Granada Hills Charter High School A. P. United States History – 2010 Summer Assignment DUE: Day 1 of Fall 2010 semester Instructors: Mr. Klevs [email protected] com Ms. Byars [email protected] com 1. Students need to read book #1 Patriots: The Men who started the American Revolution by A. J. Langguth [ISBN? 10: 0671675621] by August 17, 2010. Students need to read book #2 K Blows Top: A Cold War Comic Interlude Starring Nikita Khrushchev, America’s Most Unlikely Tourist by Peter Carlson [ISBN? 10: 1586484974] by January 11, 2011. . Complete the study guides – New World Beginnings and Planting of English America. a. Answers can be found in history books at the library or book store. There is no need to go out and buy the textbook. Answers obtained from the internet (Wikipedia) will not be accepted. b. “Short Answer Questions” should be short answers (not essays). c. Study Guide packet due Day 1 of the Fall 2009 semester 3. Test will be given first day of school on the reading Patriots + study guides. New World Beginnings, 33,000 B. C. – A. D. 769 Before studying Chapter 1, read over these “Themes”: Theme: The first discoverers of America, the ancestors of the American Indians, were small bands of hunters who crossed a temporary land bridge from Siberia and spread across both North and South America. They evolved a great variety of cultures, which ranged from the sophisticated urban civilizations in Mexico and Central and South America to the largely semi nomadic societies of North America. Theme: Europe’s growing demand for Eastern luxuries prompted exploration in t e hopes of reducing the expense of those goods with new trade routes. Exploration occurred incrementally, beginning with the Portuguese moving around the coast of Africa and establishing trading posts. Awareness of the New World and its wealth pushed exploration across the Atlantic. Spanish exploration continued in the same fashion, first in the Caribbean islands then expanding into South and North America. Theme: Portuguese and Spanish explorers encountered and then conquered much of the Americas and their Indian inhabitants.
This collision of worlds deeply affected all the Atlantic societies ? Europe, the Americas, and Africa ? as the effects of disease, conquest, slavery, and intermarriage began to create a truly new world in Latin America, including the borderlands of Florida, New Mexico, and California, all of which later became part of the United States. After studying Chapter 1 in your textbook, you should be able to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Describe the origin and development of the major native Indian cultures of the Americas. Explain the developments in Europe and Africa that led to Columbus’s voyage to America.
Explain what two countries led the way in early exploration and why they were able to do so. Explain the changes and conflicts that occurred when the diverse worlds of Europe, Africa, and the Americas collided after 1492. Describe the Spanish conquest of Mexico and South America and identify the major features of Spanish colonization and expansion in North America. Know the following people and terms. Consider the historical significance of each term or person. Also note the dates of the event if that is pertinent. A.
People Marco Polo Francisco Pizarro Juan Ponce de Leon Hernando De Soto Montezuma Christopher Columbus Hernan Cortes Francisco Coronado Father Junipero Serra B. Terms: capitalism Renaissance mestizos Treaty of Tordesillas “three sister” farming Great Ice Age Canadian Shield Mound Builders “the black legend” conquistadores Aztecs Popes Rebellion Pueblo Indians Spanish Armada spice islands encomienda Iroquois Confederacy
C. Short Answer Questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What fundamental factors drew the Europeans to the exploration, conquest, and settlement of the New World? Explain. In what ways might the European encounter with the Americas be seen as a disaster or tragedy, and in what ways might it be seen as an inevitable development in the history of humanity with long? run positive results? What was the impact on the Indians, Europeans, and Africans when each of their previously separate worlds “collided” with one another?
What were the common characteristics of all Indian cultures in the New World, and what were the important differences among them? How did the geographic setting of North America – including its relation to Asia, Europe, and Africa – affect its subsequent history? D. Map Work: Using the numbers and letters on the map, identify the places listed below: B A A C 1. _____________________________ 2. _____________________________