Facsimile or fax Essay

Chapter 1

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Research overview

Facsimile or facsimile like one would normally name it ; is a telecommunication engineering capable of reassigning paperss transcripts over telephone web. It one time took the concern ‘s universe by storm is now heading to extinction. It is non the faxing method that is to extinct ; but the telephone networking is. An parallel system seems to be antiquated in a universe where digital seems to govern everything. Internet has enabled the facsimiling method in a new and better manner. The engineering used is good known as Computer-Telephony Integration ( CTI ) . It plays an of import function in installation of interworking cyberspace and the telephone web. A waiter known as facsimile waiter received and stored incoming facsimiles electronically before routing them via an electronic mail. The traditional method sending facsimiles are utilizing fax machine over phone line before making to another facsimile machine. However, by using CTI engineering, it has change the tendency and creates a new development of facsimile services, facsimiling through cyberspace which is paperless and this communicating method able integrate with electronic mail to further extent it to worldwide.

An extensive of such engineering leads to many facsimiles server development. In this survey, a development of a waiter that enables a smart phone to direct a facsimile is studied. The developed waiter is divided into three subdivisions: interface and database, facsimile waiter and besides web server. Each of these subdivisions complements each other so that they sort of have an internal nexus with one another doing the sending and recovering the facsimiles possible. In another word, facsimile waiter will have upload image from user ‘s facsimile device and shop it in database, in order to demo in cyberspace, web server will pull out images from same database. All of this affecting proficient authorship server side scheduling and client side scheduling. Some illustrations of server side scheduling are CGI, PHP, ASP, Perl and etc. The accomplishments that are frequently required in client side are XHTML, JavaScript, Java, Flash and etc.

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In brief, the processs of uploading a facsimile in this survey can be describes as such: for a first user, an history under his/her name is set up in the facsimile waiter web site, while for a return user can login under the created history. After login, the figure of the receiver is called, followed by the user ‘s ID and PIN characters. The facsimile is so sent and will be automatically uploaded to the Internet. One user is merely allocated with one web site reference merely, so each clip he/she sends a new facsimile papers, the old image of the facsimile papers will be replace automatically.

The developed facsimile waiter is created with two computing machine linguistic communications: Hyper Text Markup Language ( HTML ) and Structured Query Language ( SQL ) . The developed waiter allowed history care through PIN, reference, email reference, province and facsimile sing website reference alterations. One should bear in head that the subdirectory to the chief reference of the facsimile sing website must be alone as it can non be duplicated.

In short, Internet has revolutionised the facsimiling method to a great extent. Without holding a computing machine, it enables user to direct any information from nomadic phone from anyplace at any clip provided that there should be telecommunication web alternatively of an internet entree. The retrieving facsimiles are done by web site.

1.2 Mission

The mission of this undertaking is to make history for user to make facsimile enrollment follow by facsimile image show on the cyberspace.

1.3 Aims

The aims for this undertaking are described as follows:

  1. To make a web page for user sharing information
  2. To put up a facsimile history for facsimile enrollment
  3. To pull out image from database waiter automatically

1.4 Gantt Chart











Title Choosing

Group Meeting 1

Research Survey

Group Meeting 2

Assignment 3

Group Meeting 3

Beginning Code Writing

Group Meeting 4

Assignment 4

Group Meeting 5

Assignment 5

Group Meeting 6

Assignment 6

Report Writing

Finalize Report

Submit study

Undertaking presentation


Undertaking completed

Ongoing undertaking

Chapter 2

2.0 Literature reappraisal

2.1 Introduction

Personal computing machine autotype ( PC facsimile ) is a engineering available to let facsimile transmittals to be routed to or from the difficult thrust of a personal computing machine 1. This may be convenient if a difficult transcript is non needed of the facsimile transmittal, or if document storage in the office is handled chiefly on the Personal computer. However, in this undertaking, remote database uploading utilizing nomadic phone is interested. In this engineering, the intended autotype transmittals can be routed through the smart phone.

