Exporting Hajj Organising Experiences Essay

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Introduction:

Tabung Haji Background:

Excellence of Tabung Haji in forming Hajj:

I. Investing Pilgrims Money:

II. Before Hajj Services:

a ) Basic Hajj Course:

B ) Intensive Hajj Course

degree Celsius ) Particular Hajj Course

vitamin D ) Prime Hajj Course

III. During Hajj Services:

IV. After Hajj Services:

Problems that Confronting Europe in forming Hajj:

How can Muslim Populations in Europe Benefit from TH Expertness:

i??Exporting:

i??Piggybacking:

Troubles May Face TH in Organizing Hajj for European pilgrims:

Decision:

Introduction:

Pilgrimage ( Hajj ) is the 5th pillar of Islam Pillars and it’s a responsibility of every Muslim who are able financially and physically, as Prophet Muhammad said: “Islam is built on five, testimony that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, set uping supplication, paying the zakat, fasting Ramadan, and Pilgrimage to the House for who can” . This responsibility of Islam unlike other responsibilities, it is required to done merely one time in specific topographic point and clip, that begins in Dhul Hijjah and ends in few yearss. Pilgrimage is spiritual ritual that existed before Islam, as Muslims believe that Allah imposed it on old states. Imposition of Hajj in Islam was in the 9th twelvemonth of migration and today 1000000s of people go to Mecca to execute Hajj.

The Numberss of pilgrims are increasing dramatically each twelvemonth and that require more forming from establishments that oversing this event, Tabung Haji ( TH ) is one of these establishments that forming Pilgrimage from Malaysia.

Tabung Haji Background:

Tabung Haji ( Pilgrims Fund Board ) is the premiere Islamic fiscal establishment in Malaysia. Established in 1963 on Islamic fiscal based to form and pull off Hajj activities for Muslims in Malaysia. In add-on to that it’s drama a large societal function by puting Muslims money harmonizing to Islam rules. It’s the largest Islamic fund director in Malaysia with more than $ 12 billion financess ; one of TH ends is to beef up Malaysia economic system by puting its financess and resources in the state. Depositors’ money is invested in selected and diversified portfolios to minimise the hazard and in the same clip based on purely Islamic Torahs to ensures that net incomes is free from usury “riba” and to avoid trading in forbidden merchandises.

In the early yearss, salvaging money for executing pilgrim’s journey in Malaysia was unorganised and unsystematic procedure, most people kept their money under the pillow to do certain it’s free of usury patterns. Another method to supply Hajj disbursals is by selling or mortgaging their belongingss like lands, houses or engendering animate beings. Such imprudent method will do economic agony to the pilgrims after they return from pilgrim’s journey which in its bend will take to instability and diminution in nation’s economic system.

TH purpose to supply premium Hajj services to Malayan pilgrims, its consistent and distinguishable accomplishment has gained universe acknowledgment every bit good as has served a function theoretical account of advanced hadj direction and Islamic fiscal services by most Muslim states in the universe.

TH continues to beef up its presence in both domestically and internationally market by puting in several critical sectors that compatible with Islamic rules and regulations such as Islamic finance, halal nutrient, plantation, travel services, oil and gas, building and information engineering. With a net net income of more than $ 600 million TH is able to administer satisfactory dividends yearly to its stakeholders.

With the attractive services and the advanced investing planning that designed to promote nest eggs and puting, TH gained a competitory advantage over its rivals. Today, TH has more than 8 million depositors and a web of 119 subdivisions with more than 6,000 touch-points countrywide. TH besides makes its presence globally by runing an office in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The vision of TH isThe pillar of the Ummah ‘s economic success ; Excellence in hadj management” and in their mission they pledge to beef up the state economic system, manage depositors ‘ financess in profitable and strategic activities locally and internationally to enrich it, supply first-class hadj services and assist pilgrims to finish their hadj in professional manner, and all that by hala and competitory methods.

Excellence of Tabung Haji in forming Hajj:

Thursday opened the door for hapless people to execute pilgrim’s journey while it was sole on rich people in the yesteryear, and was merely a dream for others who couldn’t bear pilgrim’s journey disbursals. Now everyone can afford the disbursals to make this holly pillar of Islam, TH runing based on economic systems of scale rule and by collect the capital for this undertaking from the stakeholders to put the money in diversified activates and bring forth net incomes to supply the necessary money for pilgrim’s journey.

The differentiation of TH is by supplying excellence Hajj services from get downing to stoping. In this subdivision we will take a expression on the services that TH is supplying:

I. Investing Pilgrims Money:

Without covering the disbursals of the trip there will be no hadj, and as we said before in early yearss people were salvaging their money by themself under their pillows to do certain it’s free of vigorish, but the job with this method that it’s take long clip and some times that individual aging without complete the sum so he sell his house or land to execute pilgrim’s journey before deceasing, and that’s all lead to stop dead and instability in the economic system of the state.

