Maximizing value and minimising waste by implementing thin techniques for building undertakings
Rationale for the survey:
Undertakings are impermanent production systems. When those systems are structured to present the merchandise while maximising value and minimising waste, they are said to be ‘lean ‘ undertakings. Lean undertaking direction differs from traditional undertaking direction non merely in the ends it pursues, but besides in the construction of its stages, the relationship between stages and the participants in each stage.
The building industry is good known for its disconnected construction with multiple stakeholders and its singularity in merchandises. These grounds, among others, have significantly slowed research and development in the industry. Taking into consideration the extended impact the industry has on national economic systems and society as a whole it is of import to see the industry advancement. The industry has been blamed for dawdling behind other industries with regard to productiveness betterment, cost decrease, and undertaking continuance. This may be because the building industry has lacked cardinal research and apprehension of the assorted building procedures and their interactions on building undertakings. ( e.g. , Tucker and Laufer 1987, Koskela 1992, 2000 ) .
Thin building much like current pattern has the end of better meeting client demands while utilizing less of everything. But unlike current pattern, thin building remainders on production direction rules, the “ natural philosophies ” of building. The consequence is a new undertaking bringing system that can be applied to any sort of building but is peculiarly suited for complex, unsure, and speedy undertakings.
Thin Construction is a production management-based attack to project bringing
– a new manner to plan and construct capital installations. Thin production direction has caused a revolution in fabricating design, supply and assembly. Applied to building, Lean changes the manner work is done throughout the bringing procedure. Thin Construction extends from the aims of a thin production system – maximise value and minimise waste – to specific techniques and applies them in a new undertaking bringing procedure. As a consequence:
& A ; acirc ; ˆ? The installation and its bringing procedure are designed together to better reveal and support client intents. Positive loop within the procedure is supported and negative loop reduced.
& A ; acirc ; ˆ? Work is structured throughout the procedure to maximise value and to cut down waste at the undertaking bringing degree.
& A ; acirc ; ˆ? Attempts to pull off and better public presentation are aimed at bettering entire undertaking public presentation because it is more of import than cut downing the cost or increasing the velocity of any activity.
& A ; acirc ; ˆ? “ Control ” is redefined from “ monitoring consequences ” to “ doing things go on. ”
The public presentation of the planning and control systems is measured and improved.The dependable release of work between specializers in design, supply and assembly assures value is delivered to the client and waste is reduced. Thin building is peculiarly utile on complex, unsure and speedy undertakings. It challenges the belief that there must ever be a trade between clip, cost, and quality.
There is still deficiency of information related to thin building. Analyzing assorted causes and grounds that contribute to a undertaking ‘s hold and cost overproductions are an of import undertaking.
This research is intended to verify and reevaluated the position of bing productiveness and public presentations on building activities and procedures for local building industries. This is meant to hold a clearer image on how “ thin ” is local building industry performed presently under the digest of new measuring parametric quantities on peculiarly on waste and rhythm clip refering to the constructs and rules of Thin Construction.
1.Examine the general perceptual experiences of the local building industry with the thin building rules of patterns.
2. Determine the grade of jobs arisen from wastes identified in bing scenario and patterns in local building industry.
3. Identify the beginning of wastes ( classified under thin building ) and related them to the waste identified in local building industry.
4. Analyze the possible undertaking productiveness betterments by cut downing and extinguishing the wastes as classified under thin building
Can betterments in undertaking bringing, value coevals, or waste decrease be achieved by engrafting Lean techniques?
Proposed Research Method ;
1. Literature reappraisal
This survey will reexamine the relevant literature on the topic of Lean Construction. In order to accomplish the aims, a elaborate reappraisal is to be conducted by analyzing text books, academic diaries and conference documents.
2. The chief survey and analysis
The 2nd and 3rd aims can be attained by analysing present undertakings which will be acquired from building industry in UAE. A elaborate survey will be undertaken in order to happen out the consequence for the evidences of Thin Construction.
3. Interviews with building professionals
An interview questionnaire will be prepared for this survey and carried out to acquire assorted responses from several constructional professionals to find the what are the impacts after implementing Thin Construction.
– Ballard, G. ( 1998 ) Positive V negative loop in design, in Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, Brighton, UK, July, 1998.
-Ballard, G. ( 1999a ) Work Structuring. White Paper # 5, Lean Construction Institute, Las Vegas, NV [ www.leanconstruction.org ] .
-Ballard, G. ( 1999b ) Can draw techniques be used in design? , in Proceedings of the Conference on Concurrent Engineering in Construction, Espoo, Finland, August, 1999.
-Ballard, G. ( 2000a ) Phase Scheduling White Paper # 7, Lean Construction Institute, Las Vegas, NV [ www.leanconstruction.org ] .
-Project Management Institute www.PMI.org
Koskela, L. ( 1992 ) Application of the New Production Philosophy to Construction. Technical Report 72, CIFE, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
-Koskea, L. ( 2000 ) An Exploration Towards a Production Theory and its Application to Construction, VTT Publications, 408, VTT Building Technology, Espoo [ hypertext transfer protocol: //www.inf.vtt.fi/pdf/ publications/2000 P408.pdf ]
-Koskela, L. ( 2001 ) New footers to Shingo, in Proceedings of the 9th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, National University of Singapore, Singapore.