Functions of Management Jennifer Byrd August 30, 2010 MGT/330 Don Driscoll Functions of Management Managers in organizations are responsible for working with subordinates and resources of the organization to accomplish goals within. The functions of management consist of four different processes at different levels within the organization. Each level of management delegates duties to the lower level to ensure subordinates are accomplishing goals effectively and efficiently.
The four functions of management include planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Most organizations consider the functions of management as the fundamental management principles. The functions of the principles evolve as the business world rapidly changes making each function more adaptable. The functions of management define the process of management as distinct from accounting, finance, marketing, and other business functions and provide a useful way of classifying information about management (Encyclopedia for Business, 2010). Planning
Planning as a managerial function requires specifying and setting goals to achieve and determining the steps in which to take to complete these goals. During the planning process, managers must make themselves aware of any economic conditions that may affect the future of the organization. The planning process consists of various types of planning such as strategic, tactical, and operational. Strategic planning involves critically examining the potential threats of competitors, analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the organization as well as developing a plan to remain competitive.
Tactical planning involves implementing the strategic plan of higher level management. Operational planning involves actions to promote the strategic and tactical planning and defines in detail ways to achieve the goals of the strategic and tactical plans. Organizing Organizing as a managerial function requires generating a plan of action to layout the structure of the organization. Organizing includes the human, financial, physical, and informational resources of the organization. The structure of an organization explains the chain of command within the organization.
Organizing also includes job specifications and the duties and responsibilities of each job as well as breaking in job specification into departments or teams. Leading Leading as a managerial function requires managers to complete specific goals effectively and efficiently. Leading promotes goodwill within employees and motivating employees to perform at their highest potential while improving the morale of the individuals. Leading involves managers learning the work habits and personalities of the subordinates. Leading requires management to have the necessary communication skills to effectively communicate with subordinates.
Controlling Controlling as a managerial function requires managers to monitor the performance of subordinates and make any changes to ensure the completion of tasks effectively and efficiently. Controlling involves managers overseeing subordinates while completing tasks while delegating duties. Controlling also requires managers to encourage subordinates to meet deadlines, increase turnaround time, use resources efficiently, and implementing all safety guidelines while performing the tasks. The functions of management in my organization are planning, leading, controlling, and organizing.
The plant manager of my organization is responsible for planning the specific goals of the organization to reach. He is responsible for determining how many employees are necessary to complete the organizational goals of the company. Each manager of the company reports directly to him to give a report on the progress of each department as well as any issues that may arise. The plant manager is the highest level of management in the organization. The manager of quality is responsible for organizing the goals in which the plant manager implements.
He is responsible for overseeing each department in regards to meeting the specifications of the customer, organizing work to satisfy customer demand and ensure the safety of all subordinates and lower level managers. He is also responsible for organizing workload and implementing quality policies within the organization. The managers of each department are responsible for leading lower level managers and subordinates and motivating them to perform the tasks of higher level management. Leading managers implement quality policies, and the overall productivity of the department.
The lowest level managers are responsible for controlling of each department. They ensure day to day activities are being performed such as calibration of equipment, equipment repair; productivity times are efficient and keeping subordinates highly motivated. Controlling managers of my organization create rapport with the subordinates while leading by example. The management functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling are widely considered to be the best means of describing the manager’s job as well as the best way to classify accumulated knowledge about the study of management (Encyclopedia for Business, 2010).
Being a manager has its rewards and disadvantages. The disadvantages of being a manager are not following the basic principles to being an effective manager and not being able to carry out the functions of management. Another disadvantage of management is not being able to please all subordinates which may cause problems within the organization and create unhappy, hostile employees.
Some rewards of being a manager are creating an environment that allows subordinates to do their best work, providing opportunities to think creatively, helping others find meaning and fulfillment and meeting and working with a variety of people (Coulter, 2002). References Coulter, R. (2002). Introduction to Management and Organizations [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://www. personal. kent. edu/~mhogue/Pof%20Management. htm Reference for Business. (2010). Encyclopedia of Business. Management Functions (2nd ed. ). Retrieved from http://www. referenceforbusiness. com/management/Log-Mar/Management-Functions. html