“We slumber safely at dark because unsmooth work forces stand ready to see force on those who would harm us. ” Winston S. Churchill. The primary mission of the Army is to contend and win our Nation’s wars by supplying prompt. sustained land laterality across the full scope of military operations and spectrum of struggle in support of combatant commanding officers. There are five subdivisions of the military. but there are two subdivisions that are ever up for argument on which to fall in. Active Army and National Guard have many differences. such as deployment rates. retirement. and bid ; nevertheless. they are similar in preparation. rank. and pay. The Army. Navy and Marine Corps were established in 1775 in concurrency with the American Revolution. The war section was established in 1789 and was the precursor to what is now the Department of Defense ( DOD ) . One twelvemonth subsequently. in 1790 the Coast Guard was established. This was followed by the establishing the section of the Navy in 1798.
The National Guard as a province funded reserves under assorted names was founded in 1636-1903. as Federal Reserve’s forces called the National Guard 1903 to the present. The Army National guard serves both the province and federal authorities. The governor of the province where the Army National guard unit is based serves as the commanding officer in head over all the guard units within that province. The governor can trip their National Guard units in instances of province exigencies. The National Guard is besides a modesty constituent of the U. S. Army and can be activated to support the state by the president of the United States. The president is the commanding officer in head of active responsibility Army. Active Army is non permitted to step in with province personal businesss unless given executive orders by the president. Besides the Army and National Guard soldiers autumn under the same rank constructions: from private to general. Governors have authorization over National Guard units in their province. but non over active units or stations. The president has full authorization over National Guard units and Active Army.
Wage in the Active Army and National Guard is dependent upon several factors. including rank. clip in service. matrimonial and dependent position. location and excess benefits’ as tuition aid and mark on fillips. National Guard has drill which typically is two yearss which balances out to muta 4 which is 4 days’ wage for 2 yearss. Active responsibility gets paid twice a month. and besides receives lodging allowance and nutrient allowances. The Thrift nest eggs program ( TSP ) is a retirement nest eggs and investing program for federal employees and members of the uniformed services. including the ready militias. It was established by Congress in federal employee’s retirement system. Service members’ group life insurance ( SGLI ) is a group that provides low cost life insurance to eligible service members. SGLI coverage is available in $ 50. 000 increases up to the maximal sum of $ 400. 000. Tricare is the health care supplier. Active responsibility receives their healthcare free on an active military installing.
As the National Guard has the option to buy their health care through Tricare modesty select at a discounted monetary value. Both Active and National Guard earn leave clip. They both start roll uping leave in basic and advanced single preparation ( AIT ) . National Guard soldiers have their leave bought back from them one time they have completed their preparation. National Guard does gain go forth when they are activated. Active Army earns 2. 5 yearss a month bing 30 yearss a twelvemonth. Active Army can besides roll up up 90 yearss over a three twelvemonth clip period without losing their leave clip. Active Army and National Guard go through the same basic preparation and AIT. The length of a soldiers AIT is determined on the occupation they have chosen. Active Army trains every twenty-four hours Monday through Friday and sometimes on weekends at company degree. National Guard trains one weekend a month and two hebdomads a twelvemonth. as a unit on drill weekends. Refering physical preparation ( PT ) Active responsibility does PT at a platoon degree Monday through Friday. National Guard does PT on their. ain personal clip. Active Army and National Guard are required to run into the same criterions refering the. Army Physical Fitness Test ( APFT ) .
The APFT consists of three trials in order push-ups. sit-ups. and a timed two mile tally. The push-ups and sit-ups are timed at two proceedingss and person has a certain figure of repeats to finish depending on their age group. All soldiers are required to run into a 60 % in each class in order to base on balls. Those who fail must reiterate all events within three months. Active Army is a standalone calling. When one is on Active responsibility they can populate on station or off station. Active Army is a full clip occupation working and developing Five to Six yearss a hebdomad 40 plus hours a hebdomad. National Guard can be considered a double calling. when person joins the National Guard they drill one weekend a month two hebdomads a twelvemonth while keeping a fulltime civilian occupation. Both Active and National Guard if chosen to do a calling the term length consist of 20 old ages until they are able to pull retirement. When fall ining Active responsibility you are given a responsibility assignment at any active installing. chosen by the Army.
National Guard is assigned to any National Guard armoury with in that province of fall ining. National Guard armory assignment depends on that soldier’s MOS. Active Army soldiers deploy more than any other subdivision. The standard Army deployment is 12 months. so 12 months stationed at place. How frequently a individual deploys depends on the demand of their occupation. National Guard can be deployed for province exigencies. at any clip. When they are deployed overseas. they by and large deploy for 12 months with 3 old ages dwell clip upon returning place. Active Army and National Guard are both covered under the Uniform Code of Military Justice ( UCMJ ) . The legislative act that. prescribes condemnable jurisprudence for soldiers. Congress put UCMJ in action in 1950. National Guard soldiers are still held to the criterions of UCMJ while exterior of uniform.
“The true soldier battles non because he hates what is in forepart of him. but because he loves what is behind him” –G. K. Chesterton. In decision. there are so many differences and similarities between active Army and National Guard. Both Active Army and National Guard give a soldier the ability to do the armed forces a calling. No affair which component one chooses the Army is a lifestyle. each constituent has their benefits and draw dorsums. No affair the differences between the two of them. they are still guardians of freedom.