Mixtures and Solutions Vocabulary

Term Definition
chemical reaction the process in which two or more substances combine to make one or more new substances that have different properties from the original ones.
crystal a natural form of a substance. Crystal shape is also a physical property that helps to identify a substance.
density mass per unit volume
dilute a solution containing little solute.
dissolve the process of a substance becoming incorporated uniformly into another.
equal volumes comparing equivalent amounts of two solutions to determine which is more concentrated.
extract a solution of substances dissolved out of organic material.
less dense less mass per unit volume.
physical property a characteristic that describes a substance, such as color, size, shape, and texture.
precipitate a new substance that forms and settles out of a liquid.
property a characteristic that describes a substance, such as color, size, shape, or texture.
saturated when the solvent cannot dissolve into any more solute.
soluble capable of being dissolved. (Example: Table salt is soluble in water.)
solute a substance that dissolves in a solvent to form a solution.
solution a mixture formed when one or more substances dissolve in another.
solvent a substance in which a solute dissolves to form a solution.
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