Development of Safe System of Work for Equipment used for Working at Height Essay

Contentss

We will write a custom essay sample on
Development of Safe System of Work for Equipment used for Working at Height Essay
or any similar topic only for you
Order now

1.0 Introduction……………………………………………………………P. 3

2.0 Background…………………………………………………………….P. 4

3.0 Objective………………………………………………………………..P. 5

4.0 Equipment for working at tallness……………………………..P. 6

4.1 Ladders……………………………………………………………..P. 6

4.2 Elevated Working Platforms……………………………….P. 8

4.3 Mobile type tubular scaffolds……………………………..P. 10

4.4 Bamboo scaffolds……………………………………………… P. 12

5.0 Legislative demands and counsel stuffs……..P. 13

6.0 Conclusion & A ; Recommendation……………………………… P. 14

7.0 Mention…………………………………………………………….P. 15

  1. Introduction

Construction industry’s industrial accidents is more than other industries. The accident rate per 1000 workers was 35.9. Among which the highest figure of deceases involved in working at tallness. Which were related to “fall of individual from height” . Working at tallness in the building work affecting of impermanent or transeunt working environment status means a batch of built-in jeopardies and possible jeopardies. Construction work, safety in the work topographic point is really of import, it is indispensable. Therefore, must take the necessary security steps to guarantee the safety operation.

  1. Background

I am a director of the Engineering Department of Excellent Property Management Limited. Recently, I observe that fatal accidents affecting working at tallness is a major tendency in 2013. Recently, I have observed that fatal accidents affecting working at tallness is a major tendency in 2013. While the workers of our company and the outsourced contractors in the estates and places are utilizing assorted installations in executing their occupations in working at highs.

  1. Aim

A survey of four commonly used equipment for working at tallness: ladders, nomadic type tubular scaffolds, elevated working platforms and bamboo scaffolds. Analyze their map, restrictions, hazard and encountered in the work processes. Provide associating local safety statute laws, Codes of Practices and counsel to the workers.

It should to develop for the safe system of work. Which procedural inspected work undertakings to happen the possible jeopardies, Inherent hazards. Supplying the safety and heath policy or schemes in commanding the jeopardies and show the apprehension of common wellness and safety direction system.

  1. Equipment for working at tallness

The common of equipment in working at tallness: ladders, nomadic type tubular scaffolds, elevated working platforms and bamboo scaffolds.

  1. Ladders

Ladders are the most common accessory tools for working at tallness. A simple tools for deriving entree to higher degrees. Therefore, affecting highest figure of workers are injured while working at tallness.

Functions of ladders:

  • Portable, easy and convenient.
  • Widely used in assorted building units.
  • Easy storage

Restrictions for usage of ladders:

  • Inspect the ladder before every times and regularly afterwards.
  • Must look into the ladder side and ladder stairss has burst, it has broken rung ladder before usage, and whether there are loose or anti-slide pedal to lose and so on.
  • Indicate whether the ladder meets safety criterions.
  • Pay attending to the ladder’s safe working burden, do certain non to transcend the burden when utilizing.
  • Where a handhold is available on the ladder.
  • Ladder placed on a house and degree land
  • Ladders must be steadfastly in back uping the affair, if non fastened to the ladder, the ladder should be located under one mention aid.
  • Ladders merely for 2 metres below the lightweight work
  • Not suited for long continuance or high frequence for work at tallness.
  • Not suited for long continuance or high frequence for work at tallness.
  • At a tallness of 2m or more, ladders merely be used for entree and emersion, and non a topographic point to work
  • During acclivity, work and descent on ladder, worker should be capable of retaining three points of contact with the ladder.
  • Ladders must be at the proper angle eyes on the supports, the angle is excessively big or excessively little can take to accidents.
  • Rigorous conformity with the manufacture’s instructions and safety warnings.

Hazard for usage ladders: autumn of individual from tallness

  • The footwear is from clay or lubricating oil before mounting up a ladder.
  • The ladder is unstable and resting on an uneven and soft dirt land.
  • The deficient infinite behind the stairss to supply a proper terms.
  • Never overload the ladder, more than one individual is working from a ladder

Which should be avoided every bit far as possible for utilizing ladders:

  • Use any ladder that is already dead set or ladder stairss has explosion
  • Connect short ladders together to organize long 1s.
  • Pull the organic structure to either sides of the ladder.
  • Position the ladder at the topographic point where working
  • Paint something on ladder to cover up cleft and defects.
  • Ladders are used as a on the job platform.
  • Not following the manufacture’s instructions and safety warnings.
  • Not compliant with international safety criterions.

Training for worker:

  • The worker for usage ladder must hold related safety preparation or supervise to guidance to the workers.
  • The correct technique for mounting of ladder. ( Three-point contact )
  1. Elevated Working Platforms

The elevated working platforms is really convenient for accessory tools for working at tallness. This is considered to be work equipment that prevents a autumn. It is a manned to working at tallness, such as ceiling care work, fix and cleaning the tallness air conditioning, illuming or external wall.

