Kant’s Non-Consequentialist Approach to Ethics Sample Essay

The name of Comm101 is Principle of Responsible Commerce. Before I enrolled the Comm101. I have no thought about rule of responsible commercialism. At the talk on hebdomad two. instructor had the presentation about this topic what the responsible commercialism is. By and large talking. the corporation has the responsible for animate being. thing or individual and so on. In my ain apprehension. to a individual. if one individual wants to hold success on the commercialism. he has to make things what the undermentioned points that I summarize. First. take attention about the clients by the customer’s side. and safeguard the legitimate involvement of clients. Second. thanks for the merchandises and support from company. and cognize about the satisfaction or non of merchandises and after-sales service. Third. you take more attention of clients. so ; clients would maintain good relationship with you. The service what you provide is better and more comprehensive ; the clients would maintain deep feeling of you. Finally. if you want others to handle you nice. you have to handle others how you treat others. I think these four points are of import for the individual who wants to acquire success in commercialism. And these four points are besides of import for the concern universe. In other wise. corporation has duty.

In order to understand corporation’s duty. we should cognize what corporation is. “A corporation is created under the Torahs of a province as a separate legal entity that has privileges and liabilities that are distinguishable from those of its members” ( wikipeidia 2001 ) . In my ain position. the corporation is engaged in the production. circulation. services and other economic activities. usage production and services satisfy the demands of society and as a for-profit economic organisations. implement its ain determination. independent accounting. lawfully established. Besides. the corporation by and large refers to for commercial intent. and uses assorted factors of production ( land. labour. capital and engineering ) to supply goods and services for market with the execution of operating independently and self-financing. independent accounting of societal and economic organisation which has legal personality.

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Corporate duty could be understood as corporate societal duty. “Corporate societal duty is a signifier of corporate self-regulation integrated into a concern model” ( wikepeidia 2001 ) . Corporate societal duty is the attitude of companies towards societal duty. and refers to the societal duty of corporations confronting. reflected it in many ways including paid and unpaid parts to society. The being of a corporation must non merely to do money for the lone end. In add-on to doing money. corporations should besides function the society ; create civilization ; to supply employment chances ; supply high-quality merchandises and services to consumers at the lowest monetary value. These ends are the companies should hold.

In hebdomad four. we had discussed the personal duty. societal duty. ethical theories and Kant’s moralss. In the undermentioned portion. I will hold a brief description of the Kant’s moralss. First. I want to present who is Kant. The full name of Kant is Immanuel Kant. he was born in 1724 in German. he was a great philosopher and he researched and wrote on doctrine and anthropology during the Enlightenment at the terminal of the eighteenth century ( Brinton C. 1967. P519 ) . The major work of Kant’s is non-consequentialist. it states ‘that It ever remains a dirt of doctrine and cosmopolitan human ground that the being of things outside us … should hold to be assumed simply on religion. and that if it occurs to anyone to doubt it. we should be unable to reply him with a satisfactory proof’ . Second. I will brief what is Kant’s non-consequentialist theory. “Kant’s theory is an of import illustration of a strictly non-consequentialist attack to moralss. Kant held that merely when we act from responsibility does our action have moral worth” ( Shaw. Barry. Sansbury. 2009. P92 ) .

Empirics think human’s cognition of the universe comes from human experience. and rationalist argues that human cognition comes from the person’s ain ground. And Kant is in a certain extent articulation the two point of position. Kant believe that cognition is the human sensory and rational through at the same clip. Experience is necessary to bring forth cognition. but is non the lone factor. Change the experience into cognition. we need rational ( Kant name it “category” ) . and the rational is the endowment. Human through the class model to acquire outside experience. you can non comprehend the universe if you do non hold class. Therefore class and experience are both the necessary conditions to acquire cognition. But some human class can alter to the factor to the construct of the universe. Kant realized that the things is difference to what are people can see. people can ne’er cognize what are the things true colourss.

Moral theories can apart to two parts. one is consequenlialist and another one is non-consequenlialist. Consequenlialist theory means if the effects are good that can turn out the action is besides right. On the other manus. if the effects are bad that must be the action is incorrect ( Shaw. Barry. Sansbury. 2009. P76 ) . The illustrations of consequenlialist theory are egoism and utilitarianism. However. non-consequenliatist theory has a negative significance to consequenlialist theory which is no affair the consequence is good or bad. if the act is incorrect so the all things are incorrect. And sebaceous cyst can speak about it through many facets. such as good will. the categorical jussive mood. Kant in an organizational context,and other non-consequentialist. From the undermentioned portion. I will chief to discourse the good will and the categorical jussive mood.

Kant’s motive by the “Good Will” to ordain a responsibility differs from moving in conformity with responsibility. Such difference disregards motive. For illustration. person who saves the life of a adult female from a homicidal adult male so that he may rob her may be considered to move merely in conformity with responsibility in respect to her rescue from the liquidator. He did non move out of the “Good Will” since his motive was to rob her. Therefore. to take both purpose and motive into history in order to make the right thing considers one to be moving morally or dutifully. This act is said to continue from that cosmopolitan “Good Will. ” Kant provinces “Nothing in the world–indeed nil even beyond the world–can perchance be conceived which could be called good without making except a good will” ( Kant. 1964. P9 ) .

