Bicarbonate (hydrogen carbonate)
Hydrogen Sulfite (Bisulfite)
Acetate (2nd version)
Hydrogen Sulfate (bisulfate)
Metal + Nonmetal
metal written first (cation) + nonmetal (anion)
where anion has -ide suffix
charge should be indicated on metals with variable charge (transition metals; exceptions: Zn²⁺, Cd²⁺, Ag⁺, Al³⁺)
Rules for naming binary ionic compounds
cations: element name + “ion”
anions: element name w/ “-ide” ending
if atom is transition element make sure to denote variable charge w/ roman numeral when applicable (transition metals; exceptions: Zn²⁺, Cd²⁺, Ag⁺, Al³⁺)
naming monatomic cations/anions
cation written first (either the metal name or polyatomic ion name) + anion (either the nonmetal with -ide suffix or the polyatomic ion name)
reflect electroneutrality and variable charges when necessary
Rules for naming polyatomic ionic compounds
name the ionic compound + greek numerical prefix- + “-hydrate”
Rules for naming Hydrated Ionic compounds
anion + -ic acid
If anion ends in -ate what is the form for the acid?
anion + -ous acid
If anion ends in -ite what is the form for the acid?
hydro + anion + -ic acid
If anion ends in -ide what is the form for the acid?
H+ cation with an anion in (aq) form where anion dictates acid name
what is the form for an acid?
nonmetal + nonmetal
more electropositive element goes first
more electronegative goes last with -ide ending
number of elements is indicated with greek prefixes except for the case of the first element being singular
Rules for naming covalent compounds