Key Points From The Income Statement Accounting Essay

Following PLC is a retail merchant based in and around the UK. It has franchises in 180 shops in Asia, Europe, Middle east, Russia, Turkey and assorted other over sea states. They besides have over 500 shops in the UK. When NEXT opened their initial market was adult females for which they sold apparels, places and other accoutrements. They offer manner and quality in their merchandises at low-cost monetary values. This is accomplished by NEXT ‘s in-house design squad. Today Next has expanded its scope of merchandises and mark markets to work forces and kids for which they have an impressive catalogue of merchandises with over 1300 pages in the fall winter book, which could be obtained via mail orders ( Business overview, NEXT PLC,2010 ) .

Online shopping was introduced in 1999 where the book catalogue was besides available to order every bit good as holding the option to order merchandises for following twenty-four hours bringing if the order is made before 6pm. This was an advanced strategy which aided in the boosting of gross revenues. This is enhanced by the usage of another web site which issues merchandises to 35 states. Because of this following has over 2000000 active clients. ( Corporate Information ) .

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Throughout the remainder of the study I will be speaking about the undermentioned facets of NEXT PLC. I will observe cardinal points from the income statement and remark on the sum available for distribution. For statements of fiscal place I will besides observe cardinal points and advert their policies on dividends, distribution and the impact of historic cost convention on fixed plus rating. The Net incomes per portion and diluted net incomes per portion will be noted and analysed with the anterior 2 periods to see the tendency originating. Finally I will notice on Key ratios utilizing tendency analysis and comparatives to the industry criterion, so eventually notice on other relevant facets from a fiscal accounting position.

Cardinal points from the income statement:

Gross in ?millions from the income statement field-grade officer r the past 5 old ages are as follows ( ( NXT.L ) NEXT PLC, 2010 )

2005 – 2858.50

2006 – 3106.20

2007 – 3283.80

2008 – 3329.10

2009 – 3271.50

As you can see from the figures gross has been bit by bit increasing over the old ages and is set to make so for forthcoming twelvemonth. This besides shows a beef uping market place. This correlativity of increasing gross is linked with the net income for the period which stretches from 305.40 mil in 2005 to 302.30 in 2009. Because of the addition in gross and net income for the period, more money can be reinvested back in to the concern, hence the sum given to the equity holders of the parent company has increased over the old ages. The following information shows this. ( ( NXT.L ) NEXT PLC, 2010 ) .

2005 – 305.40 mil

2006 – 313.50 mil

2007 – 354.10 mil

2008 – 302.40 mil

2009 – 364.10 mil


Net incomes Per Share ( EPS )


2005 – 120.20P

2006 – 127.40P

2007 – 146.10P

2008 – 168.70P

2009 – 156.00P

The increasing net incomes per portion are a good mark, but have a little lessening between 2008 and 2009. This is because of lower net income borders during the same period. Net incomes per portion will lift 6 % faster than net incomes this twelvemonth due to the consequence of NEXTS policy of their excess being invested in to the concern for bargain back portions ( NEXT PLC CHAIRMANS STATEMENT, 2010 ) .

Diluted EPS

2005 – 118.40p

2006 – 125.90p

2007 – 144.30

2008 – 166.60p

2009 – 155.70p

The diluted net incomes per follows the same tendency as net incomes per portion but is increased by the dilutive consequence of possible ordinary portions from employees and assorted portion option strategies. The entire figure of portion options outstanding at 30 January 2010 was 13.1m ( 2009: 12.9m ) , the addition in dilutive portions is a effect of the higher mean portion monetary value during the twelvemonth ended 30 January 2010 compared to the old twelvemonth ( ( NXT.L ) NEXT PLC,2010 ) .

Distribution costs for Following Plc for the old ages 2010, 2009 were 232.1 and 232.4 million severally. Distribution cost salvaging improved border by 0.5 per centum. Lower charges for treating sale stock with the balance achieved through assorted other efficiency programmes was the ground for the largest cost decrease ( Regulatory intelligence NEXT PLC, 2010 ) .

