Informative Speech BY rchai92 Zongyu Chai October 26, 2013 Darfur Genocide Specific Purpose: I want to inform my audience on the genocide that occurred in Darfur that started in 2003 and the impact it has made on the United Nations policy of international aid. Introduction l. In high school I was given the opportunity to volunteer as a tour guide at the National Holocaust Museum. a. Part of a new exhibit that was opened at my time there was a “Never Again” exhibit that shines lights on current genocides. b. What is Genocide?
Genocide is a term to describe the mass killings of one specific group of people based on religious or political backgrounds. (“What is genocide”) c. After the horrors of the Holocaust were known, the world said “never again” will such tragedies happen. d. Unfortunately never again was an empty promise. The incident of Rwanda happened and the world took actions and again said never will this repeat. II. Then the incident in Darfur. There were many deceptions of what was truly happening in Darfur, which lead to minimum aid from power holding countries.
The Human rights council) Ill. The genocide lead to many people to write letters to congress, asking them to help with the war and helping in prevention of a genocide Central Idea: Understanding the truth behind the Darfur Genocide will help us understand the importance of international aid for second and third world countries. Knowing all the facts will make people more aware of the news and the importance of helping those in need. Body- History of Darfur l. Beginning of the Conflict 2003 a.
Started in February of 2003 when the Darfur rebels attack the Sudanese military. b. Escalated in December, when the Janjaweed carried out orders to attack the black African villages (Steidle 21) b. i. They would murder, rape and then burn entire villages to the ground II. Escalated Darfur Conflict 2004-2005 a. There is a lack of adequate food, water, and healthcare services that will be available for the refugees b. The US Holocaust Memorial shuts down its main exhibits and calls for immediate attention to the humanitarian crisis in Darfur (“What is enocide”) c.
Even though the United Nations has ordered the Sudanese President to disarm the Janjaweed, many of them are still performing mass killings, rape, and abuse of the refugee (Totten 45) d. In a unanimous vote, the US House of Representative declares the crisis in Darfur to be a case of genocide and urged the US government to take immediate actions e. At least 70,000 people has died since March 2004 (March to October) (Steidle 15) Ill. Ending of the Crisis 2005-2006 a.
After many attempts by the United Nations to stop the Sudanese president of his ctions, there were still reports of mass killing and rape of citizen b. United Nations personnel, as well as forces that were sent in to help with food distribution were relocated due to the threats of the Janjaweed (Totten 72) c. On May 1, 2006, a day of protest was held across the globe to ask for international aid and a solution to this crisis (Steidle 71) d. June 2006- The two rebel fractions signed an annex to the peace agreement ‘V. Present Day a.
Reports from length investigation still shows that a large number of citizens are eing killed and raped (Human rights council) b. There are still suspicious activities that have been reported Conclusion l. The genocide of Darfur had been named one of the worst that has happened since the Holocaust II. Understanding this incident will help the prevention of another mass genocide a. This has made me understand the importance of understanding international aid and its impact b. As a newly enlisted National Guard, I have realized that I will do whatever it takes to prevent this from happening again Ill.
The exhibit Never Again” is more powerful and moving as ever Works Cited Steidle, Brian, and Gretchen Steidle. Wallace. The Devil Came on Horseback: Bearing Witness to the Genocide in Darfur. New York: Public Affairs, 2007. Print. Totten, Samuel, and Eric Markusen. Genocide in Darfur: Investigating the Atrocities in the Sudan. New York: Routledge, 2006. Print. “United Human Rights Council. ” United Human Rights Council. N. p. , n. d. Web. 29 Oct. 2013. “What Is Genocide? ??” . ” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. N. p. , n. d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.