Medical Terminology Ch. 4

A) drop is and add es
To build the plural form of words ending in is

A) drop is and add es
B) drop is and add ex
C) drop is and add ices
D) drop is and add a
E) retain is and add es

B) gray
The combining form poli/o means

A) paralyzed
B) gray
C) green
D) weakness
E) injury

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D) bronchus–bronchial
Which of the following is not a singular–plural pairing?

A) bursa–bursae
B) thorax–thoraces
C) radius–radii
D) bronchus–bronchial
E) atrium–atria

A) -algia
The suffix -dynia means pain. Which of the following is another suffix for pain?

A) -algia
B) -emesis
C) -plasia
D) -ectasis
E) -poiesis

D) suprarenal
Which term below means pertaining to above the kidney?

A) perirenal
B) intrarenal
C) pararenal
D) suprarenal
E) infrarenal

E) polyphobia
Which of the following words means fear of many things?

A) multiphobic
B) quadriphobia
C) macrophobia
D) superphobic
E) polyphobia

A) cancer
Which of the following is a neoplastic disorder?

A) cancer
B) burn or trauma
C) measles
D) diabetes
E) mumps

B) endo-
Which of the following prefixes means in, within?

A) extra-
B) endo-
C) exo-
D) ecto-
E) B and D

D) gastr/plasty
Which of the following words is built incorrectly?

A) my/algia
B) nephr/o/dynia
C) aden/oid
D) gastr/plasty
E) py/o/rrhea

B) false
When a suffix that begins with a vowel is added, the combining form, rather than the word root, precedes the suffix.

A) true
B) false

E) hepat/o/cele
Hepat/o means liver. Which of the following words means swelling or hernia of the liver?

A) hepat/oma
B) hepat/o/centesis
C) hepat/ic
D) hepat/itis
E) hepat/o/cele

D) mono-
The prefix uni- has the same meaning as

A) micro-
B) meso-
C) epi-
D) mono-
E) ante-

B) cardi/o/graph
Which of the following words means instrument for recording activity of the heart?

A) cardi/o/version
B) cardi/o/graph
C) cardi/o/graphy
D) cardi/o/meter
E) A and B

D) fornices
Which of the following words is the plural form of fornix?

A) forniae
B) fornima
C) fornum
D) fornices
E) fornia

B) cauterization
To destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat or corrosive chemicals is

A) I &D
B) cauterization
C) fulguration
D) curettage
E) anastomosis

A) against bacteria
Antibacterial refers to an agent used

A) against bacteria
B) to culture bacteria
C) to support bacteria
D) to enhance bacteria
E) to verify bacteria

C) shape
The combining form morph/o means

A) missing
B) malignant
C) shape
D) body
E) sound

B) primigravida
Which of the following terms means first pregnancy?

A) multigravida
B) primigravida
C) polygravida
D) agravida
E) homogravida

E) hepatitis
Which term below does not contain a prefix?

A) tachypnea
B) transfusion
C) dyspepsia
D) contraception
E) hepatitis

C) xanth/o, cirrh/o
Which of the following pairs of combining forms means yellow?

A) cyan/o, cirrh/o
B) cirrh/o, rube/o
C) xanth/o, cirrh/o
D) xanth/o, anthrac/o
E) cyan/o, rube/o

D) scler/osis
Which of the following words is an example of a word root used to link a suffix that begins with a vowel?

A) cardi/o/centesis
B) enter/o/lysis
C) therm/o/meter
D) scler/osis
E) cardi/o/megaly

B) false
In the word salpingitis, the g is given a hard sound

A) true
B) false

A) true
The suffix -plegia means paralysis

A) true
B) false

E) bronchi/ectasis
Which of the following words means dilation or expansion of the bronchus?

A) broch/o/cele
B) bronch/o/rrhagia
C) bronch/itis
D) bronchi/o/spasm
E) bronchi/ectasis

C) in, within
The prefix intra- means

A) between
B) below
C) in, within
D) through
E) excessive

D) pelvimeter
Which of the following words means instrument for measuring the pelvis?