So the first service that TH provides to its clients is to put their money in Islamic undertakings and activities that suited with Islam rules. This measure has a immense consequence on both people and society ; it reduces the clip that people have to wait to execute pilgrim’s journey and besides reduces the sum that needed for pilgrim’s journey. In the same clip puting all these frozen money in critical undertakings are reviewing the economic system and decreases the unemployment rate by making occupation chances, lessening recession and rising prices rate.

II. Before Hajj Services:

For first-class hadj forming and to avoid errors and aaccidents during hajj every organiser should be cognizant that forming hadj is get downing before traveling to Mecca, and that’s what TH is making.

Before go forthing fatherland TH make certain that every pilgrim has all the necessary paperss he needs ( valid passport, visa, etc. ) , make certain that all pilgrims are healthily tantrums and that they are all took hadj inoculations, and supply counsel Services for Pilgrims to increase cognition and apprehension of hadj, addition consciousness of the existent state of affairs in pilgrim’s journey to avoid common errors and make a spiritual witting community. These counsel services divided to four classs:

a ) Basic Hajj Course:

This class is held at mosques around the state by coaction with mosque commission in Malaysia. The class faculty covers the basic cognition related to Hajj rites, health care and Hajj direction in Malaysia and in holy land.

B ) Intensive Hajj Course

The 2nd class is focus on the practical facets of the pilgrim’s journey rites and done in two yearss in the month of Rejab and Syaaban.

Merely the pilgrims can go to this class unlike the first class that can be attended by any one.

degree Celsius ) Particular Hajj Course

This class is similar to the old class with emphasiss on practical exercising of pilgrim’s journey rites in a focussed group, for the people whom didn’t understand or attend the old class.

vitamin D ) Prime Hajj Course

The concluding class to be attend is the premier hadj class and it’s held in the month of Syawal by gathers all pilgrims and supply them with fake Hajj activities such as casting of pebbles and overnight in myna ( Mabit ) .

In add-on to that they provide hajj counsel through publication, there are book of hadj, book of hadj rites, pilgrim ‘s travel usher and book of hajj inquiries and replies.

That’s what concern pilgrims and fixing them mentally and physically for hadj, but TH readying don’t halt here ; they besides developed plans for trainers and hadjs facilitator by making workshops for measuring hadj rites, intensive talks to tafaqquh ( understanding ) in hadj, intensive classs facilitators, and preparation of trainers ( TOT ) classs.

The intent of these plans is to better accomplishments and increase consciousness and cognition of the trainers and facilitators to allow them steer the pilgrims efficaciously and expeditiously earlier and during the pilgrim’s journey. Permission Letter will be given by TH to all who successfully complete these plans.

III. During Hajj Services:

The forming during hadj starts in Malayan airdrome by supplying confirmed flight tickets to pilgrims and waiting them at that place to steer them and do certain that everyone on his flight. In Jeddah and Madinah officers from TH will be waiting for the reaching of the pilgrims to steer them. All the motion in between premier locations and adjustment in the sanctum land are antecedently prepared but coaction with Saudi authorities and privet sectors, to guarantee that pilgrims have comfy transit, clean and safety suites, halal and delightful repasts, medical intervention, reding and specializer services, and if there is any decease among the pilgrims TH will pull off funeral agreement.

IV. After Hajj Services:

When the pilgrims finish their hadj TH will do certain everyone travel back to Malaysia safety, by supplying transit to the airdrome, verification tickets and pull offing the pilgrims bundles. One of the great services that TH providing is Hujjaj assembly plan that get downing from 2012 by garnering all the pilgrims after they performed pilgrim’s journey to keep and heighten the relationship built between pilgrims, maintain the spirit of brotherhood in Islam and as a platform to interchange cognition and experience after they returned to their regular life.

Problems that Confronting Europe in forming Hajj:

Harmonizing to Pew Research Center the population of Muslims in Europe in 1990 was 29.6 million and increased to 44.1 million in 2010. These Numberss expected to transcend 58 million by 2030. Moslems today account for approximately 6 % of Europe’s entire population, up from 4.1 % in 1990. By 2030, Muslims are expected to do up 8 % of Europe’s population. Muslims population in Europe is expected to turn faster than non-Muslim population, because Muslim populations have higher birthrate rates than non-Muslim, migration, age construction and sex ratios.

However, there is no coaction between Muslims organisations and Europe authoritiess to co-ordinates Muslims activities that unluckily cause losingss for both sides and considered a lost chance. There are many political and spiritual grounds for non-cooperation between these two parties but it’s non related to our topic.

Therefore, we can anticipate many jobs to confront Muslims pilgrim that will started even before he travels and continues until he return to his state. Flight reserves is one of the biggest jobs that face pilgrim non merely in Europe but in the universe, 1000s of people stack in airdromes for hours and sometimes for yearss every hadj season. Lack of ushers before and during pilgrim’s journey, and the rawness of most guiders lead to chaos during executing pilgrim’s journey.