Restrictions for usage of elevated working platform:

  • See the work requirement the carrying capacity, tallness of lift, mobility and stableness.
  • The elevated on the job platform should be lucifer for operation site, on the route and environmental conditions and restriction.
  • The safety passageway for entree and emersion from the elevated working platforms
  • The of import point is the maker or the agents company provides developing class on operations, review, place hazards, initial mistake strain, Fault describing mechanism and operation of the elevated working platforms.
  • Start to inspect and prove the platform before usage every clip
  • Calculate and record the every clip lading weight for manned and equipment to be guarantee non transcend the restriction maximal safety work burden.
  • Ensure the elevated working platforms have guard-rails is difficult, stable and secure.
  • Has a slip-resistant floor.
  • Install of the toe-boards unit of ammunition at the border of the platform.
  • Ensure the operation is horizontal degree during the lifting and falling, does non happen uneven phenomenon.
  • Enclosed working country of the elevated working platform to avoid jeopardizing others individuals
  • Must wear safety harnesses with laniards firmly attached to platform’s anchorage points.

Hazard for usage elevated working platforms:

  • Fall of individual from tallness for guard-rail loose or broken.
  • The workers by injured on elevated working platform due to the platform move.
  • The elevated working platform and worker are falling due to transcend the restriction maximal safety work burden.

Which should be avoided every bit far as possible for utilizing elevated on the job platforms:

  • Travel the elevated working platforms when the workers still on it
  • Not procure all guard-rails of the elevated working platforms.
  • Excessive dependance and sit on guard-rails of the elevated working platforms.
  • Riding on the guard-rails up to higher degree for working.
  • Lean over out of the work platform outside.
  • Ignore the examine, trial and keep the platform on a regular basis.
  • Work in the absence of adequate of equal preparation and instructions

Training for worker:

  • The worker for usage elevated working platform must hold related safety preparation or supervise to guidance to the workers.
  • The worker should be hold the undermentioned cognition, before get downing to work:

elaborate safety operating processs specified by the maker ;

restrictions on utilizing the elevated on the job platform ;

restrictions on working burden ;

points to look into before utilizing the elevated on the job platform ; and

presentation and pattern on the operating processs.

  1. Mobile type tubular scaffolds

Mobile type tubular scaffolds is for impermanent construction to back up work and entree platforms. Mobile type tubular scaffolds can be used for different intents in different building activities. To edifice, leveling and modifying of scaffolding must be carried out in conformity with the Construction Sites ( Safety ) Regulations and Codes of Practice for Bamboo and Metal Scaffolding Safety of the Labour Department.

Restrictions for usage of nomadic type cannular scaffolds:

  • The safety passageway for entree and emersion from the nomadic type tubular scaffolds.
  • Suitable tail: 900mm – 1150mm top rail, 450mm -600mm mid rail and minimal 200mm high toe board.
  • Toe boards must lift at least 200mm.
  • Has a fence and outriggers in nomadic tower
  • Not suited for out-of-door work in strong air currents and inclement conditions.
  • Provide plenty back uping point to repairing the staging to the edifice.
  • That could hold an inauspicious consequence of conditions conditions on the staging work should be invariably monitored and should be taken and supply to keep the stableness of the scaffold and the works, equipment and plants.
  • The Scaffolding should be provide and puting with dual guard tracks and toe boards. Extra step such as nylon cyberspace is besides required to forestall stuffs, tools or equipment falling.
  • The boards and boards should be unpainted so that any defects are readily seeable.
  • To edifice, leveling and modifying of scaffolding must be conducted by trained worker under the immediate supervising of a competent individual.
  • Boardss and boards used in the building of working platform should be protected against splitting.
  • Mobile type tubular scaffolds placed on a house and degree land, on different land surface require different support:

Hard surface – is sufficient hardness and thickness to back up the staging, but sooner to be placed on a base home base.

Other surfaces – is any type of flooring or pavement which would be penetrated by a criterion with a base home base beneath it or if there is uncertainty about the surface, should be used base plates or metal wadding home bases at the underside of the criterions.

  • The supports for a scaffold should be maintained in an equal status during the life of the scaffold.
  • The breadth of working platform of the scaffold non less than 400mm.
  • The group of boards across the breadth of the scaffold should be consistent with the same length, with all boards of the same thickness.
  • The angle of ladder for the ratio of perpendicular with horizontal degree non more than 4 to 1.

Hazard of tumbling when utilizing nomadic type cannular scaffolds:

  • Over the transporting capacity for the top of the working platform.
  • A ladder is placed on the top of working platform to widen to deriving entree higher degree.
  • The tower is placed on inclining or uneven land.

Which should be avoided every bit far as possible for utilizing nomadic type cannular scaffolds:

  • Travel the elevated working platforms when the workers still on it
  • Climb a nomadic type tubular scaffold when the wheels are unbarred.
  • In windy or terrible conditions conditions to utilize a nomadic type tubular scaffold for out-of-door work.
  • Travel the nomadic type tubular scaffold when workers or stuffs still on the working platform.

