Indian Casinos Essay

Ricky Norberg Dr. Miro BBA 110: History of Business 7/17/2010 Social AND ECONOMIC IMPACT OF NATIVE AMERICAN; Casinos “Examining the effects of casinos after at least four years of operation. I find that positive change include : young adults moving back to the reservation fueling an 11. 5 percent population increase ; adult employment increasing by 26 percent ; and a 14 percent decline in the number of working poor. In countries with or near a casino, the the employment-to-population ratio has increased and mortality has declined”. ———————————————————————————————————————————————–Indian tribes are sovereign nations under federal law, and states may not enforce their civil codes on a reservation within a state’s borders. After the federal courts gave tribes more control over their economic development some began operating gaming places that conflicted with state and local laws. A number of states challenged these operations, but a series of supreme courts cases were decided in tribes favor. To clarify the law the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act was passed in 1988.

The tribe could operate full-scale casino gambling anywhere within its borders provided the details of the operation were set forth under a tribal state compact. In the Social and Economic Impact of Native American Casinos. “Speed in which Indian-owned gaming operations have developed is staggering”. Suggesting that there was “an incredible pent-up demand for casino-style gaming” in the United States. In Connecticut for example a federal court ruled that because the state allowed nonprofit organizations to have casino rights as fundraisers, it had to allow the Mashantucket Pequot’s to add table games to its bingo operation.

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In 1991 the tribe expanded its bingo hall into a casino. It now runs Foxwoods, The world’s largest casino. In 1992 the Pequot’s offered the state $100 million a year or 25 percent of its slot machine takes. Which ever was greater, provided the state would allow it, but not any other group could install slot machines, the agreement was modified to allow the Mohegan tribe to operate slot machines after it received federal recognition. Payments from the tribe were estimated to be in excess of $350 million in 2002, and


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