In 1998, the Department of Health has embarked on a programme to rehabilitate infirmaries after an audit by the CSIR in 1996 showed that many wellness installations were dilapidated. The HRRP undertakings were funded through a conditional grant to upgrade the physical substructure and fix work was scheduled to stop in 2006 ( Ref ) . The Hospital Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Programme ( HRRP ) has been replaced by the Hospital Revitalisation Programme ( HRP ) .
Hospital Revitalisation Programme ( HRP )
With the fixs to medical installations completed, the Department of Health started the HRP to better infirmary conditions by supplying substructure, direction and specialised services to the public wellness sector. The Hospital Revitalisation Programme is an effort to upgrade wellness attention installations by bettering service bringing and quality of attention. The programme is projected to take 20 old ages. found that the programme has suffered cutbacks as in 2008 there were 40 infirmaries in the programme and in 2009 there were merely 20 seven take parting infirmaries.
Free Health Care policy
In 1994, the South African authorities announced that the State would supply free wellness attention to kids under the age of six old ages, pregnant and wet adult females The policy meant that services at public clinics and community wellness Centres were free of charge. In 1996, the Free Health Care policy was extended to all people utilizing primary degree populace sector wellness attention services In 2003, free infirmary attention was farther extended to include kids older than six with moderate and terrible disablements
B ) School
e-Rural Access Programme
The e-Rural Access Programme ( eRAP ) aims to supply entree to engineering substructure for the populace. The programme provides the platform for people who do non hold the resources to prosecute with their authorities and others via electronic communications ( ICT ) . e-RAP marks communities who are unemployed and hapless. Centers of operation for eRAP are schools, libraries and multi-purpose Centres. Users can freely utilize the equipment supplied and internet connectivity is monitored. It is hoped that the programme will help in socio-economic development at community degree and assistance in development.
National School Nutrition Programme ( NSNP )
The predecessor of the NSNP is the Primary School Nutrition Programme ( PSNP ) which was established in 1997, it subsequently gave manner to the NSNP. The overall intent of the NSNP is to better the wellness and nutritionary position of South African primary school kids, to better degrees of school attending and to better the acquisition capacity of kids The programme has been in running for 17 old ages
Scholar Transport Programme
The Scholar Transport Programme was initiated in 2011 with purposes to advance entree to instruction for the young person The programme has experienced a figure of jobs as it was mostly operator driven and in a figure of instances operators reported false information to the Department of Education sing the figure of bookmans they had transported and distances travelled.
The programme experienced turning strivings as hapless planning and direction created an environment that could non present on programme aims. The programme has since moved to the Department of Transport and in some states, such as the Eastern Cape, there have been a figure of efforts to free the STP of corruptness by ask foring new conveyance service suppliers
degree Celsius ) Electricity
Accelerated Electrification Programme
Besides known as the Rapid Electrification Programme, the aim of the Accelerated Electrification Programme was to accomplish cosmopolitan entree to electricity by 2012 Target countries of the programme were urban sprawl countries, informal colonies and rural countries The Accelerated Electrification Programme provided the foundation for the National Electrification Programme which was in operation between 1994 and 1999. In its eight old ages of operation, the programme has encountered a figure of institutional and funding jobs as Figure 3 below indicates.
Figure 3. The timeline of South Africa ‘s electricity policies
Integrated National Electrification Programme ( INEP )
The INEP ‘s purpose is to supply electricity to rural countries of South Africa and where occupants have non been able to entree grid electricity e.g. informal colonies The INEP has been extremely successful holding connected over two million families in the last decennary The programme has seen a 22925 addition in family connexions between the 2010/2011 and 2011/2012 fiscal twelvemonth
Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers ( IPP ) Bidding Programme
Taking its lead from the Integrated Resource Plan, the Department of Energy has found a manner to sustainably supply energy. explains that the command programme aims to supply 3265Megawatts of capacity to the overextended South African electricity sector. By disassociating energy supply from authorities ( independent power manufacturers ) , the state is able to seek surrogate energy beginning such as landfill gas, biomass, biogas, little hydro and cogeneration engineerings
BOX 2: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES IN SOUTH AFRICA
The Durban Landfill-Gas to Electricity Project ( LG2EP ) has received much congratulations as it is a positive measure for local municipalities to travel towards alternate beginnings of electricity coevals. The undertaking is one of many that the state has seen e.g. the New England Road Landfill in Msunduzi and the Joburg Landfill to Gas Energy Project. However, in footings of size, power coevals and service, the LGEP is a first in the state and Africa. Investing in the undertaking is 100 million rand ( $ 12 million ) funded by the eThekwini ( Durban ) metropolis, the Department of Trade and Industry, Department of Energy and the Gallic Development Bank.