Kant writes. “If now the action is good merely as a agencies to something else. so the jussive mood is conjectural ; if it is conceived as good in itself and accordingly as being needfully the rule of a will which of itself conforms to ground. so it is categorical. . . . ” ( Kant. P31 ) So he says that in order for an act to be flatly imperative. it must be thought to be good in itself and in conformance to ground. As a categorical jussive mood. it asks us whether or non we can “universalize” our actions. that is. whether it would be the instance that others would move in conformity with the same regulation in a similar circumstance. This is seen in Kant’s statement about the categorical jussive mood. ”Act merely on that axiom whereby 1000 canst at the same clip will that it should go a cosmopolitan law” ( Kant. P31 ) . The point Kant makes in his presentation of the categorical jussive mood is that an act becomes imperative ( or commanded ) when it ought to be applied to everyone. This is to state that because a moral act is the right thing to make. it is cosmopolitan and adhering on the agent to follow through with the moral act. However. the act should non be done out of any status.

Last. I will utilize a instance to explicate Kant’s non-consequenlialist. I found a instance about Toyota callbacks. Towards the terminal of 2009. and early 2010. there were three safety recalls that Toyota announced after several accidents in differing theoretical accounts of autos occurred ensuing in human deaths ( Bensinger et Al. . 2009 ) . This resulted in big international media attending which led to the hurt of the Toyota Motor Corporation. linked administrations. persons and society. The first safety issue was recognised after a design mistake caused a vehicle to unsuspectingly speed up. killing a household of four in the United States ( Bensinger et Al. . 2009 ) . This accident prompted an probe by American governments. which led them to reason that there was an issue with acceleration in several Toyota theoretical accounts ( Bensinger et Al. . 2009 ) . The first callback occurred on the 2nd November 2009 which related to the arrangement of the drivers side floor mat ( Miller. 2009 ) . The floor mat caused the gas pedal to go caught. and therefore. made the vehicle highly unsafe as it would be hard to halt. and besides resulted in unintended acceleration ( DeMeter. 2009 ; AFP. 2009 ) .

The 2nd callback was announced on the 21st January 2010 after several more incidents and ailments to relevant authorities governments ( Toyota. 2010 ) . This clip. after farther probe into the affair of unintended acceleration. it was realised that there was a mechanical issue which resulted in the gas pedal sticking ( Toyota. 2010 ) . In the head of stakeholders. this would hold brought about the thought that the first incident of unintended acceleration was improperly investigated.

The 3rd job was brought to attending on the 3rd of February 2010. when studies were received that some theoretical accounts did non brake decently. and therefore several accidents had been caused ( Toyota. 2010 ) . Later on the 8th of February the 3rd callback was announced. and the job was revealed ( Toyota. 2010 ) : there had existed an issue with the anti-lock braking package which was doing the brakes to misfunction in several vehicles ( Toyota. 2010 ) .

By the 28th January 2010. Toyota had recalled about 5. 2 million vehicles for the pedal entrapment/floor mat job. and 2. 3 million vehicles for the gas pedal pedal job ( BBC News. 2010 ) . with 1. 7 million vehicles reportedly holding both issues. The world-wide entire figure of autos recalled by Toyota stood at 9 million on the 29th of January 2010. Gross saless of recalled theoretical accounts were suspended for several hebdomads while traders waited for replacing parts to mend the jobs. The issue is believed to hold caused 21 deceases in by January 2010. but following the 28th January. the figure of victims and reported jobs increased aggressively following the recall proclamations ( USA intelligence. 2010 ) .

I want to speak about this instance in two facets. good will and categorical jussive mood. For good will. Toyota recalls their autos merely because they worry about clients distrust them. and so afraid that will be do the public presentation diminution. Besides. for the categorical imperative facet. Toyota as the 2nd biggest car company in the universe. they want to do the callback mistake as a general regulation through their will. They let people experience callback is non the company job and it is widespread.

Reference List:

BBC intelligence 2010. accessed 04/10/2012. hypertext transfer protocol: //pressroom. Toyota. com/pr/tms/toyota/toyotafiles-voluntary-safety-152979. aspx

Bensinger. K & A ; Vartabedian. R. 2009. ‘New inside informations in clang that prompted Toyota recall’ . Los Angeles Times. 25th October. accessed 04/10/2012.
hypertext transfer protocol: //articles. latimes. com/2009/oct/25/nation/na-toyota-crash25

Crane Brinton. ‘Enlightenment’ . Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Vol. 2. p. 519. Macmillan. 1967. “Transcendental Arguments ( Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy ) ” . accessed 04/10/2012. hypertext transfer protocol: //plato. Stanford. edu/entries/transcendental-arguments/ .

DeMeter. K. C. 2009. ‘Denial of Motor Vehicle Defect Petition’ . USA Department of Transportation: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. accessed 04/10/2012

Kant. “Good Will. ” erectile dysfunction. Serafini. p. 31. accessed 04/10/2012

Kant. Groundwork and the Metaphysics of Morals. erectile dysfunction. Herbert J. Paton. ( New York: HarperCollins. 1964 ) . p. 9. accessed 04/10/2012

Miller. I. 2009. ‘Unintended Acceleration: Toyota addresses the issues’ . Toyota PressRoom. 6th November. accessed 04/10/2012. hypertext transfer protocol: //pressroom. Toyota. com/pr/tms/ourpoint-of-view-post. aspx? id=2234

Shaw Willian H. Barry Vincent. Sansbury George. 2009. ’ Moral Issues In Business’ p76. 92 accessed 04/10/2012

Toyota Ltd 2010. Toyota recalls ‘up to 1. 8m’ autos. accessed 04/10/2012 hypertext transfer protocol: //news. bbc. co. uk/2/hi/business/8487984. short-term memory

USA intelligence 2010. accessed 04/10/2012. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. csmonitor. com/USA/2010/0129/Toyotarecall-update-dealers-face-full-lots-anxious-customers

Wikipeidia 2001. accessed 04/10/2012. hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Corporate_social_responsibility


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