Training for worker:

  • A trained workingman has satisfactorily completed a formal preparation in metal scaffolding plants tantamount to any of those mentioned for a competent individual or has satisfactorily passed the intermediate trade trial for metal scaffolder of the CICTA and possesses at least 1 twelvemonth of experience in metal staging plants. ( Under the Construction Workers Registration Ordinance ) .
  • Inspected by a competent individual before being taken into usage for the first clip.
  • Inspected by a competent individual at regular intervals non transcending 14 yearss instantly predating each usage of the scaffold.
  • In regard of scaffolding safety, the worker are capable to the demands of the undermentioned ordinances: 38A, 38AA, 38B, 38C, 38D, 38E, 38F, 38H, 38I, 48, 49, 52,
  1. Bamboo scaffolds

Bamboo scaffold is a impermanent construction to work and entree platforms. Common in the building, redevelopment and fix work. Bamboo scaffold usage natural stuff, inexpensive and can be recycled. While its flexibleness suitable for usage on any undertaking, workers can rapidly alter or bamboo cut to the desired length and form. Bamboo is lightweight, easy to transport, raise and modify and level is shorter clip than other type staging.

Restrictions for usage of bamboo scaffolds:

  • Erection and leveling the bamboo staging must be in conformity with the Construction Sites ( safety ) Regulations and Codes of Practice of Bamboo and Metal Scaffolding Safety of the Labour Department.
  • The bamboo higher than 15m, should be designed and approved by professional applied scientist.
  • Should be supply sufficient support point to procure to the bamboo scaffold with the edifice or construction to forestall prostration.
  • For avoid stuffs from stuff, tools and dust from falling should be vertical catch-fans, nylon cyberspace and protection screen at the bamboo scaffold.
  • Ensure the Form 5 is punctually signed and valid.
  • Suitable tail: 900mm – 1150mm top rail, 450mm -600mm mid rail and minimal 200mm high toe board.

Hazard of utilizing bamboo scaffolds:

  • Tumbling when over the transporting capacity for the bamboo platform.
  • Material or tool from falling when no provide sufficient extra step to forestall from falling.
  • Tumbling when no provide sufficient step to procure the bamboo scaffold to forestall terrible conditions.

Which should be avoided every bit far as possible for utilizing bamboo scaffolds:

  • In windy or terrible conditions conditions to utilize bamboo scaffold for out-of-door work.
  • Working when the bamboo staging is unfinished province.
  • Use incorrect and insecure method to level bamboo scaffolds.
  • Avoid the destruction bamboo falling on the land straight and instantly, workers should be one base on balls one or utilize perpendicular conveyance step to the land.

Training for worker:

  • Erection, change and dismantlement of bamboo scaffold must be conducted by trained workingmans under the immediate supervising of a competent individual.
  • Trained workingmans must hold formal preparation in, and possess at least 3 old ages of experience of, bamboo scaffolding work.
  1. Legislative demands and counsel stuffs
  • Codes of Practice for Bamboo and Metal Scaffolding Safety
  • Codes of Practice for Metal Scaffolding Safety
  • Practical Guide to Working at Height: Guaranting Safe Work Practices
  • Safe System of Work
  • Safety Guide for Bamboo Scaffolding Work
  • Safety at Work – A Guide to Ladders and Elevated Working Platforms
  • Beware of Fall at Work
  • Guidance Notes on Categorization and Use of Safety Belts and their Anchorage System
  • Construction Safety – Working at Height
  • Construction Sites ( Safety ) Regulations
  • Statutory General Duties Requirements under Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance –Section 6.
  1. Conclusion & A ; Recommendation

For the above step for working at tallness, there should be avoid working at outdoor when under windy or terrible conditions environment conditions. In tools, should be provide workers with tool straps to forestall the tools from falling and supply the tools can be extended to avoid: the worker to tilt over out of the work platform outside ; siting on the guard-rails up to higher degree for working ; pull the organic structure to either sides of the ladder ; connect short ladders together to organize long 1s.

Mark the transporting capacity indicates on the step conspicuously displayed to guarantee non overload. Clean up the land near at working at tallness to cut down the workers from falling extra harm.

Use the ladders for working at tallness should be provide more one worker to attach to the work, who is responsible for tool storage to avoid the ladder user loss of balance.

Sing work readying and mandate requires at the start of any occupation. Guaranting safe work methods and necessary steps and including a safe agency of entree and flight.

  1. Mentions:

Codes of Practice for Bamboo and Metal Scaffolding Safety – ( Labour Department )

Codes of Practice for Metal Scaffolding Safety – ( Labour Department )

Practical Guide to Working at Height: Guaranting Safe Work Practices – ( Hong Kong Housing Authority )

Safety Guide for Bamboo Scaffolding Work – ( Labour Department )

Safety at Work – A Guide to Ladders and Elevated Working Platforms – ( Labour Department )

LC Paper No. CB ( 2 ) 279/13-14 ( 05 ) – ( Legislative Council Panel on Manpower )

Code of Practice on the Design and Construction of Tower Working Platforms – ( Electrical and Mechanical Services Department )

Industry-based Committees Bulletins 41th Issue, Safe Use or Mobile Aluminum Towers – ( Occupational Safety’s Health Council )

×

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out