Leadership in Management They are a number of leadership styles. Identify these and examine which ones/s John Terrill used. In this case study that focus on leadership, leadership is defines as the behaviour of an individual when he or she is directing the activities of a group towards a shared goal. So based on this case study, there are 3 leadership approach that John Terrill use. The leadership approaches are democratic style, motivation, and path- goal theory.
In democratic style, which defines as a leader who tended to involve employees in decision making, delegate authority, encourage participation in deciding work methods and goals and use feedback as an opportunity for coaching employees (Robbins et al. 2006, p. 570). Furthermore in this leadership style it has a positive impact on the workplace climate. The pace-setting leader builds challenging and exciting goals for employees, expecting excellence and often exemplifying it themselves (Stoner, 1982 p. 471).
They identify the poor performers and demand more of them to prove whether they are going to be able to pull their weight. If necessary, they will roll up their sleeves and rescue the situation themselves (Sheldrake, 1996 p. 76). What this shows in john Terrill approach in democratic style is that he shows responsibility and understanding towards the employees. By showings his democratic leadership towards the employees, employees will feel in control of their own destiny, such as promotion they desire and so are motivated to work hard by more than jus a financial reward.
In the path- goal theory of leadership, this theory describes how the leader influences the employees’ goals and the paths to reach those goals (Robbins et al. 2006, p 577). The Path-Goal theory is a useful framework for understanding the effect of a leader’s behaviour on employee satisfaction and morale ( Miner, 1980 p 291). In the case of John Terrill in his approach of leadership, he shows concern towards the employees by asking the employees (engineers) that the day reports from the engineers should be sent directly to his office daily instead of mailing to the headquarters.
With his approach of his path- goal theory of leadership, the supportive leadership shown by John Terrill will in fact help the employees to increase their job satisfaction and have greater confidence in their field. Thus, an organization will meet their goal easily. In motivation, motivation refers to the process that account for an individual’s willingness to exert high levels of effort to reach organizational goals, conditioned by the efforts ability to satisfy some individual need (Robbins et al. 2006, p 524).
What motivation applies in john Terrill leadership is that he motivates the employees by supporting the employees’ complaint regarding about their reports that has not been read. With this approach, employees will enhance their job performance and also their take pride in their task given. Furthermore, this concept of motivation can relate to empowerment, which explains about giving employees more responsibility and decision-making authority increases their realm of control over the tasks for which they are held responsible and better equips them to carry out those tasks (Hogetts 1983, p 212).
As a result with the motivation and empowerment, the employees’ feelings of frustration arising from being held accountable for something one does not have the resources to carry out are diminished. Energy is diverted from self-preservation to improved task accomplishment (Sheldrake, 1996 p 82). In conclusion, leadership is a very complex process that requires a lot of attention and energy from both the leader and members. In John Terrill leadership styles, he must have the powers which can help to provide the managers the abilities to influence the employees.
Beside that, he must be very careful when choosing the type of leadership because it may hinder the productivity of the employees. So all in all, the democratic style, motivation and path-goal theory are considered the best way for John Terrill leadership styles. What leadership approach would you have taken in this situation and why? My approach of leadership would be participative leadership and charismatic- visionary leadership. Basically in my view as a leader, a leader should be someone that understand their employee and also be in part of the employee’s ask which can conclude in participative leadership and charismatic leadership. In that case study, the engineers in the technical services division are angry is because the manager do not read their reports. As a result, low productivity in the technical department. John Terrill leadership styles which are democratic style, path-goal theory and motivation are considered the best way to handle that situation. Well in my leadership approach is basically similar in a sense of democratic style and motivation method. The first of my leadership approach of this situation is participative leadership.
In the AYKYA helping entrepreneurs to succeed website (n. d), participative leadership explains about a leader involving members or employees in making decisions. This approach is essential when creative thinking is needed to solve problems such as the report that has been read by managers. Being a participative leader means involving your team in making some decisions. In the case study, the mangers are not participative is because they think they need to be strong, tough, independent and decisive to be seen as an effective manager. They feel that being participative might make them seem weak or indecisive.
In my opinion, leader or manager that uses the autocratic style of leadership will not manage to run an organization successful. Due to that, employee productivity will be low and also they will not show their true abilities in their work or can be say a pride in their work. So the question is why participative leadership is important for an organization? For an organization such as DGL international which manufacture refinery equipment, this organization requires skilled and patient engineers to make sure the equipment quality is in top notch, So being a leader, participative leadership proves useful for this organization.
In my approach of participative leadership, I will motivate the employees as involving them in important decisions, in this way, employees who play a part in deciding what to do feel a much greater amount if ownership over making it happen. In my second approach of leadership would be charismatic- visionary leadership. In the focus of charismatic leader, a charismatic leader is defining as an enthusiastic, self-confident leader whose personality and actions influence people to behave in certain way ( Robbins et al. 006, p 580) A charismatic leader have the ability to sense the gap that exists between what an organization is delivering to its followers and what the followers need from an organization. Being a charismatic leader, I would use my personal charm such as, being friendly and communicating frequently with the employees. In this approach, the strong charismatic influence over the employees will in fact motivate the employees to exert extra work effort, and, because they like their leader, express greater satisfaction (Robbins et al. 2006, p 580).
In the focus of visionary leadership, the meaning of visionary leadership is the ability to create and articulate a realistic, credible and attractive vision of the future that improves upon the present situation (Robbins et al. 2006, p 582). Being a visionary leadership in the situation of technical services division, I must make sure that the engineers will me motivated in their work so that in the future the organization performance will be good. All in all, the participative leadership and charismatic-visionary leadership are considered the best way of leading style for an organization. (1,369 word)