw-clenching •Agitation, irritability, talkativeness, panic, compulsive fascination with repetitive tasks, violence, confusion •Increased libido •Increased blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate, blood sugar levels, bronchodilation Constriction of the walls of the arterties •In pregnant and nursing women, methampetamine crosses the placenta and is secreted in breast milk Effects Associated with Chronic Use •Tolerance (needing more of the drug to get the same effect) •Drug craving •Temporary weight loss •Withdrawal symptoms including depression and anhedonia •”Meth Mouth” where teeth rapidly decay and fall out •Drug-related psychosis (may last for months or years after drug use is discontinued) Effects of Overdose •Brain damage •Sensation of flesh crawling (formication) •Paranoia, hallucinations, delusions, tension headache Muscle breakdown (rhabdomyolysis) which can lead to kidney damage or failure Death due to stroke, cardiac arrest or elevated body temperature (hyperthermia) Refusal Skills: 1. Make a joke. Sometimes humor is the best way to respond to a situation, as it can lighten a serious mood. It can also divert attention away from you and onto something else. 2. Give a reason why it’s a bad idea. Maybe you can’t HYPERLINK “http://youthdevelopment. suite101. com/article. cfm/teen_tobacco_prevention” smoke because you want to be able to run the mile for the track team.
Maybe you don’t want to HYPERLINK “http://youthdevelopment. suite101. com/article. cfm/teens_and_alcopops” drink because you know someone who is an alcoholic and you can see how drinking has messed up their life. Backing up your refusal with evidence gives it more power. 3. Make an excuse why you can’t. Maybe you have something else to do that will interfere. Or you have to be somewhere at a specific time. Or your mom will kill you. Whatever. But say it and stick to it. 4. Just say no, plainly and firmly. In some situations, just saying no without a lot of arguing and explaining is the best response.
Just make sure you’re “no” is a strong and determined one. 5. Suggest an alternative activity. Lots of kids wind up doing stuff they shouldn’t because they lack other options. They’re bored. By thinking of something better to do, you’re offering everyone an “out. ” You just might be surprised who might take you up on it. 6. Ignore the suggestion. Pretend you didn’t hear it, and change the topic to something else. Act like you don’t think the idea was even worth discussing. 7. Repeat yourself if necessary. Sometimes it takes more than once, on more than one occasion.
Just because someone asks more than once, that doesn’t mean you have to cave. 8. Leave the situation. If you don’t like where things are headed, you can take off. It might seem risky, but with you leading the way, other kids who really don’t want to do it either just may follow you. 9. Thanks, but no thanks. You can be polite, but you still aren’t interested. It just isn’t something you’re into. 10. The power of numbers. Make a pact with your friends to stick to your guns. Often, knowing that your friends will back you up can help you feel more comfortable being assertive. Sometimes “we” feels stronger than “I”.