Inernet Marketing Impacting the Hospitality Industry Essay

Internet marketing trends impacting the hospitality industry By understanding current Internet marketing trends in hospitality hoteliers can enhance their web presence and utilize the Internet as the most cost effective and up-to-date sales and marketing channel. An estimated 1/3 of all hotel bookings will be done online this year, and another 1/3 will be directly influenced by online research and planning, but booked offline.

By understanding current Internet marketing trends in hospitality, including travel consumer expectations and perceptions, hoteliers can enhance their web presence, and utilize the Internet as the most cost effective and up-to-date sales and marketing channel. In the past several years, we have all watched the remarkable growth of the online travel marketplace.

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With an increasing number of travel consumers doing travel research online (75% of adults in the US – TIA), gaining broadband Internet access at home and becoming more and more accustomed to doing business and transacting on the web, we will continue to see this growth across market segments at an ever increasing rate. This year, 40% of all leisure and 35% of business travel bookings will be done online. By 2010 over 50% of leisure bookings are expected to be online. The percentage of meeting planners researching and booking online is also growing at a rapid pace.

An estimated 89% of planners are researching event locations on the web, and by 2008, 41% of all groups and meetings travel revenues will come from the Internet. The direct online channel will continue to be the main focus for hoteliers. The industry as a whole has realized that not only has the Internet become the preferred channel for travel consumers to plan and book lodging, but the direct online channel is the cheapest form of distribution. The shift from indirect to direct online distribution will continue to be a major trend in the next several years.

In 2006 the major hotel brands enjoyed an above the average direct vs. indirect online ratio of 81. 4% vs. 18. 6%. Now is the time to start working with fewer third party intermediaries (TPI), and at drastically lower margins (e. g. 15%-18%). Smart hoteliers deal only with TPIs that can access the hotel inventory electronically and not via manual extranets. These hoteliers work in strict rate parity, use dynamic TPI margins, and prohibit TPIs from using trademarked property names for their PPC and search engine marketing campaigns.

Other ways to shift consumers from TPI to the hotel website include unique product offerings found only on the hotel site and launching or enhancing the hotel loyalty program. Consumer Generated Media(CGM) continues to grow in importance and popularity. Discussion boards and forums, blogs, social networks, customer review sites like Trip Advisor, and hotel-specific blogs dominate the Internet today and have become an integral part of the travel planning process. In 2006, 28% of travel planners researched CGM sites vs. 4% in 2005.

While hoteliers need to monitor and react quickly to CGM postings, and must establish a corporate policy regarding CGM, it is still important to make sure the hotel’s website is up to date, informative, optimized, and user friendly. The Internet has changed forever the way consumers plan and purchase travel and access travel information. The credibility of information on a website is no longer automatically accepted. There is an ideological clash between official content (the hotels own website, brochures, descriptions, traditional star rating, etc. and CGM-related content (blogs, customer review sites, etc. ). What do customers believe? Online costs customer retention matter 4-6 times more to attract a new customer than to retain a current customer. Existing customers are not only less costly to retain, but they also respond 4-5 times more readily to promotions and e-mail campaigns than new customers. It is important to extract more wealth out of your existing customer base by understanding customer needs and their lifestyles, and building a marketing strategy based on those needs.

Knowing the customer, sending personalized messages, being there at every touch-point (planning, purchasing, service consumption and post-stay), and providing a unique value proposition leads to increased customer loyalty. The Internet allows an unprecedented level of behavioral marketing. We can now monitor consumer behavior in all stages of the life cycle and personalize the brand message based on this behavior. Hoteliers can now target their marketing messages according to specific customer behavior, specific demographics, specific customer locations, and specific feeder markets.

This year eMarketers will spend over $2 billion in behavioral marketing in the U. S. alone. Not only creating mobile friendly hotel websites, but sending marketing messages via mobile technology is becoming more and more important in hospitality. 1 billion mobile devices were shipped in 2006. The majority of these new devices provide broadband Internet access. The ability to instantly identify a users geographic location allows marketers to provide a highly personalized marketing message and experience.

Mobile mapping capabilities, mobile search engines, and mobile advertising are just some of the areas of growth. Hoteliers need to monitor this trend and provide mobile hotel reservations and customer service. Hotel websites must offer better imagery, higher display resolutions, and rich media more than ever. 80% of Internet users have 1024×768 or higher displays. To stay current, hotel websites must offer functionalities such as mapping, weather, event calendars, and CGM initiatives such as blogs and photo sharing. New technology is making it possible to break down barriers between technologies in hospitality.

New, smarter technologies are available for revenue management, website analytical tools, reward programs, personalization, data-mining, CRM, and interfacing to disparate technologies. Many web-based applications are increasing secure, user-friendly, and are dropping in cost. A direct online distribution strategy is a measurable asset to the hotel. Cash flows influenced by the online channel will be scrutinized more closely in the upcoming years as asset managers, developers, and hotel buyers and sellers seek to build, grow, sell, and flip properties. For those with inning strategies on the web, the valuation can be influenced upwards of 10 to 20 %, while those with a weak web presence can expect a steep discount in their valuation in the years to come. Keeping these factors in view, in particular customer’s dissatisfaction and profit reduction, Lewis & Chambers (1989) asserts that hospitality industry historically did not realize importance of marketing and a remedy to industry’s problem is encapsulated in ‘hospitality marketing’, both in its foundation and practices. It was further asserted that in 1950s and 1960s, industry focused on technology and updating their telephone reservation systems.

Similarly in 1970s and later, businesses were focused to increase assets and forgot the essence of industry, that is, ‘customer oriented service’. Hence the discussion may conclude that hospitality industry provided ever needed services. Nonetheless it may face certain specific issues that can be counterattacked through industry specific ‘hospitality marketing’ References (http://www. hospitalityebusiness. com). http://www. hotelmarketing. com/index. php/content/article/070619_internet_marketing_trends_impacting_the_hospitality_i ndustry/ [23/01/2010]

GRAY, W & LIGUORI, S, C, (1996), ‘Hotel and Motel Management and Operations’, Third Edition, Singapore: Prentice Hall Simon & Schuster (Asia) Pte Ltd LEWIS, R, C & CHAMBERS, R, E, (1989), ‘Marketing Leadership in Hospitality- Foundations and Practices’, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Papers For You (2010) “C/M/142. Dissertation. Measuring service quality in a Hotel”, Available from http://www. coursework4you. co. uk/sprttrav6. htm [22/01/2010] Papers For You (2010) “P/B/582. Benefits and problems of small hospitality businesses”, Available from Papers4you. com [23/01/2010]


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