their new ideas and beliefs. In the crucible, Abigail Williams falsely accuses many people of witchcraft to cover up her own sins. Because she is high up in the social latter, Abigail is taken very seriously. In the civil rights movement, spreading the belief that all men and women are created equal no matter what skin color they had was very difficult because of the segregation. Martin Luther King Jr was the ringleader for the civil rights movement in 1950s and 1960s. Martin Luther King Jr was a well-respected man due to his religious background, strong speeches and genuine care for the greater good of the United States.
Because of this, Dr. King drew the respect of many profound leaders in the United States, including the President at the time, John F. Kennedy. Both Abigail and Dr. King have similar ways to getting what they want. Becoming allies with someone in a higher power, success is more obtainable due to the respect you will receive if you are associated with someone already well respected. In the play, The Crucible, and in the Civil Rights movement, Abigail and Dr. King are outliers in their fght for what they want. By being outliers, they will not get the respect from the public they are looking for right away.
To gain respect, one must be associated with a person with more respect to hopefully been seen at the same status as them. Abigail positioned herself next to the people with power in the town of Salem to gain the respect of the citizens. The Parris’s, a family with high social status during this time, took custody of Abigail after her parents died. Because Abigail was associated with the Parris’s, Abigail already had respect because of her upbringing. When Abigail falsely accused Tituba of witchcraft, Abigail was immediately trusted due to her social rank.
Tituba, being a lower class woman on the ther hand, was sentenced with out much of a trial. Because Abigail is associated with people of higher class, the public immediately heard Abigail. Also, when Abigail was put on trial, there were concerns that she had been seen dancing in the forest by Parr’s. Witchcraft in Salem is not something that should be said loudly. Because of the Parris’s high social class, any news of witchcraft in the family is something that could tarnish that rank. When Abigail is seen dancing in the woods, Reverend Parris asks Abigail “Now look you, child, your punishment will come in its time.
But if you rafficked with spirits in the forest I must know about it now, for surely my enemies will, and they will ruin me with it” (10 Miller). This shows that even if she did dance with the devil, she is insured. Reverend Parris will keep her secret safe because they need to keep the class they are in. Although Abigail did not choose to be partnered with the Parris family, it helped her now. Her secret stays safe due to Parris keeping his word. This proves that being associated with people of higher power makes it easier to gain respect and keep it.
When Martin Luther King Jr went to school, segregation was everywhere. He went to college, excelled there, and then went to a ministry. He became a pastor later in traveled all around the country speaking about his views on racial equality to thousands of people. Dr. King made his living by the people he met. He studied at Crozer Theogical College where he learned his famous oratorical skills Not only was he well respected in an “almost exclusively white student body [from the south]”, he would be elected president of the student body by popular vote.
He then attended Boston University and was highly respected and successful there as well. But it asn’t until he caught the eye of John F Kennedy that the real change started to happen. By teaming with the highest ranked person in the United States and to help, a white man, Dr, King gained the respect of many people around the nation. He gained the respect of most white people due to their love for Kennedy. If President Kennedy liked Martin Luther King, then his supporters will like Dr. King too. In 1960 before Kennedy was elected, Dr.
King was put in Jail after being involved in a sit-in demonstration at a local lunch diner along with 33 other young people. It was not the ime spent in Jail that had the public buzzing, it was how he got out. Martin Luther King was released from Reidsville State Prison “only upon the Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy’ (Lewis). Because Kennedy did this, many people started to rethink how black men and women should be looked upon. This “action so widely publicized that it was felt to have contributed substantially to Kennedys slender election victory only eight days later” (Lewis).
Because Kennedy was such a successful President during a changing time in our countries past, people all over the nation trusted his decisions. Martin Luther Kings dream was made a reality due to the people he became acquaintances with. This proves that if you associate yourself with people in higher social class, you will find a gateway for your ideas and beliefs. The role of outliers in American society is relevant everyday and everyday that came before us. Each major outlier in our history is the stepping-stone to our nation today.
Without the people who stepped out of their comfort zones to fight for what they believed in, none of the customs of the United States would ever been questioned. Abigail Williams, although falsely accusing people of witchcraft, is an utlier to her community because she does believe that the devil is in Salem. Abigail’s status helps her convince the people to be on her side, sparking a riot. Abigail was the outlier because she was the only one who started this outbreak in the thought of witchcraft in Salem. Without people like Abigail, change would never occur.
Although Abigail’s belief leads to a negative effect on people lives, outliers occur in all change, good and bad. In Martin Luther Kings case, he is the outlier due to something a belief already present. Dr. King had to go all over the country, gaining followers and creating a movement. By being such an outlier and fighting for what he believed in, he caught the eye of stronger leaders that helped him achieve success. Both Abigail and Martin Luther King Jr. stood because they had strong opinions and wanted to act on them.
But, the reason they were successful in doing so was due to the people they placed themselves next to when they needed support. These two people, although Dr. King wanting well-being and Abigail wanting a morbid outcome, used allies to help them to their goals. By studying this play and this man in history, I learned that the key to success is the people you are aving good allies, a person can spread their idea across a more broad range of people that would not have been obtainable for one single person.
Abigail Williams and Martin Luther King taught me that you can never fully achieve success on your own. Your success will only be as good as the people you fill your life with. Citation: Lewis, David L. “Challenges of The Final Years. ” Encyclopaedia Britannica. N. p. : n. p. , n. d. N. pag. Britannica’s Original Sources. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York: Ungar Publishing Company, 1987. Print.