Human Security Sample Essay

1. Introduction
This study has been drafted as single term paper for the capable International Relations at Rangsit University. Its intent is to explicate the differences between traditional security and human security. Furthermore it is supposed to exemplify why human security is an indispensable constituent of international dealingss today.

The paper begins with a short debut ; the 2nd chapter continues with an account of traditional security followed by an account of human security. The chapter ends with a comparing of traditional and human security. In the 3rd chapter. the importance of human security in footings of international dealingss is traveling to be analyzed.

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2. 1. TRADITIONAL Security
Basically traditional security can be defined as a state’s ability to support itself against external menaces. Often the footings national security or province security are used alternatively of traditional security. The theory of traditional security is a realist concept of security and fundamentally the lone referent for security is the province. Security was seen as protection from invasion and executed during struggles by utilizing proficient and military capablenesss. During the Cold War. major universe powers still believed that the security of their state chiefly derives from a balance of power among provinces and that created national security would automatically be followed by the security of its citizens. During these times. the extension of this traditional security construct had its extremum ; nevertheless towards the terminal of the Cold War. people realized that security of citizens was non merely threatened by external attackers but besides by internal province activities and other events.

Human security is a developed construct of security which focuses on the person and its human self-respect as referent for security. The political construct connects facets of human rights. human development. peacekeeping. and conflict bar. After the terminal of the Cold War. it became clear that the chief menaces of security of an person are non wars between states ; they are much instead civil wars. offense. absolutism. eviction. clime alteration. hungriness. poorness. and terrorist act. Harmonizing to the UNDP’s ( United Nations Development Program’s ) 1994 Human Development Report. the range of security should be expanded and from so on include menaces in seven different countries: economic security. nutrient security. wellness security. environmental security. personal security. community security and political security.

As there is no individual definition of human security. its definitions vary from a narrow position that sees it as bar of force to a wide comprehensive position that proposes all sorts of factors together. There are critics of the construct of human security which claim that if all the constituents of wellbeing are included. the term will go basically nonmeaningful. as it permits the inclusion of practically everything that
affects any larger groups of persons adversely.

Human security is a really wide construct of security and has been developed in order to dispute traditional security surveies. after people realized that nowadays poorness. diseases. and natural catastrophe are a much bigger menace to the security of people than war. However even though human security has emerged as a challenge of thoughts. human and traditional/national security are non reciprocally sole constructs. Many people have argued that it is non possible to achieve human security without traditional security and the other manner around.

Security Studies Today – Terry Terriff. Stuart Croft. Lucy James. Patrick Morgan – 1999


When you analyze the relation of traditional security and human security. you can take 4 different factors in order to explicate the chief differences.
Referent While human security is people-centered and its focal point displacements to protect persons. traditional security policies are created to demands from the province. Furthermore all other involvements are subordinated to those of the province ; traditional security protects a state’s boundaries. people. establishments and values. On the other manus. the of import dimensions of human security are to imply the wellbeing of persons and respond to people’s demands in covering with beginnings of menaces. Scope Basically traditional security seeks to support a province from external aggression and it makes usage of disincentive schemes to keep the unity of the province and protect its district from external menaces. Human security takes this to another degree and expands its range of protection to include a broader scope of menaces. including environmental pollution. infective diseases and economic want.

As. harmonizing to traditional security. determination doing power is centralized in the authorities. the province is the exclusive histrion in this system. Traditional security assumes that crowned head provinces are runing in an lawless international environment. in which there is no universe regulating organic structure to implement international regulations of behavior. Harmonizing to human security on the other manus. the authoritiess aren’t the lone histrions ; other histrions in human security are for illustration regional/international organisations. non-governmental organisations. and local communities.

The common signifiers traditional security takes are armament races ( f. e. Cold War ) . confederations. strategic boundaries and more. This is due to the fact that traditional security merely relies upon constructing up national power and military defence ; whereas human security non merely protects. but besides empowers persons and societies as a agency of security. Persons contribute by placing and implementing solutions to insecurity.


Before the construct of human security was being developed. it was believed that a autonomous province is runing in an lawless international environment. due to the fact that there is no planetary government organic structure that could implement international regulations of behavior. This was accompanied by a strong misgiving from one province towards other/all provinces. At that clip it seemed that the lone manner to maintain peace would be to make and maintain a balance
of powers between provinces. as it would maintain them from assailing one another. These factors made it. before the terminal of the Cold War. really hard for provinces to make good and healthy dealingss with other provinces.

However. the international environment changed when the construct of human security emerged after the Cold War. States and people realized that there is a much more effectual manner to make and maintain peace than holding a balance of power ; they realized that it is much more advantageous for every involved party to maintain good dealingss with other states and to work towards mutuality between states. There are several factors which led to this development and this manner of thought ; the progressively rapid gait of globalisation. the decreased menace of atomic war between the world powers. and the exponential rise in the spread and consolidation of democratisation and international human rights norms where some of the developments that opened a infinite in which constructs of security could be reconsidered.

It merely became clear that. by making cooperation between provinces. certain menaces can be reduced or even wholly annihilated. This led to one another and therefore to a great extent increased the importance of international dealingss in the universe of today when provinces began to open up towards each other and to interact more intensively politically and economically with other provinces.


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