Hampi (Kannada: ???? hampe) is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. Located within the ruins of Vijayanagara, Hampi is the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. Predating the city of Vijayanagara, it continues to be an important religious centre, housing the Virupaksha Temple, as well as several other monuments belonging to the old city. As the village is at the original centre of Vijayanagara, it is sometimes confused with the ruined city itself. The ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, listed as the Group of Monuments at Hampi.   Etymology
The name is derived from Pampa, which is the old name of the Tungabhadra River on whose banks the city is built. The name “Hampi” is an anglicized version of the Kannada Hampe (derived from Pampa). Over the years, it has also been referred to as Vijayanagara and Virupakshapura (from Virupaksha, the patron deity of the Vijayanagara rulers).  History A Hindu temple naga decoration at Hampi. Hampi is identified with the historical Kishkindha, the Vanara (monkey) kingdom which finds mention in the Ramayana. The first historical settlements in Hampi date back to 1 CE.
Hampi formed one of the cores of the capital of the Vijayanagara empire from 1336 to 1565, when it was finally laid siege to by the Deccan Muslim confederacy.  Hampi was chosen because of its strategic location, bounded by the torrential Tungabhadra river on one side and surrounded by defensible hills on the other three sides. The site is significant historically and architecturally. The topography abounds with large stones which have been utilized to make larger than life statues of Hindu deities. A structure of historic importance appears every quarter of a mile.
The Archaeological Survey of India continues to conduct excavations in the area, to discover additional artifacts and temples.  Geography Hampi overview Hampi is situated on the banks of the Tungabhadra river. It is 353 km from Bangalore, 254 km from Bijapur and 74 km away from Bellary. Hosapete, 13 km away, is the nearest railway head. The chief languages spoken are Kannada and Telugu. The principal industries of the village are agriculture, the support of the Virupaksha temple and some other local holy places in the vicinity, and tourism. The annual Vijayanagar Festival is organized by the Government of Karnataka in November.
Due to the presence of several mineral deposits in this region (iron-ore, manganese), mining has been going on for many years now. But a recent boom for the supply of iron-ore in the international market has led to excessive mining in this district. The World Heritage Site at Hampi as well as the Tungabhadra Dam are now under threat.  Important sites at and near Hampi Virupakska Temple location map Vitthala temple with musical pillars, Hoysala style multigonal base Hampi •Achyutaraya Temple/Tiruvengalanatha Temple •Akka Tangi Gudda •Anegondi •Anjeyanadri Hill •Aqueducts and Canals •Archaeological Museum at Kamalapura •Badava Linga Chandramauleshwar Temple •The Kings’ balance •The Underground Temple •Tungabhadra River •Uddana Veerabhadra temple •Ugra Narasimha •Virupaksha Temple •Vittala temple •Yeduru Basavanna •Yentrodharaka Anjaneya temple •Zenana enclosure •Virupapura •Madhavan Palace with more than 1,000,000 pillars •Sasivekalu Ganesha •Elephant stables •Lotus temple  Temples Hampi has various notable Hindu temples, some of which are still active places of worship. Most notable ones are: •Virupaksha Temple complex: Also known as the Pampapathi temple, it is a Shiva temple situated in the Hampi Bazaar. It predates the founding of the Vijayanagar mpire. The temple has a 160-foot (49 m) high tower at its entrance. Apart from Shiva, the temple complex also contains shrines of the Hindu goddesses Bhuvaneshwari and Pampa. Hampi Scenery, 360° Panorama Shot from Matanga Hill Hampi ( a. k. a Humpi or Hampe ) is both a historic & relegious place in India. This was the capital of the Hindu empire,Vijayanagara, who ruled the south India during 14th to 16th century AD. The ruins of Hampi, as it is known today, is a vast open museum of history, architecture and religion . Spread over an area more than 25 square kilometers (10 square miles), Hampi ruins is acked with giant temples, palaces, market streets, aquatic structures , fortifications and an abundance of other ancient monuments. The giant boulder strewn hills and the river that bisects make a bizarre landscape for this ancient metropolis. Together with its historic and mythological residues this rural area makes a perfect tourist spot. Hampi is iHampi is located in Karnataka state , a southwestern province of India. It’s about 350 kilometers (217 miles) north of Bangalore, the state capital.. Hampi is in the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites. Vittala Temple : This temple complex dedicated to Vittala, a form of the Hindu god
Vishnu is an architectural highlight of Hampi. This temple campus contains many halls and shrines. The halls are noted for its extraordinary pillars with the animated carvings on it. A set of pillars, known as ‘musical pillars,’ resonates when tapped. A huge stone chariot complete with wheels carved out of stone stands in front of the main temple This temple dedicated to the Hindu god of destruction is located at a riverbank. Virupaksha temple is believed to be one of the oldest active temples (from 7th century AD) in India. Lakshmi Narasimha : This giant monolithic statue of the man-lion god is the largest icon in Hampi.
Narasimha which is one of the ten avatars (incarnation) of lord Vishnu is depicted in a cross-legged seated position Queen’s bath: This structure belongs to the royal area of the capital. Probably used by the courtly ladies or the king himself, this looks like an indoor aquatic complex. A large veranda with protruding balconies all around faces the central pool. This is one of the typical example of the InElephant Stables: That was the shelter for the royal elephants. This long structure is made of a series of chambers with domical roofs. Each chamber is big enough to accommodate two elephantsdo-Islamic hybrid architecture.