What is the OSI Model? The OSI model is a reference model which most IT professionals and network applications. use to describe networks The OSI model was originally intended to describe a complete set of production network protocols, but the cost and complexity of the government processes involved in defining the OSI network made the project unviable. In the time that the OSI designers spent arguing over who would be responsible for what, TCP/IP conquered the world. The Seven Layers of the OSI Model
The seven layers of the OSI model are: Layer 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Name Application Presentation Session Transport Network Data Link Physical The easiest way to remember the layers of the OSI model is to use the handy mnemonic “All People Seem To Need Data Processing”: The functions of the seven layers of the OSI model are: Layer Seven of the OSI Model The Application Layer of the OSI model is responsible for providing end-user services, such as file transfers, electronic messaging, e-mail, virtual terminal access, and network management . This is the layer with which the user interacts.
Layer Six of the OSI Model The Presentation Layer of the OSI model is responsible for defining the syntax which two network hosts use to communicate. Encryption and compression should be Presentation Layer functions. Layer Five of the OSI Model The Session Layer of the OSI model is responsible for establishing process-to-process commnunications between networked hosts. Layer Four of the OSI Model The Transport Layer of the OSI model is responsible for delivering messages between networked hosts. The Transport Layer should be responsible for fragmentation and reassembly.
Layer Three of the OSI Model The Network Layer of the OSI model is responsible for establishing paths for data transfer through the network. Routers operate at the Network Layer. Layer Two of the OSI Model The Data Link Layer of the OSI model is responsible for communications between adjacent network nodes. Hubs and switches operate at the Data Link Layer. Layer One of the OSI Model The Physical Layer of the OSI model is responsible for bit-level transmission between network nodes. The Physical Layer defines items such as: connector types, cable types, voltages, and pin-outs.