Landfill gas has important sums of methane ( CH4 ) & A ; C Dioxide ( CO2 ) . Methane gas is used to bring forth electricity as it is a clean combustion gas. In the early stages of undertaking execution, Mariahhill and La Mercy were selected as the two landfill sites in Durban. Later the Bisasar Road Landfill site was added. The Marianhill landfill has a 1MW engine. The Bisasar Landfill has six 1MW engines and an extra 0,5MW engine. Therefore far, the LG2EP has generated R48m worth of electricity in the eThekwini Metropolitan country and over 600 000 C credits. The energy generated provided by the LG2EP provides an equivalent of 6 000 low income families with electricity day-to-day. eThekwini Metro besides benefits from the sale of electricity and C credits.
In his State of the Nation Address ( SoNA ) , President Jacob Zuma announced that R75billion would be allocated to the Medupi, Kusile and Ingula Power Projects. The Medupi undertaking has received much attending as its building began in 2007. Medupi is a coal-burning base burden power works in Lephalale comprising of six units with a power capacity of 4,764 MW ; This undertaking is in line with South Africa ‘s purpose to increase power coevals capacity and better modesty border in order to provide family with sufficient power. However, due to a figure of jobs and deficiency of velocity in vitalizing resources for the undertaking, the undertaking is presently R77.1bn over budget
vitamin D ) Sport Facility
Schools Sport Programme
Besides known as the National School Sports Programme, this enterprise was launched in 2011 by the Department of Education and the Department of Sports and Recreation. The purpose of the programme is develop and surrogate endowment in athleticss in school-going kids The timespan of the programme is 10-20 old ages and it is hoped that the theoretical account will imitate the success achieved by states such as Australia, the United States of America and the United Kingdom To day of the month, R46.2million has been invested in the undertaking
Mass Participation Programme ( MPP )
The Mass Participation Programme consists of four sub-programme ; viz. , Siyadlala, Schools Sports Mass Participation Programme ( SSMPP ) and Legacy and Compensation. The Siyadlala Mass Participation Programme ( SMPP ) is a national undertaking of the Department of Sport and Recreation. The programme was launched in 2002 and seeks to “ ease mass engagement in athletics and diversion activities.The undertaking aims to convey athleticss to communities that may hold antecedently non had the opportunity to prosecute in featuring and recreational activities. The SSMPP is besides a joint venture enterprise between the Department of Sport and Recreation and the Department of Education. Through the SSMPP rural schools are given equipment that helps managers and scholars achieve their ends in their assorted athletics codifications. In the 2012/13 fiscal twelvemonth R470million has been allocated to the MPP. An approximated 45 % was allocated to the SSMPP.
vitamin E ) Housing
Particular Integrated Presidential Undertakings
The SIPPs and urban reclamation undertakings were initiated in 1994 in line with RDP aims. The purpose was to supply and upgrade basic service substructure to selected communities in South Africa e.g. primary schools, street visible radiations, H2O and sewage and route ascents. The SIPP undertakings are an illustration of authorities “ acquiring it right ” and the programme did good as the deadline of the undertakings was in the 1999/2000 fiscal twelvemonth. Table 2 below shows the success of the SIPPs in eight states in South Africa.
Table 2: SIPPs for the 1998/1999 fiscal twelvemonth ) .
The SIPPs gave manner to the National Urban Renewal Programme and subsequently the Neighbourhood Development Programme.
During the 2001 SoNA the Urban Renewal and Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Programmes were introduced. The Urban Renewal programme identified eight urban nodes or exclusion zones to concentrate on ; viz. , Alexandra, Mitchell ‘s Plain, Khayelitsha, Inanda, KwaMashu, Mdantsane, Motherwell and Galeshewe.The choice standards of the nodes are shown in Table 3 below.
