Excretory System Diseases and Disorders - period 7

general term for an infection in your urinary system
UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)
most common type of infection
Bladder infection
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UTI that involves the upper urinary system (kidneys and ureters)
When the crystals that form in the kidneys become stuck in the ureters and start to build up
Kidney Stones
includes history, physical examination (look for tenderness when pressing over the kidneys), urinalysis (excess of WBC’s and bacteria), urine culture, blood culture, CT scan, kidney ultrasound
Diagnosis of Pyelonephritis
lithotripsy (shock waves)
Treatment of Kidney Stones
Often form when the calcium levels in the blood change
Kidney Stones
Inflammation of the urethra that is normally caused by an infection by bacteria which enter from the skin around the urethra’s opening
Bacteria that cause this include: e. coli, Gonococcus, and Chlamydia trachomatis
blood in urine
The spaces in between the kidney tubules become inflamed
Interstitial Nephritis
limit salt, protein and fluid in the diet, and corticosteroids
Treatment of Interstitial Nephritis
Chronic inflammation of the bladder that causes pain and discomfort
Interstitial Cystitis
the lining in between the muscle and urine scars and the bladder becomes rigid, making it hard to expand
Interstitial Cystitis
no way to test for this, so the doctor must rule out all of the other possible causes
Diagnosis of Interstitial Cystitis
Kidneys have not been working for a while
Chronic Kidney Disease
Inherited disease (autosomal dominant) when cysts form in the kidneys, causing them to become enlarged
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Occurs in children, but is more common in adults (1 in 1,000 Americans have it)
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Associated with: aortic aneurysms, brain, aneurysms, cysts in the liver, pancreas, and testes, and diverticula of the colon
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Most common type of elimination disorder
nighttime wetting
Nocturnal Enuresis
daytime wetting
Diurnal Enuresis
repeated bed-wetting, wetting in the clothes or twice a week for three months
Symptoms of Enuresis
behavior therapy
Treatment of Enuresis

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