Low adjustment degree is another job confronting European Muslims, particularly in Mina and Arafah that enforce batch of them to pass the dark out-of-doorss. Transportation systems in holy land can be critical quandary because of the Numberss of pilgrims whom traveling in the same clip and to the same location, which need old planning that evidently missing to it European organisers. The wellness attention is below outlook for most Europeans and there is deficit in materials, medical specialties and equipment’s.

Most of These jobs begin when the traveling bureau or the hajj organiser accept more pilgrims than what he can afford and transcend the Numberss that he can pull off in trusting that he can somehow happen more seats and suites for them. And here comes the demand for bigger organiser that can pull off all this pandemonium.

How can Muslim Populations in Europe Benefit from TH Expertness:

For European Muslims to get the better of pilgrim’s journey forming jobs they need to seek aid from the most professional expert in this field, who can reassign his cognition and experience to them and take them to the right path in pilgrim’s journey organizing. And who is better to play that function than TH who is consider optimum theoretical account in this field and frequently obtained the best pilgrim’s journey organiser in the universe.

In order to export this experience and competency signifier TH to Europe organisations they need to work together to accomplish positive results that will be good for both parties. To travel farther in this research we need to explicate some footings:

i?? Exporting:

Exporting is the procedure of merchandising of goods and services produced in one state to other states ( Yadong, 1999 ) . And there are two major types of exporting ; direct and indirect exportation.

i?? Piggybacking:

Piggybacking is one type of indirect exporting that used in selling and it’s a signifier of selling coaction where organisations seek to accomplish a end by allying with a competent spouse. A typical illustration is smaller houses ( rider ) that collaborate with domestic MNCs in exports ( bearer ) . Piggybacking can be used to get the better of barriers in come ining new markets as little houses can counterbalance for deficiency of resources and competences in these relationships ( Terpstra and Yu 1990 ) . This scheme allows little organisations to export with no or less investing, low hazards and startup costs, and increase the net income ( Root 1994 ) .

So for the success of this relationship we need to happen the motives for both parties and put a mechanism. The optimum scheme for this state of affairs is piggybacking because we have two organisations one of them deficiency of experience and demand counsel, while the other has experience and competency, but it’s about reached to adulthood phase and can profit of come ining new markets and spread out its activities.

The European organisations will be the riders while TH will be the bearer, TH can assist them by many ways, and since TH is a governmental establishment they can organize with Malayan air hose to hold flight from Europe to Saudi during pilgrim’s journey season or they can set up flights from other air hoses that they have good relation with. Since pilgrims geting in different times its will do it easier to pick them up from the airdrome and reassign them to their adjustment with the same materials and transits that they use for Malaysians pilgrims. Besides TH can increase the Numberss of room’s reserved in Mecca, Mina and Arafah to host European Muslims since they have good relationships with belongings proprietors and supply better repasts and services. Before pilgrim’s journey, ushers and advices can be provided by directing trainers to Europe, directing books about pilgrim’s journey and there are besides e-books that can be translated to many linguistic communications, adviser and trainers that been trained by TH will attach to the European pilgrims all the clip during pilgrim’s journey to supply consulting and reding. The Health attention like medical specialties and medical equipment can be shared between Malaysian Healthcare and European.

In return TH will increase its customer’s base and enter to a new market that contain 1000000s of Muslims and as the statistics showed its uninterrupted growth, TH can besides spread out its activities to Europe by offers Halal merchandises and put in Muslim market. In add-on to all that TH will raise its repute in the universe.

Troubles May Face TH in Organizing Hajj for European pilgrims:

  • Differences in cultural and traditions between Europe and Malaysia.
  • Eating wonts and culinary art of Malaysian may non accommodate European.
  • Communication will be hard because European speak in more than one linguistic communication.
  • The outlook for European will be higher than Malayan people in adjustment, service quality and health care because they have a higher criterion of life.

For that TH have to better and diversify its services to supply higher quality services that fits with European criterions by analyzing their life manner and demands.

Decision:

Pilgrimage is one of the most of import spiritual worship in Islam and bulk of Muslims execute it at least one time in life, and considered as a life trip. Since it limited in specific clip and location, organisers confronting hard jobs in forming this large event and here it comes the function of experience and competency to ease it. When we are speaking about experience in pilgrim’s journey forming we can’t assist but speak about TH and how they could alter the unorganised pilgrim’s journey in Malaysia to go a theoretical account in this field. To export this experience and competency to other states that suffers during pilgrim’s journey season like Europe, TH need to intensive its attempts and spread out its activities to other states, by custom-make its services to do certain its suit its new clients.

Mentions:

Root, F. R. ( 1994 ) . Entry schemes for international markets. Published by Jossey-Bass. A Wiley Imprint. San Francisco.

Terpstra, V. and Yu, C-M. J. ( 1990 ) . Piggybacking: A speedy route to internationalisation. International Marketing Review, 7 ( 4 ) , p. 52-62

Yadong, L. ( 1999 ) , Entry and Cooperative Strategies in International Business Expansion Age, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 978-1-56720-161-1

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.tabunghaji.gov.my/

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.pewresearch.org/

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