My research proposal is traveling to be about the research of the thesis of my maestro grade that we have to get down to compose in this semester. My thesis is traveling to analyse an English company that operates in three subdivisions, in the air power, in the touristry and in the logistics and distribution industry. The Dart Group Plc is specialising in “ the operation of scheduled and charter flights by Jet2.com to leisure finishs throughout Europe ; the proviso of ATOL protected bundle vacations by its circuit operator Jet2holidays, and the distribution of fresh green goods, temperature-controlled, and ambient merchandises to supermarkets and sweeping markets throughout the United Kingdom. ( DART GROUP PLC, 2013 ) . So it can be interesting to see in the terminal my undertaking that how the fiscal statements relate to the corporate competitory place. I besides would wish to reason the effects of the determinations during the operating, investing and fiscal activities. I am traveling to happen relevancy strategic investings and I will analyse and measure them in a critical point of view. The company has fudging minutess and dealing exposure activities and I would wish to happen out the affect of them on the corporate value. The company ‘ gross comes from the leisure air hose in 67 % , from the bundle vacation in 16 % and 17 % from the logistics, so chiefly I am traveling to compose about the air power industry as the monetary values of bundle vacations besides includes the air transit in their offers.
I chose this subject the fiscal analysis because I am interested in accounting and finance instead than marketing or direction. I like analysing Numberss and measuring facts, be aftering for the hereafter. From these I besides prefer look intoing and researching in banking and fiscal subject than accounting which is more like a drone work. I decided to take a company from the air power industry because I have already done some selling research about the company and besides did a research in the air hoses industry on the E-Business category. In this instance I chose the Dart Group Plc. because I spend batch of clip in England and most of the clip I fly with Jet2.com which has a really friendly service, they are dependable and they ever keep clip. One of their rivals is Ryanair which I do non truly prefer because I do non happen them as safe and comfy as Jet2.com. When I decided on the company I looked into the company ‘s history and found out that it is really operated by another company, the Dart Group and they have other industry they work in. I knew approximately Jet2holidays as I besides flew with a plane subscribed with the logo but did non cognize that they really separated in the operations.
The Group operates in a capital and labour intensive industry, has high fixed cost and really low return on investings. The industry has many concern hazards, e.g. financial- high debt-equity ratio hazard, market hazards that can non be diversified and company specific hazards ( Dempsey 2008 ) . Company is worth the attempt to analyse, as the industry became truly competitory and after the fiscal crisis some of the large air hoses went insolvent for illustration MALEV, the Magyar National Airline. I am funny how the smaller companies, like Jet2.com operated by DART GROUP could last with really less mobs and smaller rider figure how they can better their scheme in this intense environment and how the logistic subdivision could besides maintain its dickering power with other rivals. The air power industry is acquiring bigger and bigger, and more people try to utilize the low cost air hoses as it is safer and faster than other options and cheaper than the bigger national air hoses. Small alterations in the scheme can go forth to a successful operation which can ensue a competitory advantage for the company.
I am traveling to measure the strategic determination doing under uncertainness and its consequence on stockholder value, contrast procedures which are value making and those which are destructing value, explain and face the diverseness of capital construction theories, asses coincident and subsequent investing actions and simulate capacity and monetary value games in strategic investings, relate fudging to debt capacity. It is of import to happen the relationship scheme and fiscal ratios, value drivers and Free Cash Flow to Firm constituents. For the strategic position I am traveling to utilize Porter 5 forces ‘ theoretical account that analyzes the micro environment of the house and gives a elaborate apprehension and rating of the forces that helps to mensurate the direct strategic competition. Harmonizing to Porter the five forces are: the purchaser and provider bargaining power, menace of entry, industry fight and menace of replacements of merchandises and services ( Dr. Rooz, 2006 ) . Every company has to place its cardinal value drivers that are really of import in term of the competitory advantage. A value driver can be a sustainable cost or quality that can make competitory advantage through a alone operation. These drivers, grosss, cost, all things that can make value for the company based on the client demands have to addressed, managed and measured exactly and the company can be successful ( Helfert 2001 ) . Free Cash Flow to Firm is a basic hard currency flow rating technique that helps to set up the value of the house. “ It is the net sum of the reported net income, adjusted for depreciation, depletion, and other noncash accounting elements, less net new investing in installations and net acquisitions, and plus or minus alterations in working capital ” ( Helfert 2001, p.115 ) . In instance of a company rating I besides have to happen and analyse the relationship between the scheme and the basic EVA ( Economic Value Added ) and adjusted EVA. The EVA means the difference between the net operating net income after revenue enhancements and the cost of capital times the net operating assets employed. The EVA shows if the company is making or destructing value in a fiscal twelvemonth ( Nthoesane 2012 ) . Cardinal value of the corporate stock is traveling to be mentioned that is determined as the present value of the company ‘s dividends in the hereafter based on present information. Analyzing the connexion between company ‘s Numberss and its cardinal value can be interesting non merely for research workers but practicians every bit good ( Fung et. Al. 2010 ) . The antecedently mentioned research workers and practicians are besides interested in which stock option impact the quality of the equity market and stockholder involvement ( Naiker et. Al. 2013 ) . Different existent option types are traveling to be identified at the company as