0212113 Holistic Biographical Narrative of a child. Introduction: In this essay I will be discussing about the observation of a nine month old baby girl called Sarah, who lives with her mother and father in a private home in East London. Her two parents are from different races but were both born in United Kingdom. During the observation Sarah’s mother used very different method to take care of her child. How it was assessed and observed the role her mother placed during the observation. Discussing the child`s physical development, cognitive development, Language development social and emotional development.
Behaviour and goals achieved when observing the child. General outcome found and what was learnt, changes activities, improvement and parent relationship with the child and children in general. Factors affecting children’s behaviour: Quite often the way the child behaves reflects how they feel about themselves or what is happening in their lives. A change in a child’s behaviour can indicate a change in their circumstances and this is why it is important to exchange information with their parent/s. Occasionally a change in a child’s behaviour such as attitude and picking up children’s toys may mean the child is not being looked after properly.
Thompson (1991) referred to as a theory of personal emotion. Thompson mentioned few important issues like social learning theory suggests that children learn from watching these around them, particularly their parents/carer mother later in life. Development: Sarah`s mental development: Sarah is now familiar with her surroundings an now during the longer periods when she is awake; she begins to show an interest in the objects and increasing which to indicate with those around her. At Sarah`s she smiles towards herself, her mother, and crawling around picking up toys while responding to their sounds and talking with her mother.
Sarah recognises what she is doing and demonstrates in body language. Sarah wriggles with excitement when she recognises that somebody she loves comes into the room. Sarah is beginning to giggle with pleasure and squeals with delightful attitude during her observation in the carpet area. Sarah enjoys imitating any noises she makes, in a pretend conversation. The observer said to Sarah`s mother do not feel embarrassed or self-conscious about talking to your daughter. Physical development: Sarah`s vision has improved and she should now be able to focus clearly on any object and even people living together in her flat.
Sarah`s hearing is becoming more accurate, not only can she recognise voices and the voice of her parents, she is also beginning to recognise the regular sounds in her life. She might know the radio or the sound of visitors playing around in her home. Sarah begins to use her hands to express herself such as squeezing them when she is crying. Sarah’s hands are open a lot of times and she is learning to pick toys, although it will be difficult for her to grab objects effectively. Sarah’s mother allows her to grab her hand and to take a little off its weight if her mother pulls away.
Sarah is able to focus on small objects and those need to be kept out of her way. Sarah mother said that her muscles neck and hand body are considerably stronger than at birth which means Sarah has developed more and changed in growth. However she will still need to be supported and handled appropriately when making her movements in crawling and the degrees in standing too. Sarah enjoys straightening her legs to allow her to stand for a short period of time. When changing nappies at bath time, Sarah was allowed to have some supervised play time without a nappy on and she loved the sensation of being able to extend her legs.
Mostly like the mother mentioned during her observation that play has given Sarah wider improvement in growth and movement for her age and stages. Sarah started showing greater interest in her play and music. And she enjoys rattles other toys Sarah likes to watch simple pop-up puppets. During her observation there was plenty of soft books that have different noises which Sarah enjoys the noise and music by the end of the second observation Sarah played finger games such as This Little Piggy with her mother, her mother encouraged to begin to grab small soft toys, especially the ones on the carpet floor.
Sarah is a very sensitive girl managing with another child care, Sarah has learnt by pressing a button she can make a chicken pop-up. Sarah was forced to develop a new scheme which base on the later experience and is called accommodation, it happens when children realise that their schemers do not fit, example Sarah drinks orange juice out of a red beaker she develops a scheme that all red beakers have orange juice in them, Sarah is then given a red beaker that has milk in it, Sarah now has new information that shows her that scheme does not fit.
Eventually Sarah will come to understand that beakers are used for many drinks and that beakers come in many colours. During discussion with Sarah`s mother, she said at first children do not have a mental picture of the world, they learn through their senses this means that if they cannot see an object, they believe that it no longer exist, however it comes up at the early stage and they seems to develop the concept of object performance. When they are showing an object and it is then hidden, they look for it or cry. Egocentrism:
Sarah’s mother explained self centred in the way Sarah views the way. Sarah`s mother said it doesn’t mean they are selfish but they do not have the concept to understand, for example what they can see and where the thing goes. Sarah`s mother discussed that children’s image of object and animal have the same feelings. She mentioned that her daughter does her conversation through activities and play. The idea that children go through stages of development have been influential, although there are three main criticisms.
It is very difficult to give Milestone for cognitive development as children’s acquisition of conscience depends on their experiences and their own individual patterns of development there are also pieces of equipment that can help children’s co-coordinative development. A major part in the thinking process is the ability to classify store and retrieve information. This means the activities that encourage children to have any of these skills are particularly valuable. Conclusion:
The social-economic and cultural influence on Sarah`s development became an issue as she has been brought up by two different parents who came from different races and culture. REFERENCES Sarah`s mother helped towards this observation by telling me all about Sarah`s bath time, feeding time, play time and bed time routine and turns between herself and her husband by sharing the care for Sarah. Most of all the area which Sarah plays in and messes up while playing and crawling every day. WORD COUNT: 1,159 0212113