flashcards

Term Definition
Parent cell A cell that is the source of other cells, as a cell that divides to produce two or more daughter cells.
Double Helix shape of DNA, looks like a twisted ladder
Meiosis A series of stages in the cell cycle of a germ (sex) cell in which the parent cell divides into 4 new daughter cells that are NOT identical to the parent cell.
Somatic cells Any cell of a sexually reproducing organism that is not a germ cell. Also called a BODY cell.
Cell Cycle The series of events involving the growth, replication, and division of a cell.
Daughter cell Either of the two (or 4) cells formed when a cell undergoes cell division by mitosis (or meiosis).
reproduction The process by which organisms sexually or asexually generate new individuals of the same kind
Germ cells The reproductive cell of any sexually reproducing organism Also called a SEX cell.
chromatin one of a pair of duplicated chromosome
Mitosis A series of stages in the cell cycle of a somatic (body) cell in which the parent cell divides into 2 new daughter cells that are identical to the parent cell.

gene

Hereditary Unit

Cell division The process by which a cell, called a parent cell, divides to form either 2 or 4 daughter cells.
Interphase The first stage in the cell cycle in which the cell grows and the DNA replicates (makes a copy of itself).
centromere where chromatins are joined in a duplicated chromosome
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