church of England. He was the son of
King Henry VII he influenced the character of the English monarchy.
Henry was born in London on June 28, 1491 and his dad died in
1509 henry married his brothers widow Catherine of Aragon. This was
the first of his six marriages. Henry was a good looking man and was an
In 1511 henry Joined in the holy league against France, and in
1513 he led the English forces through a victorious campaign in
northern France. In 1514 he arranged a marriage between his sister
Mary and Louis XII of France, they formed an alliance. In 1525 riots
broke out in England in protest against an attempt by henry to levy
taxes for military purposes.
In 1527 henry announced his desire to divorce his wife. The
reason they divorced was that he thought she could not have a boy.
Her only surviving child was Mary. henry was in love with Anne Boleyn a
young beautiful lady waiting to be queen. Holy roman emperor Charles
V, Catherine’s nephew, strongly opposed the divorce, and pope Clement
VII, who Charles had made a prisoner, could not disprove the marriage
without displeasing his captor. In 1529, the pope released the case to
Rome. When the prospect of securing a papal annulment seemed
hopeless, Henry dismissed Wolsey and appointed Sir Thomas More.
In 1532 Henry married secretly married Anne Boylen, who was
crowned queen after Thomas Cranmer, declared the marriage with
Catherine void and that with Anne valid.
Although Henry was immediately excommunicated, he repudiated
papel jurisdiction in 1534 and made himself the supreme ecclesiastical
authority in England. The English people were required to affirm under
oath Henry’s supremacy and the act of succession. Sir Thomas More
and John Fisher were executed for refusing to accept the religious
supremacy of the English monarchy.
In 1536, after charging Anne Bolyen with incest and adultery,
Henry had her executed. A few days after Anne’s death Henry
remarried. he married Jane Seymour, she died in 1537after having
Henry’s only son named Edward later Edward VI. Henry divorced Anne
and married Catherine Howard she was executed in 1542 for
committing adultery in her past marriage. In the following year Henry
married his six wife Catherine Parr, she survived him.
The successive Tudor sovereigns were Henry VIII and his son
and two daughters, Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I; The three
died without having kids. The Tudors reunited the country after a
period of civil strife and made the English church independent of the
pope. They were followed in royal succession by the Stuart family