Apa sih chance cost? Untuk yang pernah belajar ekonomi pasti kenal baik dengan istilah ini. tapi buat yang lain. chance cost is:
“…the cost of something in footings of an chance foregone ( and the benefits that could be received from that chance ) . or the most valuable foregone option. ” ( Dictionary. LaborLawTalk. com )
Kalau diterjemahkan adalah suatu biaya Dari hilangnya suatu kesempatan dalam menggunakan sumber daya tertentu. Kalau kita melihat waktu sebagai sumber daya ( Yup. . clip is a resource! ! ) maka chance cost adalah biaya memilih untuk melakukan aktivitas A daripada aktivitas B. Lebih konkritnya. kalau aktivitas A adalah menunggu dan aktivitas B adalah membaca. maka dengan menunggu saya wordplay kehilangan ‘kemungkinan’ keuntungan dari membaca. Keuntungan itu tidak boleh hanya diukur Dari berapa jumlah duit yang bisa dihasilkan oleh suatu kegiatan. Opportunity cost is a cardinal construct in economic sciences. and has been described as showing “the basic relationship between scarceness and choice” . [ 2 ]
The impression of chance cost plays a important portion in guaranting that scarce resources are used expeditiously. [ 3 ] Thus. chance costs are non restricted to pecuniary or fiscal costs: the existent cost of end product forgone. lost clip. pleasance or any other benefit that provides public-service corporation should besides be considered chance costs. Opportunity costs may be assessed in the decision-making procedure of production. If the workers on a farm can bring forth either one million lbs of wheat or two million lbs of barley. so the chance cost of bring forthing one lb of wheat is the two lbs of barley forgone ( presuming the production possibilities frontier is additive ) . Firms would do rational determinations by weighing the forfeits involved. Explicit costs
Explicit costs are chance costs that involve direct pecuniary payment by manufacturers. The chance cost of the factors of production non already owned by a manufacturer is the monetary value that the manufacturer has to pay for them. For case. a steadfast spends $ 100 on electrical power consumed. their chance cost is $ 100. The house has sacrificed $ 100. which could hold been spent on other factors of production. Implicit costs
Implicit costs are the chance costs that in factors of production that a manufacturer already owns. They are tantamount to what the factors could gain for the house in alternate utilizations. either operated within the house or lease out to other houses. For illustration. a house pays $ 300 a month all twelvemonth for rent on a warehouse that merely holds merchandise for six months each twelvemonth. The house could lease the warehouse out for the fresh six months. at any monetary value ( presuming a year-long rental demand ) . and that would be the cost that could be spent on other factors of production.