2.2 Introduction to internet and fax

Internet can be defined as a computing machine web which provides information services, resource sharing services to big figure of users worldwide. Besides that, Internet has become a ‘global information library ‘ which allows the user to take part in the group treatment, hunt for any information, starts any treatment with others and so on. 1 Any information in the Internet will be spread quickly and widely and hence, Internet has the possible to be an advertisement platform.

Internet is a planetary, concerted aggregation of over 500 000 Internet spheres crossing 83 states and associating over 12 million host computing machines. The Internet supports legion services ; including electronic mail, file transportation, facsimile messaging, conferencing, bulletin boards, remote computing machine entree, hunt engines, electronic shopfronts, electronic shopping, EDI and many more 1. With the broad coverage over the universe and assorted types use, the rapid grow of Internet user is believed.

On the other manus, facsimile is short for autotype ; is a telephonic transmittal of a scanned-in printed stuff sent to a telephone figure associated with a pressman or other end product device. It is a utile tool to direct and have information. The singularity of autotype is the ability to double the original papers and direct it to another topographic point that is connected by telephone overseas telegram. If in the yesteryear, a facsimile machine was used to scan and transmit paperss through an parallel phone line, today it is taken over by the cyberspace.

2.3 Introduction to internet faxing

Internet faxing is fundamentally a facsimile engineering that integrates two of the most popular nineteenth and 20th century ‘s innovations: personal computing machine and facsimile. This engineering is accomplished utilizing computer-telephony integrating ( CTI ) . CTI, sometimes referred to merely as telephone, promises to associate computing machines and telephones for enhanced productiveness and is to a great extent hyped as a fast-rising engineering.

Apart, from supplying new and inexpensive manner of directing facsimiles, cyberspace besides has the ability of airing one facsimile to many or multiple references. Internet facsimiling besides gives users a kind of confidentiality or security in footings of the familial paperss, really efficient for a long distance faxing and it was proved to be low cost.

Even though the cyberspace faxing is still anew to some people, but through proper publicity and advertisement, the liking to this new manner of faxing can be instil. Internet facsimiling allow users to direct and have facsimiles from anyplace at any clip that users can acquire internet entree as these facsimiles are attached as image format. By far, the greatest accomplishment by facsimiling through cyberspace is the debut to a paperless construct which in a manner contributed to a greener Earth.

With the advantages of cyberspace faxing as mentioned above, today, many fax-related cyberspaces are created.AA They are including the facsimile over Internet, e-mail to facsimile and net to facsimile 8.AA The facsimile over internet consist of a few facsimiles machine that interaction between them utilizing cyberspace. For illustration, the user may reassign the message from one facsimile machine to another facsimile machine over cyberspace that through the telephone web. This accounts is proven by the 9 that done the research in planing of an cyberspace facsimile and voice gateway in order to do the voice and facsimile communicating at the same time over the Internet. Therefore, it gives solution to user communicates around the universe with the set telephone and facsimile machines.

While for E-mail to facsimile system, it ‘s dwelling of user computing machine and facsimile gateway that connected to the facsimile machine through telephone web. Therefore, the systems will be leting the user to direct the message to a facsimile machine through the e-mail system. As done by 10. They design a new system which incorporating with the MIME ( multipurpose cyberspace chief extensions ) in order to carry through requirement multimedia messaging. One of the belongingss this system is supplying crystalline turn toing between autotypes and electronic mail.

For web to facsimile system, it is allows computing machine user to direct facsimile messages to facsimile user through the cyberspace. Basically, this system usage Web waiter that stored all the informations facsimile user after the user fill the signifiers specified in web page earlier deliver to the facsimile machine. As proven by that made one research sing the web-based facsimile waiter that application at endorser. This research represents the system architecture and package for facsimile waiter. The facsimile waiter will be sends and receives fax paperss and publish to cyberspaces which become really utile non merely for place client but besides to client that involve in concern.

