definitions of all food chain/web vocab

Term Definition
food chain a series of plants and animals, in which plants are eaten by some animals, who are then eaten by other animals
carnivore an animal that eats meat (other animals)
prey animal that is hunted, caught, and eaten by a predator
camouflage the ability to blend in with the surroundings
predator an animal that hunts and eats other animals
adaptations special body part or ability of an animal or plant that helps it survive
omnivore an animal that eats animals AND plants
habitat the place where an animal or plant lives
secondary consumer an animal that eats another animal in a food chain
producer scientific word for a plant (because it can produce its own food)
herbivore an animal that eats only plants
food web overlapping food chains
primary consumer the first "eater" in a food chain (always an herbivore)
instinct something that an animal (or human) does automatically (without having to learn it)
nutrients substances needed in order for plants and animals to grow and live
decomposer an organism that feeds on dead plants and animals and returns their nutrients to the soil by going to the bathroom

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