Haut Gap Middle PASS Championship

Term Definition
Fish Are cold-blooded (ectothermic); obtain dissolved oxygen in water through gills; most lay eggs; have scales; have fins; and live in water.
Amphibians "Are cold-blooded (ectothermic); most can breathe in water with gills as young, and breathe on land with lungs as adults; go through metamorphosis; lay jelly-like eggs"
Reptiles ,"Are cold-blooded (ectothermic); breathe with lungs; most lay eggs, although in some the eggs hatch inside the female; and have scales or plates."
Birds "Are warm-blooded (endothermic); breathe with lungs; lay eggs; have feathers; and have a beak, two wings, and two feet.
Mammals Are warm-blooded (endothermic); breathe with lungs; most have babies that are born live; have fur or hair; and produce milk to feed their young.
Sponges Very simple animals that have many pores (holes) through which water flows.
Segmented Worms Have long tube-like bodies that are divided into segments. They are the simplest organisms with a true nervous system and blood contained in vessels.
Echinoderms Have arms that extend from the middle body outwards. They have tube feet that take in oxygen from the water and spines.
Mollusks Have soft bodies; most have a thick muscular foot for movement or to open and close their shells
Arthropods "Have jointed legs, segmented bodies, and some have wings. They have hard outer coverings called exoskeletons. They obtain oxygen from the air through gills or air tubes.
Behavior A complex set of responses to stimuli
Hibernation A state of greatly reduced body activity, used to conserve food stored in the body.
Migration The movement of animals from one place to another in response to seasonal changes. They travel to other places where food is available.
Camouflage Some animals have protective coloration to survive changes in its environment.
Stingers Wasps and bees use this for protection when frightened or threatened.
Mimicry Allows for an animal to hide or warn a predator
Plants are normally divided into two groups: vascular and nonvascular.
Genus is used as the first word in an organism’s scientific name
Organisms are placed into kingdoms based on their ability to make food and the number of cells in their body.
kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species The levels of classification
Autotrophs Make their own food
Heterotrophs Eat each other for food
Vertabrates Have a backbone
Invertabrates Do not have a backbone
endothermic warm blooded
ectothermic cold blooded
Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya The names of the 3 Domains
Prokaryotic No nucleus
Eukaryotic Has a nucleus
Animalia Kingdom that includes animals
Plantae Kingdom that includes plants
Prokaryotic No nucleus
Eukaryotic Has a nucleusExperiment An activity that is planned and designed to test a hypothesis
Controlled Experiment An experiment with controlled variables to make results fair and valid.
Hypothesis An educated guess about a problem that can be tested
Prediction Statement about what might happen before it does
Inference A logical explanation of an observation
Observations A record of information using senses or tools
Qualitative Observations Observations using senses and descriptions
Quantitative Observations Observations containing measurements

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