Table 3: Choice standards of exclusion zones
Table 3 above indicates that authorities aimed to turn to poorness and promote development in the exclusion zones. This in in portion similar to what the Neighbourhood Development Partnership aimed to accomplish, which was To back up vicinity development undertakings that provide community substructure and make the platform for other public and private sector development, towards bettering the quality of life of occupants in targeted underserved vicinities ( townships by and large ) . To day of the month, 57 out of 100 undertakings in townships across the state have been identified. explicate that the success of the programme and grant prevarication in private sector investing.
In a continued attempt to upgrade urban colonies, the Department of Human Settlements launched the Upgrading of Informal Settlements programme. The purpose of the programme is to upgrade informal colonies within communities alternatively of resettlement so that occupants can keep their socio-economic webs ( Department of Human Settlements, 2009 ) . Harmonizing to Bua News ( 2010 ) , the mark figure of informal colonies to be upgraded is 500000 by 2014.The chief manner in which the aims are achieved is through grant allotment.
degree Fahrenheit ) WATER SUPPLY
Lesotho Highlands Water Project 2
It is predicted that the Upper Vaal Water Management country will see H2O shortages by 2015. This has deductions for the excavation sector, industries and urban H2O supplies systems as this WMA is host to the hub of the South African economic system. Water bringing is expected to get down in 2020 but the R9billion building stage of the Polihali Dam begins in 2014.The undertaking aims to increase current H2O supply by 465 million three-dimensional metres of H2O per twelvemonth. Other big scale undertakings include the Olifants River Water Resources Development Project ( Phase 2A ) , Mokolo from Crocodile Water Augmentation Project ( Phase 1 ) and Mooi Umgeni Transfer Scheme 2.
The proviso of basic services and free basic H2O to communities has gone a long manner to turn to issues of H2O bringing and entree.
g ) ROADS AND TRANSPORT
Public Transport Strategy
In 2007 the Department of Transport undertook a prediction exercising to estimate the demands of the conveyance user, the available substructure and planetary market tendencies sing fuel. The Department of Transport developed a vision for the conveyance sector for 2007- 2020. The Integrated Rapid Public Transport Network, Mass Rapid Public Transport Network ( Rail, Taxi, Bus, Gautrain and Bus Rapid Transit System ( BRT ) are the fulfillment of that vision. These attempts to streamline manners of conveyance and present service have been met with assorted emotions. If infrastructure backlogs and support are dealt with, the abovementioned conveyance options can travel a long manner to revitalizing South Africa ‘s conveyance system. The BRT for illustration has since left its turning strivings and has been mostly accepted in Johannesburg as a agency of conveyance. Its success has seen tubes such as Nelson Mandela Bay, Cape Town, Ekurhuleni and Tshwane adopt the conveyance system
S’hamba Sonke Roads Programme
The programme was initiated in 2011 and aims to supply improved route substructure in rural countries ( Ndebele, 2012 ) . The programme is due to be completed in 2014 and has been allocated R6.4billion for the 2011/2012 fiscal twelvemonth
Although S’hamba Sonke Programme was able to make 68000 occupations, capacity jobs and under-spending have tarnished the programme ‘s early phases
H ) Sanitation
Community Water Supply and Sanitation Programme
The CWSSP is possibly one of the success narratives of the RDP. The CWSSP was initiated in 1994 to provide H2O and sanitation to rural communities. In the early phases, one ten percent of the budget was allocated to sanitation. The programme has had its just portion of problem, but the sanitation budget grew every bit sanitation as more policies pushed for sanitation services to be prioritised. Figure 4 below shows the proportion of Municipal Infrastructure Programme support allocated to rural donees.
Figure 4: MIP beneficiary breakdown
In Figure 4 above it can be seen that the major donees of the MIP were H2O and sanitation related. The studies that R1.2billion was allocated to the plan in 1998 to make away with pail latrines. The success of the programme is about complete and has made good advancement in turn toing H2O and sanitation jobs in both rural and urban environments.
Extra policies that authorities initiated that address the sanitation job are the the Strategic Framework for Water Services, National Sanitation Strategy and Free Basic Sanitation Implementation Strategy.