European Parliament Sample Essay

Founded in 1952 as the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community ( ECSC ) and renamed the European Parliamentary Assembly in 1958. it became the European Parliament in 1962. The first direct elections took topographic point in 1979. The current MEPs were elected during the 2009 elections and will function until 2014.

The development of the Parliament is closely linked to a sequence of pacts climaxing in the current Lisbon Treaty. These pacts define the regulations and range of the Union and have turned the ECSC of old into what is now known as the European Union.

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Over the old ages. mileposts like the debut of the euro and European expansion have left their grade on the European Parliament. its powers and its composing.

A cardinal participant and informant to EU history. the Parliament now houses cardinal historical archives that provide alone positions on our common history. including early arguments from the assembly and archives of former EP Presidents.

Administration and work

The European Parliament is the lone directly-elected EU organic structure and one of the largest democratic assemblies in the universe. Its 754 Members are at that place to stand for the EU’s 500 million citizens. They are elected one time every five old ages by electors from across the 27 Member States.

Do you desire to cognize how the Parliament is organised? Once elected. Members organise along political lines. They form political groups to better support their places. Presently there are seven groups.

Most of Parliament’s in-depth work is done in specialized commissions that prepare studies that will subsequently be voted on in the plenary.

The Parliament’s regulations of process provide a elaborate model for the Parliament at work. Bing a representative of all European citizens. the assembly’s multilingualism has become one of its most of import facets. Parliamentary paperss are published in all the official linguistic communications of the EU and every MEP has the right to talk in the official linguistic communication of their pick.

Power and maps

The European Parliament has been steadily deriving power over recent decennaries and now acts as a co-legislator for about all EU jurisprudence. Together with the Council. the Parliament adopts or damagess proposals from the Commission. Parliament besides supervises the work of the Commission and adopts the European Union’s budget. See how it all works here.

Beyond these official powers the Parliament besides works closely with national parliaments of EU states. Regular joint parliamentary assemblies allow for a better inclusion of national positions into the Parliament’s deliberations.

How does the legislative procedure work in practical footings?

A Member of the European Parliament. working in one of the parliamentary commissions. pull up a study on a proposal for a ‘legislative text’ presented by the European Commission. the lone establishment empowered to originate statute law. The parliamentary commission ballots on this study and. perchance. amends it. When the text has been revised and adopted in plenary. Parliament has adopted its place. This procedure is repeated one or more times. depending on the type of process and whether or non understanding is reached with the Council.

In the acceptance of legislative Acts of the Apostless. a differentiation is made between the ordinary legislative process ( codecision ) . which puts Parliament on an equal terms with the Council. and the particular legislative processs. which apply merely in specific instances where Parliament has merely a advisory function.

On certain inquiries ( e. g. revenue enhancement ) the European Parliament gives merely an consultative sentiment ( the ‘consultation procedure’ ) . In some instances the Treaty provides that audience is obligatory. being required by the legal base. and the proposal can non get the force of jurisprudence unless Parliament has delivered an sentiment. In this instance the Council is non empowered to take a determination entirely.

Parliament has a power of political enterprise.

It can inquire the Commission to show legislative proposals for Torahs to the Council.

It plays a echt function in making new Torahs. since it examines the Commission’s one-year programme of work and says which Torahs it would wish to see introduced.

Budgetary process

Following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. the European Parliament now portions the power to make up one’s mind on the full one-year budget of the EU with the Council of the European Union and it has the concluding say.

Supervisory powers

The European Parliament has a scope of supervisory and control powers. These allow it to exert inadvertence over other establishments. to supervise the proper usage of the EU budget and to guarantee the right execution of EU jurisprudence.

The President of the European Parliament has the right to talk at the start of each European Council. puting out Parliament’s place on the topics to be addressed by the caputs of province and authorities.

After each acme the President of the European Council presents a study to Parliament on the result.

The European Parliament has the right to O.K. and disregard the European Commission. Since 1994. commissioners-designate have been required to look before an EP hearing. Under the Lisbon Treaty. EU caputs of province propose a campaigner for Commission President. taking into history the consequences of European elections. The campaigner is elected by the EP. The EP can reprimand the Commission and finally disregard it. The EP ensures democratic control over the Commission. which on a regular basis submits studies to Parliament including an one-year study on EU activities and on the execution of the budget.

Parliament can inquire the Court to take action against the Commission or Council if they have acted in a manner that is contrary to the spirit of EU jurisprudence.

Parliament. together with Council. can inquire the Court of Justice to put up specialized tribunals. For illustration. the European Union Civil Service Tribunal was established in 2005 to cover with differences between the EU and its civil service.

Parliament must be consulted before the President. Vice-President and Executive Board of the European Central Bank ( ECB ) are appointed by the European Council.

The ECB President presents the bank’s one-year study in plenary and takes portion in a regular pecuniary duologue with the Economics Committee.

The Court of Auditors presents the one-year study on the old year’s budget to the Council and European Parliament. Based on the study. Parliament decides whether or non to O.K. the manner the Commission handled the EU budget by allowing the budget discharge.

Parliament must be consulted before the assignment of the members of the Court of Auditors by the Council.

Any EU citizen. occupant. company or administration can subject a request to the European Parliament about EU jurisprudence.

Parliament can put up a commission of enquiry to look into misdemeanors of EU jurisprudence by member provinces.

