The education system in Ethiopia Education is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits off group of people are transferred from one generation to the next person in which the cycle Improves with time. This cycle has evolved dramatically In Ethiopia when compared to US and other countries who are accustomed to modern education. Although Ethiopia was home to the first nations In the world who can write; It has been a struggle to apply modern education especially In rural areas. Many factors can be considered for this problem.
Lack of financial support and educated force, Traditions that don’t correlate with modern education and lack of basic necessity for teachers to teach. Modern education In private schools In Ethiopia (that I went to) basically have the same structure as the us but differ widely In areas Like schools apparatus and appliances. The school session In Teetotal Is divided Into a Mormon session and an afternoon session. The morning session begins at about 8:00 and lasts until 12:15. The afternoon session begins at 12:30 and continues to 4:45. Dents have SIX classes that are forty minutes each, plus a fifteen minute break after the third class. This is the usual timeline tot a students education In Addis Baby, The capital tot Ethiopia. From Nursery to Fourth grade, Classroom structure is like that in the US: one teacher per class who teaches every subject. At this cycle, students study subjects like math and social studies, Amharic (the national language) and English. Most school also are accustomed to give kids nap time and fun activates to do in the day at this level.
When students get to Fifth grade, they continue to study Amharic, English, math and social studies, but they also begin to study integrated sciences. Unlike The IIS Students who remain in the same classroom throughout the day, teachers cycle and come to each classroom to teach their subject. At the end of their eight grade year, students are given a nationally accredited exam to test their knowledge in variety of subjects, including science, math and English If students receive a passing score, they continue to freshman high school.
If they do not receive a passing score, students can retake the exam as long as they want but the percentage of students failing this exam in private school Is quite low. At the start of their freshman year, students get to experience Integrated science Into a broader aspect as physics, biology and chemistry. They also continue to take Amharic courses and English as their primary education. Although both the LIST and Ethiopia use the Idea of extracurricular activities to build up students grade, the emphasis given to extracurricular activities In Ethiopia is low and more focus Is given to formal education compared to the us.
At the end of tenth grade, students take a national exam Just Like the eighth grade exam. Students who pass continue to the second cycle of their secondary education. Students who fall can attend a technical school or a college of Teacher Education (CITE). Students who attend a CITE earn a diploma after 2-3 years and often teach In the first cycle of the primary schools. This cycle Is referred to more oaten as the preparatory cycle than as grades 1 1 and 12.
At this bevel, students continue to study, because there’s one more exam and it will determine IT Ana winner teeny can attend multiversity At the start of Junior section, students choose between science or art stream. Science stream includes physics, biology, chemistry and technical drawing while art stream has business, economics, and geography and history classes. If the schools approves that you are credible enough, you will take an exam that marks the end of your high school year. This exam is prepared nationally and is comparable to a very competitive version of the Stats.
Students who pass this exam can go to university to earn a degree. Students attend university for 3-5 years, pending what they study. Passing students rank their top five universities and the subjects they would like to study. Depending on the student’s score and how many positions are available at each university and within each discipline, the student can receive one of his/her five choices. But if the student passed with a lower score or if the student’s universities of choice are full, then the government can place the student in another university with different discipline.