Egypt (536 words) Essay

I am visiting the country of Egypt. Egypt is a country in Africa. The Egyptian
name for Egypt is jumhuriyat misr al-arabiyah, misr is the Egyptian word for
Egypt. The national capital is Cairo. The location of Egypt is in northern
Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza strip.

Egyptian land is a total of 995450 sq. Km and 6,00 sq. Km. Egypt is almost more
than three times the size of New Mexico. The coastline is 2,450 km. Climate: the
climate is desert type, hot, dry summers with moderate winters. The temperatures
during the summer range from 114 degrees during day light to a minimum of 42
degrees after sunset. During the winter season the temperature drops to 32
degrees. The most humid area is along the Mediterranean coast; the average
rainfall is about 8 inches. Cairo receives on average only about 1.1inches of
rain a year. The terrain is a vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and
delta. Natural resources: Egypt has a lot of different mineral deposits such as
gold, red granite petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese,
limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, and zinc. Natural gas is also found in
Egypt. Natural hazards: Egypt has natural hazards such as periodic droughts,
frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides, volcanic activity, bad
windstorms called khamsin they usually occur in spring, dust storms, sandstorms.

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Population: The population of Egypt is 66,050,004. The majority of Egyptians are
eastern Hermitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%, Greek, Nubian,
Armenian, other European (primarily It is alien and French) 1%. Religions: Islam
is the official religion, and about 90% of all Egyptians are Muslims, most of
them are members of the Sunni sect. The Coptic Orthodox Church (similar to
Christians) has no more than 3 million members. Copts has 7 million members. 1
million people belong to the Greek orthodox, Roman Catholic, Armenian, and a lot
of protestant churches. This country has a very small Jewish community.

Languages: the official language is Arabic. Berber is spoken in a few villages
in the western parts. English and French is understood by educated classes.

Education: primary and secondary schooling is free; the same is for public
universities and technical schools. Ages 6 to 11 schooling is necessary. Age 15
and over can read and write. Crime: Egypt is a transit point for southwest Asian
and southeast Asian heroin and opium moving to Europe and the us; popular
transit stop for Nigerian couriers. Economy: Egypt is mostly an agricultural
country, with about 40 percent of the labor force employed in crop farming or
herding. The results of Egyptian farmlands are just about the highest in the
world. They grow rice, tomatoes, wheat, maize, sugarcane, potatoes, and oranges.

The live stock populations in early 1990 are 3 million cattle, 3 million
buffalo, 4.4 million sheep, 4.8 million goats, 1.6 million donkeys, and 44
million chickens. Egypt also has a big fishing industry. In the early 1990’s
the annual catch was about 298,000 metric tons. The most productive areas are
the shallow deltaic lakes, Brat Arum, and the Red Sea. They catch a wide Varity
of fish. Government: Egypt is governed by a constitution declared on September
11, 1971. The constitution provides for an Arab socialist state with Islam as
the official religion. It also stresses social solidarity, equal opportunity,
and popular control of production.


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