Next have proposed raising their concluding dividend to 47p this twelvemonth ( 2010 ) , which would take the entire dividend for the twelvemonth to 66p, which was higher than the old two old ages where the entire dividend for the twelvemonth was 55p. This is an addition of 20 % and is in line with growing in EPS. Dividend screen remains a nice 2.8 times compared to the sector norm of 2.4.Dividend policy is progressive and NEXT ‘s purpose is to increase one-year dividend by at least 10 per centum in the current twelvemonth. Merely when the demands of the concern investing and dividend policy have been satisfied can NEXT use their excess in to hard currency for redemptions. ( Following PLC, fiscal times, 2010 )

Depreciation is provided to compose down the cost of belongings, works and equipment to their estimated residuary values based on current monetary values on the balance sheet day of the month, over their equal staying lives by equal one-year episodes. Their utile lives are besides reviewed yearly. ( Accounting policies, Next PLC ) .Inventories are valued at the lowest cyberspace realisable value which is based on selling monetary values less farther costs to be incurred to disposal. Capital outgo for the twelvemonth amounted to ?99m and NEXT are be aftering for ?121m in the current twelvemonth, loosely in line with implicit in depreciation ( ( Nxt.L ) NEXT PLC. )

The undermentioned explains some of NEXT ‘S accounting policies such as the impact NEXT historic cost convention on fixed plus rating and other notable points from Next ‘s fiscal statements.

Assetss used by the Group which have been funded through finance rentals are capitalised in fixed assets and the resulting rental duties are included in creditors. The assets are depreciated over their utile lives and the involvement component of the rental duties is charged to the income statement over the period of the rental and represents a changeless proportion of the balance of capital refunds outstanding. ( Property, works & A ; equipment ( IAS 16 ) ( Following Plc, accounting policies ) ,2010 ) .

IAS 16 requires residuary values to be based on monetary values current at the balance sheet day of the month, whereas under UK GAAP residuary values are based on monetary values predominating at the day of the month of acquisition. In the instance of the Group ‘s freehold and long leasehold belongings, the bulk of which are recorded at historical cost, residuary values assessed under IFRS are greater than the corresponding book values. Consequently, the depreciation charged on these belongingss after passage to IFRS will be zero, capable to an one-year reappraisal of residuary values. This increases reported net income for the twelvemonth ended January 2005 by ?1.9m ( following plc 4.4, Accounting policies 2010 ) .


I will now measuring the public presentation of the Next, by comparing it with some of the company ‘s past figures and its industry rivals. I will besides my note of cardinal points from fiscal statements. The 2 rivals I am utilizing will be Marks and Spencer and Debenhams. These are similar market retail merchants to NEXT. They have both expanded into the international market, whilst Debenhams have besides acquired different trade names within their merchandises as Following have.

Ratio analysis will be used to place cardinal points of NEXT ‘s strengths and failings, and assistance in measuring its fiscal place.

Profitability Ratios:

aˆ? Gross Profit Margin ( % )

| |2009 |2008 |2007 |2006 |2005 |

|NEXT plc |27.77 % |28.51 % |27.76 % |27.85 % |31.36 % |

|M & A ; S |37.21 % |38.65 % |38.90 % |38.29 % |35.49 % |

|Debenhams |14.32 % |14.76 % |16.93 % |18.66 % |18.43 % |

NEXT ‘s GP Margin has really small fluctuation and so maintains quite a changeless value over the old ages, which shows that the NEXT have the ability to render gross revenues straight into net income efficaciously. When looking at rivals, I feel Following demands to be able to obtain lower merchandise cost or unafraid premium monetary values in its market to hike the GPM to be at a more competitory degree to Marks and Spencer who are presently accomplishing a higher GPM. This could besides be due to Marks and Spencer offering more merchandises such as nutrient which assistance in them accomplishing their GPM.

