Although the concepts used in this survey have been undertaken every bit exactly as possible so as to accomplish its intended purposes and objectives the undermentioned restrictions were encountered during its execution.
- Time restraints
- Due to clip bounds, it was non possible to carry on research in all the 6 Laxmanbhai & A ; Co. ( Mauritius ) Ltd building sites.
- Some respondents answered the inquiries indiscriminately as they were running abruptly of clip.
- As most of the manual workers respondents have low instruction background, it was an issue to make full those questionnaires for them.
- Choice of mark group
- The research was limited to the employees at the Head Office and one Laxmanbahai & A ; Co. ( Mauritius ) Ltd building site.
- Time devouring process- clip taken to make full those questionnaires, to roll up them.
- The respondents could hold been biased in replying the questionnaires.
- The respondents were non interested in make fulling the questionnaires hence had to be chased to make so.
- Some respondents, particularly those on contractual footing were prejudices in their responses due to the fright of the top direction and the reactions due to their responses.
- Some respondents pretend to understand the inquiries and therefore, answered randomly.
Objective 1: To analyze the current safety and wellness civilization at Laxmanbhai & A ; Co. ( Mauritius ) Ltd.
Safety and wellness civilization is a major issue in the building industry. As cited by ( Ayarkwa and Agyekum, 2015 ) , wellness impacts are believed to be the major ground in the building industry to act upon wellness and safety public presentation. Exposure to jeopardies differs from trade to merchandise, occupation to occupation, by the twenty-four hours, even by the hr ( Weeks, 2015 ) . Therefore puting up a safety and wellness civilization in the organisation will heighten the success of the organisation including the employees, direction, stakeholders. Implementing a safety and wellness civilization will enable the organisation to cut down the degree of wellness impacts happening due to their work activities, in add-on it will supply a safe workplace. Based on the survey conducted by ( Langford et al. , 2000 ) , insecure Acts of the Apostless are being performed by workers due to the bang factor doing them see it. We besides have the consumption of drugs/alcohol during work premises which result in accidents or ill-health. This is how in order to forestall all those jobs from happening, a safety and wellness civilization is of great importance to be implemented and followed. Based on the study conducted at Laxmanbhai & A ; Co. ( Mauritius ) Ltd, it is undoubted that safety and wellness civilization is of premier concern and it is strongly believed that there is a strong safety civilization. As shown from the consequences of the study ( arrested development analysis ) conducted skilled workers, holding a length of experience more than 10 old ages and aged more than 55 old ages show great importance to safety and wellness civilization to be taken in consideration. It can be deduced that there is a current strong safety and wellness civilization in Laxmanbahi & A ; Co. ( Mauritius ) Ltd and nevertheless uninterrupted betterment will take to a better topographic point of work.
Objective 2: To measure whether the employees have the cognition about the wellness and environment impacts happening due to their project.
Based on the survey conducted by ( Ayarkwa and Agyekum, 2015 ) , Environment and wellness impact in the building industry is a major issue and is believed to act upon the organization’s wellness and safety public presentation in add-on with the environmental impairment which has captured the world’s attending and has been one of the most discussed topics locally, nationally and globally. The employees play an of import function in the wellness and environment impacts happening in the organisation. It is in fact due to their work activities itself jeopardies, hazard of accident, unwellness and even environment factors such as wastage, pollution occur. If the employees are cognizant of the hazards involved due to certain work activities being conducted improperly therefore the hazard of wellness and environment impacts would diminish to a certain degree as some people are stubborn by nature, and they will go on to transport out the same stairss that they have been carry oning from ago. Based on the survey of ( Stubbs and Nicholson, 1979 ) , the building industry has the highest answerability in footings of all accidents, manual handling accidents, back hurts, and back hurts attributed to manual handling incidents. Hence, informing the employees, doing them cognizant of the hazards involved and the results of this peculiar manner of working, supplying them with appropriate preparation as being provided in the chapter of recommendation, the wellness and environment impact will diminish for certain and will profit in the organisation itself. Based on the consequences of my study, the cognition about the impacts on the wellness of the manual workers 92.8 % gave a impersonal response in relation to the inquiry and 7.2 % merely said that it is of import. Whereby for the cognition of the impacts on the environment, all the manual workers gave a impersonal response. It can be deduced that the employees do non hold the cognition adequate chiefly refering the impacts on the environment, therefore as recommended below in the following chapter consciousness is of great importance.
Objective 3: To measure the current wellness position of the manual workers and the diagnosing to any related unwellnesss.