A) pelviscope
B) pelvimetry
C) pelvitomer
D) pelvimeter
E) pelvometer

A) -edema–pain
Which of the following suffixes is incorrectly paired with a meaning?

A) -edema–pain
B) -ectasis–dilation, expansion
C) -tripsy–crushing
D) -osis–abnormal condition
E) -plasia–formation, growth

B) false
Spinal is a noun form

A) true
B) false

C) mastopexy
Which of the following words means fixation of a breast?

A) mastodesis
B) mastocentesis
C) mastopexy
D) mastoclasis
E) mastectasis

B) suffixes
Word endings are called

A) prefixes
B) suffixes
C) vowels
D) consonants
E) word roots

E) poli/o
The combining form for gray is

A) viscer/o
B) somat/o
C) morph/o
D) poli/o
E) acr/o

C) midsagittal
Which of the following is the plane dividing the body into right and left halves?

A) coronal
B) lateral
C) midsagittal
D) frontal
E) horizontal

D) epithelial
Which of the following terms refers to a tissue type that covers the surfaces of organs, lines cavities and makes up the epidermis?

A) muscular
B) nervous
C) hematic
D) epithelial
E) connective

A) true
MRI uses a magnetic field rather than an x-ray to produce an image

A) true
B) false

C) thoracic
The body cavity that contains the lungs is which of the following?

A) abdominopelvic
B) cranial
C) thoracic
D) spinal
E) dorsal

B) false
Cleft lip is an example of a congenital disorder

A) true
B) false

E) anthrac/o, purple
Which set of terms is mismatched?

A) xanth/o, yellow
B) chlor/o, green
C) erythr/o, red
D) leuk/o, white
E) anthrac/o, purple

E) peristalsis
The rhythmic contraction of a tubular organ to propel its contents is known as

A) a spasm
B) adhesion
C) claudication
D) an infaction
E) peristalsis

B) on the sole of the foot
A plantar wart is located

A) on the top of the hand
B) on the sole of the foot
C) on the neck
D) on the thorax
E) in the axilla

B) suppurative
The term that means producing or associated with the generation of pus is

A) inflammation
B) suppurative
C) edematous
D) erythroplakia
E) leukoplakia

D) yellow
Xanthocyte is a cell that appears

A) blue
B) red
C) green
D) yellow
E) gray

A) inflammation
The body defense against injury, infection or allergy is

A) inflammation
B) metabolism
C) homeostasis
D) adhesion
E) adduction

A) two dorsal cavities and two ventral cavites
The coronal plane divides the body into

A) two dorsal cavities and two ventral cavities
B) one dorsal cavity and one ventral cavity
C) two dorsal cavities and one ventral cavity
D) one dorsal cavity and two ventral cavities
E) none of the above

A) true
The coccyx is the tailbone

A) true
B) false

C) leuk/o
The combining form for white is

A) xanth/o
B) erythr/o
C) leuk/o
D) chlor/o
E) anthrac/o

A) true
Supine means lying on the back with the face upward.

A) true
B) false

C) neur/oma
Which of the following words means tumor composed of nerve cells?

A) neur/o/lysis
B) neur/o/logy
C) neur/oma
D) neur/itis
E) neur/algia

B) coronal
Which of the following is the plane that divides the body into front and back aspects?

A) ventral
B) coronal
C) sagittal
D) dorsal
E) transverse

C) symptom
What does the abbreviation Sx mean?

A) scan
B) sign
C) symptom
D) social
E) serial

B) feverish
The term febrile means

A) weak
B) feverish
C) healthy
D) ill
E) tepid

A) true
Viscer/o/megaly means enlargement of internal organs

A) true
B) false

B) pathological
A morbid condition is one that is

A) normal
B) pathological
C) aggressive
D) objective
E) subjective

D) right hypochondriac
Which of the following refers to the upper-right abdominopelvic region beneath the ribs?

A) right lumbar
B) epigastric
C) right inguinal
D) right hypochondriac
E) umbilical

A) doppler
Which of the following is an ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood-flow velocity?

A) doppler
B) echography
C) sonography
D) fluoroscopy
E) tomography

B) false
The sacral region is the upper back

A) true
B) false

A) etiology
The study of the cause of a disease is which of the following?