aˆ? Return on Equity ( % ) ( ROE )

| |2009 |2008 |2007 |2006 |2005 |

|NEXT plc |193.10 % |-447.10 % |175.12 % |122.37 % |110.38 % |

|M & A ; S |24.40 % |41.99 % |40.07 % |45.28 % |n/a |

|Debenhams |28.40 % |84.52 % |69.45 % |116.51 % |-31.31 %

This shows that NEXT ‘s penchant stockholders net incomes point to a really profitable return on their financess invested, even though there was a hapless public presentation in 2008, but this could be due to the effects of the recession frightening investors off. For both penchant portions and dividends Next ‘s public presentation shows better return for penchant portions compared with their rivals.

aˆ? Return on Capital Employed ( % ) ( ROCE )

| |2009 |2008 |2007 |2006 |2005 |

|NEXT plc |40.10 % |84.73 % |57.47 % |62.51 % |65.54 % |

|M & A ; S |9.31 % |14.44 % |15.98 % |14.09 % |24.88 % |

|Debenhams |26.88 % |29.66 % |33.62 % |40.26 % |35.09 %

The ROCE for following fluctuates over the old ages with its lowest in the old twelvemonth 2009, which could be due to diminish in gross revenues over the recessive period, nevertheless compared to rivals the return ratio is higher every twelvemonth even in 2009 when they were at their lowest. The ROCE can besides be used to demo how capable direction were in gaining net incomes from the capital employed of the group.

Efficiency and Effectiveness:

aˆ? Net Asset Employee turnover

| |2009 |2008 |2007 |2006 |2005 |

|NEXT plc |1.84 |2.04 |2.09 |2.11 |2.26 |

|M & A ; S |1.20 |1.15 |1.46 |1.47 |2.65 |

|Debenhams |2.37 |2.31 |2.44 |2.33 |2.56 |

This shows NEXT ‘s public presentation in assets turnover over the old ages has been worsening and shows enlargement of the company during recession period as they used their capital employed more efficaciously whilst seeking to bring forth gross revenues. There is a similar tendency when looking at their rivals.

aˆ? Debtor Collection Period ( yearss )

| |2009 |2008 |2007 |2006 |2005 |

|NEXT plc |54.97 |52.50 |52.07 |48.81 |44.56 |

|M & A ; S |3.36 |3.42 |2.89 |1.97 |1.28 |

|Debenhams |4.21 |2.75 |5.55 |4.59 |2.47 |

The debitor aggregation period over the old ages illustrates low efficiency of debitor direction, which is a similar state of affairs when compared with rivals i.e hapless direction for histories receivable in NEXT.

aˆ? Creditor Payment Period ( yearss )

| |2009 |2008 |2007 |2006 |2005 |

|NEXT plc |22.85 |19.19 |19.37 |20.38 |20.01 |

|M & A ; S |14.38 |9.18 |11.04 |11.36 |8.98 |

|Debenhams |52.15 |51.03 |52.70 |42.66 |44.43 |

This shows that NEXT ‘ is really able to pay providers as the figures are really stable over the old ages demoing efficiency of direction for histories collectible to creditors. When compared to rivals Next has a shorter period of refund, which gives them a good repute every bit far as refunds go every bit good as helping in relationships with their providers, therefore they could be eligible to have price reductions.


aˆ? Current Ratio

| |2009 |2008 |2007 |2006 |2005 |

|NEXT plc |2.51 |1.56 |2.13 |1.95 |2.04 |

|M & A ; S |1.74 |1.89 |1.81 |1.63 |0.65 |

|Debenhams |1.37 |1.34 |1.24 |1.27 |1.15 |

The figures shows the clip NEXT takes to change over short term assets into hard currency to pay outstanding dept is at a good which shows the company ‘s ability to run into debt duties and so is utile when demoing creditors. When compared to rivals NEXT ‘s figures are higher which shows a lower efficiency of working capital, which they could set to better usage seting it in to assorted countries of their concern e.g. research and development Centres.

