first powerpoint

Term Definition
Name the zones from closest to shore to the deep ocean. littoral (surf to 30m), Neritic (above continental shelf to 60m), Oceanic
What type of bonds are water molecules? Hydrogen bonds
density increases with decreases in temperature Anomalous behavior
Dissolved inorganics, gases, and inorganic compounds make up this type of water. Sea water
Oxygen Concentration vs Temperature the higher the oxygen, the cooler the water
The pH of saltwater is typically around 7.5-8.4
Anthropogenic means… caused by humans
What colors are absorbed by the ocean? (from closest to the surface to deep down) red, yellow, green, blue
A rapid change in temperature occurs here thermocline
Change in temperature across the thermocline produces a dramatic increase in density- pycnocline
_____ have permanent thermocline, ______ has no thermocline, and _____ has seasonal thermocline tropics, polar, temperate
If nutrients are depleted in shallow water this limits ____. photosynthesis
wind stress results in offshore movement of surface waters which are replaced by deeper, colder water Coastal Upwelling
Equatorial Current and Equatorial Counter current run in opposite directions which causes surface waters to diverge and be replaced by deeper water Equatorial Upwelling

produced by winds– cold water sinking under warmer water

Coastal Downwelling
is a large system of circular ocean currents formed by global wind patterns and forces created by Earth's rotation Ocean Gyres

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