A) etiology
B) iatrogenesis
C) prognosis
D) homeopathy
E) pathogenesis

D) symptom
Malaise is an example of a/an

A) disease
B) sign
C) pathogen
D) symptom
E) infection

C) radionuclides
Substances used in radiology that emit radiation spontaneously are

A) radiopaque dyes
B) contrast dyes
C) radionuclides
D) ionizing radiations
E) Geiger counters

C) cervical
The term that refers to the neck is

A) sacral
B) coccygeal
C) cervical
D) thoracic
E) lumbar

B) organelle
A cellular structure that provides a specialized function is a/an

A) molecule
B) organelle
C) protein
D) chemical
E) compound

C) body is erect, and the eyes are looking forward
In the anatomical position, the

A) body is lying down, face upward
B) arms are folded across the chest
C) body is erect, and the eyes are looking forward
D) palms of hands face backward
E) toes point outward

C) punch
Which of the following is a type of biopsy where a small core of tissue is removed for evaluation?

A) shave
B) frozen section
C) punch
D) needle
E) scalpel

E) idiopathic
A disease of unknown cause is described as

A) pathogenic
B) diagnostic
C) iatrogenic
D) prognostic
E) idiopathic

A) true
Anterior and ventral refer to the front of the body

A) true
B) false

D) anastomosis
The surgical joining of two ducts or blood vessels to allow flow from one to the other is an/a

A) aneurysm
B) ablation
C) diverticulum
D) anastomosis
E) anaplasia

A) two dorsal cavities and two ventral cavities
The coronal plane divided the body into

A) two dorsal cavities and two ventral cavities
B) one dorsal cavity and one ventral cavity
C) two dorsal cavities and one ventral cavity
D) one dorsal cavity and two ventral cavities
E) none of the above

A) true
Supine means lying on the back with the face upward

A) true
B) false

C) symptom
What does the abbreviation Sx means?

A) scan
B) sign
C) symptom
D) social
E) serial

B) cauterization
To destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat or corrosive chemicals is

A) I&D
B) cauterization
C) fulguration
D) curettage
E) anastomosis

D) the diaphragm
The thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by

A) the spinal column
B) the peritoneum
C) quadrants
D) the diaphragm
E) the umbilicus

B) false
Home/o is the combining form that means blood.

A) true
B) false

A) treatment
The abbreviation Tx means

A) treatment
B) terminal
C) touch
D) tail
E) toxic

C) different colors
The term heterochromic means

A) different size
B) different nucleus
C) different colors
D) different morphology
E) different shapes

C) MRI
A noninvasive technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce images of internal structures is a/an

A) CAT scan
B) US
C) MRI
D) PET
E) Doppler

A) arranged in continuous sheets
Epithelial tissue is composed of cells

A) arranged in continuous sheets
B) that exhibit contractability
C) that support other tissues and organs
D) capable of transmitting electrical impulses
E) that connect other tissues and organs

C) idi/o
The combining form for unknown or peculiar is

A) home/o
B) proxim/o
C) idi/o
D) ventr/o
E) odont/o

E) connective
The tissue type that forms blood, fat, and fibroblasts is which of the following?

A) muscular
B) nervous
C) lymphatic
D) epithelial
E) connective

A) jaund/o
The combining form for yellow is

A) jaund/o
B) omphal/o
C) lumb/o
D) acr/o
E) intern/o

A) cell
The combining form cyt/o means

A) cell
B) organ
C) system
D) organism
E) tissue

C) ileum-ilea
Which of the following is not a noun-adjective pairing?

A) mucus-mucous
B) myocardium-myocardial
C) ileum-ilea
D) duodenum-duodenal
E) colon-colic

B) phlebostenosis
Which of the following words means narrowing of a vein?

A) venodesis
B) phlebostenosis
C) venotaxia
D) phlebectasis
E) venotripsy

B) pathological
A morbid condition is one that is

A) normal
B) pathological
C) aggressive
D) objective
E) subjective

D) monocyte
Which of the following terms contains a prefix?