Political groups

MEPs in Parliament are organised into seven different parliamentary groups. including 30 non-attached members known as non-inscrits. The two largest groups are the European People’s Party ( EPP ) and the Socialists & A ; Democrats ( S & A ; D ) . These two groups have dominated the Parliament for much of its life. continuously keeping between 50 and 70 per centum of the seats together. No individual group has of all time held a bulk in Parliament. [ 69 ] As a consequence of being wide confederations of national parties. European groups parties are really decentralized and therefore hold more in common with parties in federal provinces like Germany or the United States than unitary provinces like the bulk of the EU provinces. [ 45 ] Although. the European groups. between 2004 and 2009. were really more cohesive than their US opposite numbers. [ 70 ] [ 71 ]

Groups are frequently based on a individual European political party such as the socialist group ( before 2009 ) . However they can. wish the broad group. include more than one European party every bit good as national parties and mugwumps. [ 72 ] For a group to be recognised. it needs 25 MEPs from seven different states. [ 73 ] Once recognised. groups receive fiscal subsidies from the parliament and guaranteed seats on Committees. making an inducement for the formation of groups. However some contention occurred with the constitution of the ephemeral Identity. Tradition. Sovereignty ( ITS ) due to its political orientation ; the members of the group were reactionary. so there were concerns about public financess traveling towards such a group. [ 74 ] There were efforts to alter the regulations to barricade the formation of ITS. but that ne’er came to fruition. They were. nevertheless. blocked from deriving taking places on commissions — traditionally ( by understanding. non a regulation ) shared among all parties. [ 75 ] When this group engaged in infighting. doing the backdown of some members. its size fell below the recognizable bound doing its prostration.

|Group |Sub-parties |Leader ( s ) |


The Parliament is based in three different metropoliss with legion edifices. A protocol attached to the Treaty of Amsterdam requires that 12 plenary Sessionss be held in Strasbourg ( none in August but two in September ) . which is the Parliament’s functionary place. while excess portion Sessionss every bit good as commission meetings are held in Brussels. Luxembourg hosts the Secretariat of the European Parliament. [ 11 ] The European Parliament is the lone assembly in the universe with more than one meeting topographic point and one of the few that does non hold the power to make up one’s mind its ain location. [ 121 ]

The Strasbourg place is seen as a symbol of rapprochement between France and Germany. the Strasbourg part holding been fought over by the two states in the yesteryear. However it is questioned over the cost and incommodiousness of holding two seats for the parliament. While Strasbourg is the official place. and sits aboard the Council of Europe ( with which the “mutual cooperation” is being continuously “fostered” ) . [ 122 ] Brussels is home to about all other major EU establishments. with the bulk of Parliament’s work already being carried out at that place. Therefore despite Strasbourg being the chief place. it is the 1 most questioned. although some do believe Strasbourg should be the individual capital. [ 123 ]

Critics have described the two-seat agreement as a “travelling circus” . [ 124 ] and there is a strong motion to set up Brussels as the exclusive place. This is because the other political establishments ( the Commission. Council and European Council ) are located at that place. and hence Brussels is treated as the ‘capital’ of the EU. This motion has received strong backup through legion figures. including the Commission First-Vice President who stated that “something that was one time a really positive symbol of the EU reuniting France and Germany has now become a negative symbol—of blowing money. bureaucratism and the insanity of the Brussels institutions” . [ 125 ] The Green party has besides noted the environmental cost in a survey led by Jean Lambert MEP and Caroline Lucas MEP ; in add-on to the excess 200 million euro spent on the excess place. there are over 20. 268 metric tons of extra C dioxide. sabotaging any environmental stance of the establishment and the Union. [ 124 ] The run is farther backed by a million-strong online request started by Cecilia Malmstrom MEP. [ 126 ]

Traineeships in the European Parliament

Parliament offers several options for traineeships within its Secretariat. to supply chances for vocational preparation and for larning more about what the European Parliament is and does.

The traineeships may be paid or unpaid and are of the undermentioned types: a general option. a news media option and traineeships for transcribers.

1. Eleven out of the 12 UK euro-constituencies autumn wholly within the UK. The exclusion is the South West England constituency. which includes Gibraltar. MEPs have a rigorous clip bound for talking in plenary arguments but Colombian politician Ingrid Betancourt was allowed to talk for 50 proceedingss.

2. The European Parliament. along with the European Commission. is the world’s largest employer of translators and transcribers. About one tierce of the European Parliament staff – 1. 500 people – work on interpreting paperss and construing talkers in arguments and meetings. 3. The EU has 23 functionary linguistic communications and all European Parliament debating Sessionss are interpreted in all of them. Number-crunchers will gain that this means a sum of 506 possible linguistic communication reading combinations. 4. The European Parliament’s entire budget for this twelvemonth is ?1. 32 billion – about ?2. 60 per individual. 5. The European Parliament meets in two topographic points – Brussels and Strasbourg. But while 3. 279 of its 6. 166 staff are based in Brussels. merely 80 are based in Strasbourg. Where are the remainder? In Luxembourg. of course.

6. Eurosceptics say every bit much as 75 % of all statute law impacting the UK is made by EU legislators. But europhiles say that. harmonizing to House of Commons statistics. merely 9 % of our Torahs come from Brussels.

7. The bulk ( 60 % ) of European Parliament staff are adult females – but of the MEPs they serve. merely 31 % are adult females.

8. MEPs and their increasing legislative powers make them are everyday mark for involvement groups: there are no fewer than 4. 322 lobbyists registered with entree to the European Parliament. stand foring 1. 699 administrations.

9. The European Parliament is the lone EU establishment to be awarded Environmental Management Scheme ( EMAS ) certifications for efficient usage of energy. H2O and paper. One invention. in one of the Parliament’s Brussels edifices. is the installing of a 145. 000 litre rainwater aggregator – for blushing lavatories.

10. If you want to exert your right to apathy by non voting in the euro-election. be thankful you aren’t a citizen of Belgium. Luxembourg. Cyprus or Greece – the four EU member provinces where vote is mandatory.


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