Today, the development of concern confronts multiple challenges and jobs because some public companies, including non-profit organisations, tend to fraud and manipulate with information every bit good as fiscal resources to better their public presentation and to keep their positive public image. At the same clip, the ignorance of basic regulations and norms of concern moralss leads to downfall of big organisations. In this regard, it is deserving adverting the instance of Enron which really stimulated legislators to modulate public companies accounting to increase their transparence and dependability. In such a state of affairs, legislators seemingly attempted to protect investors and stakeholders from possible losingss caused by deceitful actions of some individuals playing taking parts in public presentation of public companies. In footings of new regulatory policies the Sarbanes-Oxley Act was implemented in 2002 to protect investors and better public companies answerability.
On analysing the debut of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, it is necessary to take into consideration the context in which the act was implemented and grounds why it was implemented. In this respect, the Enron dirt played the cardinal function in the execution of the act. The Enron dirt has revealed legion jobs that exists in the modern American concern every bit good as political relations. At the same clip, the nucleus of all the jobs of Enron ballads in the outlook of top executives and such big corporations every bit Enron every bit good as smaller 1s. In actuality, the discord for net income and maximization of net incomes become the dominant factors which define the policy of companies and their schemes. In such a context, it is possible to gauge that such a chase of maximal net income is based on the rule that ends justify agencies. On the other manus, the negative experience of Enron absolutely proves the extent to which this rule is erroneous and to what black effects the discord for maximal net incomes can take. In such a state of affairs, it is obvious that the dominating & A ; acirc ; ˆ?bottom line & A ; acirc ; ˆA? outlook of corporations should be wholly changed and corporations should be witting of high hazards of their discord for maximal net incomes.
On analysing the current state of affairs and modern concern environment, it is necessary to underscore that fast and immense net income goes in front of ethical issues and moral concerns in the modern concern. As a consequence, basic moral and ethical norms are easy violated when a corporation receives a opportunity to increase its net incomes systematically. In fact, today, moralss and morality are inferior, while net income is superior and it is really hard to alter such a outlook.
However, it is necessary to get down moving right now to alter the state of affairs for better. In this regard, it is possible to urge debut of ethical codifications which could specify basic ethical norms and rules modulating the relationship within corporations between executives and employees every bit good as the policy of corporations and its external dealingss with its client and concern spouses. However, the creative activity of ethical codifications is instead a benevolent action which does non take to existent legal duty of corporations for its unfair or unethical policies.
At the same clip, it is obvious that Enron has violated non merely ethical but besides legal norms. Therefore, the Enron dirt could be prevented if governmental bureaus performed their maps efficaciously. The province control over the policy of the company and the correspondence of its actions to the bing legal norms could minimise the hazard of the failure of Enron. Furthermore, the force per unit area from the portion of the province in the signifier of a rigorous control could increase the duty of top executives of Enron and, therefore, it could forestall the ruin of the corporation and the dirt which accompanied the ruin.
In such a manner, it is possible to reason that the current profit-oriented outlook can be changed on the status that actions are undertaken in two dimensions. On the one manus, corporations should alter their policies and organisational civilization and go ethically more responsible that may necessitate the debut of ethical codifications in corporations. On the other manus, the function of the province is really important since the province is the major regulator which should command the legality of policies of corporations.
In such a manner, the Enron dirt revealed the ineffectualness of bing ordinances and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 was supposed to better the state of affairs. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act enhances fiscal coverage of public organisations, including non-profit organisations. The legislators attempted to do fiscal describing more crystalline and prevent any hazard of fraud or uses. For this intent, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act introduced the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board which should supervise and command fiscal coverage of a public company. In add-on, the act stressed the independency of hearers that maximized the effectivity and objectiveness of scrutinizing minimising the hazard of mistakes and misunderstanding of fiscal facts. The act increased the corporation duty for the truth and completeness of corporate fiscal studies. The act enhanced fiscal revelations and defined the behavior of securities analysts to increase the assurance of investors in transparence and dependability of public organisations.
In such a state of affairs, a non-profit organisation should besides better its accounting system to run into the Sarbanes-Oxley Act & A ; acirc ; ˆ™s demands. In this regard, it should be said that the non-profit organisation should present alterations to run into the demands of the act. To set it more exactly, the non-profit organisation has to make the public company oversight board which should include independent professionals who can supervise and command fiscal coverage of the non-profit organisation to turn out the populace that the non-profit organisations maps in conformity to bing legal norms. In add-on, the board will be a auxiliary component of control to forestall the hazard of frauds in fiscal coverage of the organisations. Furthermore, the non-profit organisation may necessitate to alter its hearers and extent their entree to the organisation & A ; acirc ; ˆ™s fiscal coverage and accounting. In such a manner, it will be possible to maximise the independency of hearers and to show the transparence of the organisation. Furthermore, the non-profit organisation should concentrate on the development of an effectual accounting system and fiscal coverage to do it more crystalline and governable.
Therefore, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 purposes at the bar of frauds and sweetening of fiscal coverage of public companies, including non-profit organisations. The latter may necessitate to present alterations mentioned above to run into demands of the act.