A) gastritis
B) hepatoma
C) cardiology
D) monocyte
E) nephritis

A) outside the cranium (skull)
The medical term extracranial means

A) outside the cranium (skull)
B) above the cranium (skull)
C) rapid movement of the cranium (skull)
D) inside the cranium (skull)
E) connected with the cranium (skull)

A) amastia
The term that means without a breast is

A) amastia
B) dystmastia
C) eumastia
D) hemimastia
E) supermastia

A) true
Viscer/o/megaly means enlarement of internal organs

A) true
B) false

D) anatomical structure
What does the word root in a medical term usually indicate?

A) position
B) number
C) condition
D) anatomical structure
E) procedure

B) procedure, condition, disease or part of speech
In medical terminology, a suffix usually indicates

A) position, direction, color, number or negation
B) procedure, condition, disease or part of speech
C) position, direction or color
D) color, number, condition or disease
E) procedure, condition or negation

A) adjective
The word mucous is a/an

A) adjective
B) adverb
C) noun
D) plural form
E) singular form

E) through, across
The prefix dia- means

A) away from
B) within
C) wide
D) against
E) through, across

B) cardium
Which of the following terms is a noun form for heart?

A) cardiac
B) cardium
C) cardial
D) cardii
E) cardiae

D) prefix
Macroglossia means large tongue. In this word, macro- is a

A) consonant
B) suffix
C) word root
D) prefix
E) combining form

A) true
The word gastroenterologist is an example of a compound word

A) true
B) false

C) a suffix that begins with a consonant
A combining vowel is used before

A) another word root
B) a prefix
C) a suffix that begins with a consonant
D) a compound word
E) none of the above

B) they have only one word element and a suffix
Which of the following statements about compound words is false?

A) they may contain two or more roots
B) they have only one word element and a suffix
C) their word elements are usually linked by combining vowels
D) they may contain two or more combining forms
E) their roots may refer to anatomical structures and organs

C) condition
The suffix -ism means

A) small
B) specialist
C) condition
D) pertaining to
E) treatment

A) true
The suffix -stomy indicates a surgical procedure

A) true
B) false

B) above, upon
In the term epidermis, epi- means

A) on the side
B) above, upon
C) around
D) under, below
E) away from

E) connective
The tissue type that forms blood, fat and fibroblasts is which of the following?

A) muscular
B) nervous
C) lymphatic
D) epithelial
E) connective

B) gastritis
Which of the following words means inflammation of the stomach?

A) stomatoitis
B) gastritis
C) nephritis
D) gastroitis
E) stomatitis

D) -rrhaphy
Which of the following suffixes means suture?

A) -rrhapy
B) -centesis
C) -rrhagia
D) -rrhaphy
E) -rrhexis

C) oste/o/genesis
Oste/o means bone. Which of the following is the term for forming, producing, or origin of bone?

A) oste/o/malacia
B) oste/o/clast
C) oste/o/genesis
D) oste/o/porosis
E) oste/o/metry

C) excess, beyond
The prefix ultra- means

A) across, through
B) beneath, under
C) excess, beyond
D) toward
E) away from

B) -tripsy
Which of the following suffixes means crushing?

A) -pexy
B) -tripsy
C) -plexy
D) -centesis
E) -poiesis

D) prognosis
The prediction of the course of a disease is the

A) etiology
B) diagnosis
C) homeostasis
D) prognosis
E) synthesis

A) bacteria
The plural form for bacterium is

A) bacteria
B) bacteries
C) bacterial
D) bacterion
E) bacteriae

B) false
The suffix for incision is -ectomy

A) true
B) false

B) toward the sternum
Adsternal means

A) within the sternum
B) toward the sternum
C) under the sternum
D) upon the sternum
E) away from the sternum

B) false
The suffix -philia means fear

A) true
B) false

B) false
Medical is a noun form

A) true
B) false

D) circum-
Which of the following prefixes means around?

A) trans-
B) dia-
C) supra-
D) circum-
E) esto-

B) microcephaly
The suffix -cephaly refers to the head. Which of the following words means small head?