2.4 Internet facsimiling benefits

The virtues of cyberspace faxing are listed as follow:

2.4.1 Reduce fiscal cost

In order to let users from different locations to interchange facsimile paperss without the high costs associated with international toll charges, a protocol, Adaptive Internet Fax Protocol ( AIFP ) which provides a basic model for cyberspace facsimile transmittal was used. The design has taken into history several characteristics of Quality of Service ( QoS ) which include immediate bringing, bringing verification and losing informations re-transmission. It aims to be a fast and inexpensive protocol. This is because, at a lower limit, international and long-distance charges can be changed into local charges. Equally, when telephone maps are integrated into IP webs, the substructure cost for a public switched telephone web ( PSTN ) line will be unusually reduced, altering an international call to a local call.

2.4.2 Improve communicating velocity

LAN/WAN internet-based transmittal velocities can be 20 times faster than dialup PSTN G3 autotype. Furthermore, cyberspace engineering improves dramatically every twelvemonth, so internet facsimiling automatically derives the ensuing benefits in public presentation.

2.4.3 Improve Communication dependability

G3 PSTN communicating basically relies on a individual proficient way between the transmitter and the receiving system during transmittal. The cyberspace automatically adapts to dropped lines, transparently exchanging to jump waies with no important consequence on the transmittal, thereby supplying a much more robust transmittal environment.

2.4.4 Organizational Safety

The Store-and-Forward ( S/F ) method of cyberspace facsimiling utilizations e-mail for its base protocols, so there is no demand to alter the firewall constellation that provides flexible solutions for current IP networking. Any menaces posed by cyberspace faxing are tantamount to those posed by authoritative electronic mail, and so are decently handled by bing electronic mail protection mechanisms.

2.4.5 Seamlessly interoperate with other cyberspace users

Because cyberspace faxing is a profile of internet mail, there can be direct exchange between cyberspace facsimiling devices and authoritative cyberspace hosts. This joins two huge user communities together and besides provides a passage way for users of autotype who are following electronic mail as an option.

2.5 Issues on cyberspace faxing

Data security can be leaked at two degrees – over the wire and at the receiver terminal. This is a serious issue particularly for big organisations and concerns. An encoding of the informations can be done by utilizing Salsa20, as this method provided a secret key to the receiving system and merely the individual with the correct fiting cardinal can decode the papers. In footings of the cost, it is a onerous fiscal for a little concerns and place use, as buying a individual facsimile machine is considered to be non merely dearly-won but infinite consuming. And by facsimiling through a computing machine, non merely it makes a paperless office but besides creates a practical office environment. Plus it reduces the figure of inward parallel phone lines needed by little offices. Efficiency is achieved as the International Telecommunications Union ( ITU ) developed two different criterions for facsimile over internal protocol ( FoIP ) . The first criterion implies a store-and-forward faxing where the facsimile papers is delivered as an electronic mail fond regard and the 2nd criterion applies the existent clip bringing of FoIP. The latter criterion requires the computing machine to ever be on in order to have facsimile paperss which may get at any clip.AA

2.6 Background survey

A plan had been developed by Syed Abdul Rahman et al. on utilizing facsimile device as the uploading tool to upload database into the cyberspace remotely and automatically. The name of the plan was called FaxNetView. The FaxNetView focused on doubling the original papers on the client side and exposing its contents straight under the cyberspace. The plan was written utilizing Hyper Text Markup Language ( HTML ) , C Language and Structured Query Language ( SQL ) and it was meant to profit the people who wish to upload WWW pages into the cyberspace without the demand of utilizing a personal computing machine.

In another undertaking, C.M. Huang et Al. created a plan called FaxWeb. Based on the FaxWeb system, users, who do non hold computing machines or who do non hold the capableness of utilizing computing machines, can entree WWW services utilizing fax machines. The end of the FaxWeb system is double. One is to allow users to follow fax machines as the end product devices for accessing WWW services. In this manner, an alternate attack is provided for users to entree the WWW. The other is to shop the WWW infinite without utilizing any ocular interface. Users still can shop web pages in the WWW infinite without “seeing” the embedded hyperlinks.


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