corporate undertaking as good. The option means a contractual chance to purchase or sell an plus at a preset monetary value without the duty of making it, while the existent option is an investing of non-financial assets, an investing into physical assets, human resources and accomplishments that gives chance but non duty in the hereafter. The chief ground for utilizing existent option is to assist the direction to make a strategic vision. The most common types of options are the growing and the postponement option. In my thesis I am besides traveling do a difference between existent options and discounted hard currency flow and game theoretic techniques to value both the company and its undertakings. Even the DCF techniques e.g. net present value computations have restrictions, the existent option methods are able to give a more accurate rating of the investing ( Baker 2011 ) . Most of the research workers suggest utilizing the existent options for capital budgeting determinations, to assist the directors ‘ determinations at the company ( Trigerorgis 1993, Borison 2005 ) . I will besides sum up the monetary value and capacity games in the industry to back up their consequence on portion monetary value. It is of import to measure capital construction determinations utilizing operating net income attack, WACC ( Weighed Average Cost of Capital ) theoretical account, return differential methods, and industrial attack to prove their impact on corporate value. WACC is the mean cost of the company ‘s equity and debt finance beginning, it is included the needed rate of return on the investing and the involvement rates of the external beginnings and besides the corporate revenue enhancements. The WACC is used for ciphering the feasibleness of undertakings and enlargements investings ( Pierru et. Al. 2010 ) . I would wish to besides advert the foreign currency minutess as the Dart Group Plc besides buys and sells and operate in other currencies and fudging can extenuate hazards and currency fluctuation ( Helfert 2001 ) . The company uses different hedge policies that are traveling to be evaluated every bit good.
So the rubric of the paper will be Financial and Competitive Analysis of the Dart Group Plc. As the thesis has to incorporate research inquiries and hypothesis I would wish to turn to them in this portion. As I already looked at the Numberss and the one-year study of the company I found some interesting things. Of Course every one-year study has to demo the company is in the best form to hold a good bargaining power and so on, but the Numberss sometimes showed me a different image.
H1: The Company had serious fiscal jobs in the fiscal crisis and they were close to travel bankrupt.
Q1: How the company can last the crisis and pay back all of its debt and still do net income?
Q2: How is the liquidness state of affairs now? Are still threatened by the affect of the crisis?
Q3: What scheme they used to work out the jobs?
Q4: How Dart Group Plc. manage to execute in the two different industries?
Q5: What is the relationship between the scheme and the fiscal ratios at Dart Group Plc?
Q6: What is the relationship between the scheme and the basic EVA at Dart Group Plc?
Q7: What is the relationship between the DCF and the existent options at Dart Group Plc?
The thesis is traveling to include two subdivisions, theoretical and besides empirical so I have to make theoretical and empirical research every bit good. To look into both parts I will utilize explorative research. The theoretical research is traveling to be based on roll uping and analysing secondary informations, books and instance surveies from the library of university. This portion will include all my theoretical background, definitions based on documental and secondary informations research that the reader needs to cognize about the subject to clearly understand it. My research will incorporate qualitative and besides quantitative aggregation of the statistics and surveies of this field. The other portion is traveling to incorporate all my analysis in an excel tabular array based on all the informations I can roll up from the one-year studies. I will non be able to do any interviews as my company is a British house, but I would wish to happen statistics of success of the houses and the satisfaction of the clients so my questionnaires will be secondary as good.
Content and construction
The construction of the thesis is quiet similar to every other assignments. It starts with two screens, one can be the difficult binding of the thesis and one for interior and this will be followed by the tabular array of contents. The following portion is the debut that will depict the subject choice, province the hypotheses and it is really a drumhead, description of the whole work. The literature reappraisal is traveling to demo the most indispensable stuffs that are used for the informations aggregation, all theoretical and empirical backgrounds. The chapters are traveling to include a theoretical and an empirical portion. First I am traveling to discourse the backgrounds of each subject and analyse the company in that facet. The 2nd chapter will demo the relationship between the scheme and the fiscal ratios. The 3rd chapter will be about the relationship between scheme and basic EVA, adjusted EVA and cardinal value of the corporate stock. The Forth chapter will place the corporate undertakings as different existent option types at the same company and sum up monetary value and capacity games in the industry to back up their consequence on portion monetary value. The 5th chapter will measure and explicate the hedge policy of the Dart Group Plc. and eventually the last chapter will be the decision and the treatment of my findings and effects.
The timescale of the thesis will be nine month as I am traveling to get down it fundamentally now, composing the research proposal which helps to compose the debut and the methods I am traveling to utilize. So the start will be March and every bit far as I know we will hold to complete until the terminal of November or beginning of December. I am traveling to roll up informations and analyze from secondary beginnings until June and I would wish to get down to compose the theoretical portion in the summer. As my clip will let I would wish to compose the empirical research portion, the analysis of the company besides in the summer but complete it in September, center of October, as I will hold categories that I have to concentrate on every bit good. I will besides confer with with my instructor in this semester and from September once more and we can discourse the farther duties. I will reason, finalise and make the formal redaction in the last month, in November.