A) macrocephaly
B) microcephaly
C) monocephaly
D) morocephaly
E) midcephaly

C) “eye”
In the terms bronchi and fungi, the “i” is pronounced

A) “ah”
B) “ee”
C) “eye”
D) both B and C
E) both A and C

D) toward
The prefix ad- means

A) from
B) around
C) near
D) toward
E) over

A) knowing
The suffix -gnosis means

A) knowing
B) disease
C) record
D) swelling
E) closure

A) lith/o/tomy
Which of the following words means incision to remove a stone?

A) lith/o/tomy
B) lith/o/graph
C) lith/ectomy
D) lith/o/stomy
E) lith/o/graphy

B) slow heartbeat
The medical term bradycardia means

A) irregular heartbeat
B) slow heartbeat
C) normal heartbeat
D) intensified heartbeat
E) rapid heartbeat

E) peristalsis
The rhythmic contraction of a tubular organ to propel its contents is known as

A) a spasm
B) adhesion
C) claudication
D) an infarction
E) peristalsis

C) pleura-pleural
Which set of terms is not a singular-plural pairing?

A) ganglion-ganglia
B) lumen-lumina
C) pleura-pleural
D) deformity-deformities
E) apex-apices

D) bronchus-bronchial
Which of the following is not a singular-plural pairing?

A) bursa-bursae
B) thorax-thoraces
C) radius-radii
D) bronchus-bronchial
E) atrium-atria

E) disease
The suffix -pathy means

A) knowing
B) swelling
C) expansion
D) stricture
E) disease

E) tachy-
Which of the following prefixes means rapid?

A) brady-
B) supra-
C) eu-
D) contra-
E) tachy-

A) true
Tissue is a noun form

A) true
B) false

B) false
The combining vowel e is commonly used to form medical words

A) true
B) false

A) nephr
Which of the following elements is a word root?

A) nephr
B) nephro
C) nephros
D) nephrotomy
E) tomy

B) false
The suffix -lysis means puncture

A) true
B) false

A) true
Muscular is an adjective form

A) true
B) false

B) hepat/o/megaly
Which of the following words means enlargement of the liver?

A) hepat/oma
B) hepat/o/megaly
C) mega/hepat/ic
D) macro/hepat/oma
E) hepat/o/cele

A) multi-
The prefix meaning many, much is

A) multi-
B) uni-
C) macro-
D) di-
E) none

B) false
Epigastric means behind the stomach

A) true
B) false

A) true
Gastr/o/rrhexis is a rupture of the stomach

A) true
B) false

D) o
Which of the following vowels is most commonly attached to word roots to create combining forms?

A) a
B) e
C) i
D) o
E) u

A) true
Radial is an adjective form

A) true
B) false

B) around the tonsils
The medical term peritonsillar means

A) beneath the tonsils
B) around the tonsils
C) above the tonsils
D) to the side of a tonsil
E) inside a tonsil

A) eu-
Which of the following prefixes means good, normal?

A) eu-
B) homo-
C) dys-
D) mal-
E) syn-

D) development, nourishment
In the word dystrophy, the suffix -trophy means

A) paralysis
B) displacement
C) stricture
D) development, nourishment
E) accomplishment

E) bronchi/ectasis
Which of the following words means dilation or expansion of the bronchus?

A) bronch/o/cele
B) bronch/o/rrhagia
C) bronch/itis
D) bronchi/o/spasm
E) bronchi/ectasis

E) consonant
In medical word building, a combining form is used to link a suffix that begins with a

A) letter o
B) word root
C) prefix
D) vowel
E) consonant

B) false
All medical words contain prefixes

A) true
B) false

B) neuralgia
Which of the following words means pain in a nerve?

A) neuroblast
B) neuralgia
C) neuroclonic
D) neuroglia
E) none of the above

D) prenatal
Which of the following words means before birth?