aˆ? Quick ( Acid Test )

| |2009 |2008 |2007 |2006 |2005 |

|NEXT plc |0.93 |0.54 |0.82 |0.66 |1.05 |

|M & A ; S |0.37 |0.35 |0.27 |0.38 |n/a |

|Debenhams |0.36 |0.1 |0.18 |0.12 |n/a |

NEXT ‘s public presentation shows inability to settle liabilities particularly in 2006 and 2008. This is an issue that needs to be improved as it can frighten off possible investors, unless Next have a sufficient overdraft so there is less of an issue. Compared to rivals they are making good in this country transcending them in every twelvemonth.

aˆ? Net incomes per Share ( EPS )

| |2009 |2008 |2007 |2006 |2005 |

|NEXT plc |1.53 |1.76 |1.45 |1.22 |1.15 |

|M & A ; S |0.32 |0.49 |0.39 |0.31 |0.34 |

The figures represented show increasing net incomes per portion are by and large good mark, with the exclusion 2009 because of lower net income borders during the same period. Next has the highest public presentation in net incomes per portion over the old ages which is attractive for stockholders and investors.

The above figures come from the Fame web site ( FAME and London Stock Exchange database ) .


NEXT ‘s competence to reassign gross revenues in to gain is really efficient which is shown by their GP border which remains rather stable over the 5 twelvemonth period. They need to happen a manner to accomplish lower merchandise cost to vie with rivals. They need to be able to command their operating expenses to obtain maximal efficiency even though there public presentation is higher than their rivals.

Profitable returns on financess invested by stockholders are indicated when looking at NEXT ‘s penchant stockholder net incomes which are speckless when compared with their rivals. Due to the recession the ROCE for NEXT shows the return on capital employed by NEXT demonstrates hesitating stableness through the old ages particularly in 2009, mostly due to the recession. However their figures are once more higher than their rivals.

NEXT ‘s assets turnover over the old ages decreased and so they demonstrated enlargement of the company even during recession and their ability to use their capital employed to bring forth gross revenues to vie with their challengers, hence exemplifying the trouble to fit gross revenues.

The debitor receivable period addition as the old ages advancement which show inability of directors in this country. The state of affairs is reflected when looking at rivals but with following it is on a larger graduated table. Management in this section needs to better. On the impudent side Next show efficiency in paying their creditors, demoing effectual direction and besides exposing a good repute towards creditors.

Shows that clip to change over short term assets to hard currency to pay creditors is all right but compared to the recession they could utilize their working capital more expeditiously by reinvesting it in to assorted countries of the concern. Their efficiency to pay immediate liabilities is low and needs to be enhanced unless they have a capable overdraft installation.

The figures represented show increasing net incomes per portion are by and large good mark, with the exclusion 2009 because of lower net income borders during the same period. Next has the highest public presentation in net incomes per portion over the old ages which are attractive for stockholders and investors. Overall NEXT ‘s public presentation is really attractive in footings of stockholders and investors and ability to pay creditors, their usage of capital to bring forth gross revenues even though it could be enhanced. They need to concentrate on paying immediate liabilities and direction issues in debt receivables. Overall they are in really good place in the market and are really competitory in footings of their challengers.

Stock Performance Chart for NEXT PLC


Other relevant information from an accounting position.

From the tabular array above it can be seen that the monetary value has fluctuated over the past 5 old ages, increasing from 2005 until halfway through 2007 where it reaches its extremum. Then the monetary value beads due to recession in 2008 and 2009 while the net incomes per portion ( EPS ) bit by bit increase and go on increasing through to 2010 as the monetary value easy starts to increase once more in correlativity with the recession shacking. From the prognosis it can besides be seen that the EPS and monetary value will increase as following spell in to 2011 fiscal period.


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