Based on the survey of ( Stubbs and Nicholson, 1979 ) , the building industry has the highest answerability in footings of all accidents, manual handling accidents, back hurts, and back hurts attributed to manual handling incidents. As cited by ( Verma et al. , 2003 ) , building workers are occupationally exposed to assortment of substances such as asbestos, concrete, wood dust, silicon oxide which are risky for human wellness. Hence, we can reason that the building industry is one of the most unsafe topographic point of work and the wellness of the manual workers is of import to go on to good work and besides every bit required by the jurisprudence, the OSHA, 2005 is the nucleus statute law protecting the safety, wellness and public assistance of employees at work. From the consequences of my study conducted among the manual workers at Laxmanbahi & A ; Co. ( Mauritius ) Ltd, it can be seen that 8 % of the respondents said to hold an first-class current wellness position, 10 % said to hold a sensible one and 82 % said to hold a good current wellness position. And 100 % of the respondent said to hold no unwellness and have non been diagnosed with any unwellnesss. It can be deduced that the organisation has implemented a good wellness civilization and the hazards that may be impacting their wellness are being mitigated and wellness steps are being implemented.
Objective 4: To look into on the execution of wellness and environmental steps by the direction so as to guarantee a safe and a green system of work
Health impact appraisal helps in protecting and advancing public wellness because it permits the squad involved in the decision-making procedure to analyse the wellness impacts with other factors therefore guaranting a healthy workplace. And this can assist in companies in many ways such as decrease of absenteeism, addition in productiveness and so on. Environment impact appraisal helps in bettering the planning of major undertakings by foretelling the environmental impacts that can happen due to its project. It facilitates the work in the planning of the undertaking and at the same clip believing about the future coevalss in footings of a healthy environment. Hence in order to minimise the impacts caused to the wellness and the environment, certain steps should be implemented by the direction degree. As it is described above the function of carry oning these appraisals is of great importance and therefore several factors as shown throughout my study, inquiries were asked about the steps taken by the direction in order to guarantee a safe and a green system of work. For illustration, carry oning hazard appraisal prior to runing work activities which shown a consequence as such, 59.5 % of the direction respondents said it is of great importance. Furthermore, we have direction committedness towards safe system of work whereby, 78.4 % of the direction respondents said it is of import. Finally we take the inquiry whereby carry oning an environment impact appraisal is being rated and 78.4 % of the direction respondents said it to be of import. It can be deduced that the direction is taking sufficient steps so as to guarantee a safe and a green system of work.
6.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
This chapter describes clearly persuasive histories of tax write-offs made out of the research.
Based on the consequences of the old chapter, it is clearly shown that safety and wellness is of major concern at Laxmanbhai & A ; Co. ( Mauritius ) Ltd. Thus, I believe that there is a strong wellness and safety civilization within the said industry. But refering the environmental facets and the execution of sustainability in the organisation is a hapless factor whereby both the manual workers and direction staff are non witting about. However, safety and wellness at the workplace is non the duty of the direction merely but every bit good as of manual workers.
Taking in consideration the building activities and the hapless educational background among manual workers, this may act upon safety and wellness civilization within the organisation. To reason with, wellness and environment impacts should be assessed and the execution of disciplinary steps to command the hazards involved within the organisation.
In line with the above, a few recommendations can be put in topographic point so as to better and keep a positive wellness and safety civilization every bit good as a sustainability within Laxmanbhai & A ; Co. ( Mauritius ) Ltd and which are as follows: –
All the stakeholders in Laxmanbhai & A ; Co. ( Mauritius ) Ltd must be made cognizant of the statute laws and guidelines in regard to building. Safety and wellness plans and workshops would hike a positive safety and wellness civilization within the organisation. In add-on, consciousness plans refering the saving of our natural resources and all factors that are destructing the environment should be reduced or best removed wholly.
There must be close supervising of building activities every bit good as the workers involved, particularly impermanent employees in order to do them in conformity with the safety and wellness policies and processs to cut down the hazard of hurts, accidents and ill-health.
Proper means and ways of safety and wellness communications must be used in order that all the employees understand including their educational background that is an issue among manual workers specifically.
6.3.4 Regard safety and wellness as an investing instead than cost
Safety and wellness must be regarded as a long term investing instead than cost and this will hike employees’ morale as they are the most valuable plus of any organisation, including the building industry.
All employees must be provided with appropriate preparation, without excepting those working on a contractual footing. The proper manner of transporting out an activity will cut down the hazard of any accidents to happen, to forestall a worker from any unwellness as he knows what to make and how to make it in order to protect himself and the people in his milieus. Training must be conducted in a contributing environment and in linguistic communications understood by all.
6.3.6 Continual betterment
Since the building industry is multifaceted and energetic, safety and wellness policies and processs must be improved continuously. Sustainable undertakings should be implemented in the organisation and continual betterment should be carried out in order to cut down the impacts n the environment. This will enable Laxmanbhai & A ; Co. ( Mauritius ) Ltd to develop safety, wellness and environmental schemes as and when required with a position to better safety, wellness and environment public presentation every bit good as inculcate a positive safety and wellness civilization.