A) postnatal
B) neonatal
C) supranatal
D) prenatal
E) supernatal

C) nuclei
The plural form of nucleus is

A) nuclear
B) nucleolus
C) nuclei
D) nucleic
E) nucleii

D) anastomosis
The surgical joining of two ducts or blood vessels to allow flow from one to the other is a/an

A) aneurysm
B) ablation
C) diverticulum
D) anastomosis
E) anaplasia

C) “ss”
The letter combination ps at the beginning of a word (as in psychosis) is pronounced

A) “pee”
B) “eff”
C) “ss”
D) “sh”
E) “cee”

B) organism
A complete, living entity capable of independent existence is called a/an

A) animal
B) organism
C) human being
D) creature
E) man

A) true
Infrapubic means below or under the pubis

A) true
B) false

A) true
Gastr/algia and gastr/o/dynia have the same meaning

A) true
B) false

C) arteriorrhexis
Which of the following words means rupture of an artery?

A) hemorrhage
B) menorrhagia
C) arteriorrhexis
D) A and B
E) A and C

D) same
The prefix homo- means

A) against
B) good
C) all
D) same
E) union

B) cauterization
To destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat or corrosive chemicals is

A) I & D
B) cauterization
C) fulguration
D) curettage
E) anastomosis

B) enlargement
The suffix -megaly means

A) decrease
B) enlargement
C) stricture
D) separation
E) softening

E) -centesis
Which of the following suffixes means surgical puncture?

A) -plasty
B) -desis
C) -ectasis
D) -clasis
E) -centesis

B) contra-
Which of the following prefixes means against?

A) dys-
B) contra-
C) homo-
D) ante-
E) syn-

A) true
Gastr/o is a combining form

A) true
B) false

A) decrease, deficiency
The suffix -penia means

A) decrease, deficiency
B) fixation
C) prolapse
D) production
E) pain

C) punch
Which of the following is a type of biopsy where a small core of tissue is removed for evaluation?

A) shave
B) frozen section
C) punch
D) neede
E) scalpel

B) false
All medical words have a prefix

A) true
B) false

D) hyperemesis
Which of the following words means excessive vomiting?

A) emotology
B) hypoemesis
C) hematemesis
D) hyperemesis
E) A and C

E) hernia, swelling
The suffix -cele means

A) suture
B) to break
C) dilation
D) puncture
E) hernia, swelling

D) bursae
The plural form of bursa is

A) bursi
B) bursium
C) bursices
D) bursae
E) bursal

A) “eh”
The oe in roentgen is pronounced

A) “eh”
B) “oy”
C) “u”
D) “o”
E) “a”

E) hyper-
Which of the following elements is a prefix?

A) abdomin-
B) abdomino-
C) tomy-
D) abdomen-
E) hyper-

E) rectum
All of the following terms are adjectives EXCEPT

A) cutaneous
B) acoustic
C) hypodermic
D) pulmonary
E) rectum

C) noun
The word leukemia is a/an

A) adverb
B) verb
C) noun
D) adjective
E) pronoun

C) -desis
Which of the following suffixes means binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)?

A) -plasty
B) -pexy
C) -desis
D) -centesis
E) -tomy

C) venule
The word for small vein is

A) venous
B) venae
C) venule
D) venicle
E) veinula

A) diabetes
An example of a metabolic disease is

A) diabetes
B) measles
C) trauma
D) leukemia
E) infection

B) axillary
The adjective form of axilla is

A) axillar
B) axillary
C) axilliac
D) axillae
E) axillic

C) different colors
The term heterochromic means

A) different size
B) different nucleus
C) different colors
D) different morphology
E) different shapes

A) Doppler
Which of the following is an ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood-flow velocity?

A) Doppler
B) echography
C) sonography
D) fluoroscopy
E) tomography

A) aphasia
Which of the following words means inability to speak?

A) aphasia
B) anophagia
C) anphasia
D) aphagia
E) anaphasia

B) four extremities
Quadriplegia refers to the paralysis of

A) one extremity
B) four extremities
C) both legs
D) upper extremeties only
E) lower extremities only

D) epithelial
Which of the following terms refers to a tissue type that covers the surfaces of organs, lines cavities and makes up the epidermis?

A) muscular
B) nervous
C) hematic
D) epithelial
E) connective

D) lumina
The plural form of lumen is

A) lumena
B) lumenae
C) luminata
D) lumina
E) luminal

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