Outline for Speech Essay

Informative Speech Outline Title: Child Obesity, a “Growing” Concern Topic: Most Prevalent Causes of Obesity in the U. S. Specific Purpose: To educate the audience on the key causes of the increasing obesity rate in the U. S. among adults, but especially among youth. Thesis Statement: The main contributors to obesity among adults, but mostly among youth are environmental factors, lack of choosing nutritious meals, portion distortion and the factor that fuels all of these, advertising media. INTRODUCTION Attention Materials: What do you think when you see an overweight child?

Do you blame the child for not getting enough physical activity or eating the right foods, or do you blame the parents for not properly monitoring what the child consumes or how he or she spends their free time? It’s easy to judge overweight people when you see them because, although obesity is becoming more prevalent, it is still seen as socially unacceptable in our appearance-based society. But, before we rush to place all the blame on the child or the family, we need to ask ourselves if maybe external factors are playing a role in this rising epidemic.

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Thesis Statement: The main contributors to obesity among adults, but especially among youth are, environmental factors, lack of choosing nutritious meals, portion distortion and the factor that fuels all of these, advertising media. Preview: Today I am going to talk about 4 main points that are essential in understanding why obesity is increasing in the U. S. , particularly among our youth. First, we need to understand our environmental factors. Second, we need to have knowledge of our own lack of choosing nutritious meals. Third, we need to understand the “portion distortion” in the U. S. ood industry, and lastly, we need to have knowledge of the role advertising media plays in all of this. (Transition: “Let start by defining what obesity is and how it is measured. ”) BODY I. Child obesity is defined as a child whose body mass index (BMI) for their age is more than 95%. (Obesity Action Coalition) a. Body Mass Index is basically the ratio of weight to height of a child. b. Based on this definition it is evident that the rate of obese children has more than tripled since the 1960’s. (Transition: “Now let’s take a look at the causes. ”) II. Environmental factors contribute to obesity among children and adults c.

It is too much high energy food and a low energy lifestyle d. Limited access to physical activities i. Lack of physical activity in school (Center for Disease Control) ii. Communities today are created for automobiles, not walking e. Advancements in technology iii. DVDs, computers, videos games, TV, etc contributes to low physical activity and high calorie consumption (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry). f. What makes it worse is combining low amounts of physical activity with increased caloric intake (snacking, drinking, etc. iv. Sedentary behavior lowers a child’s metabolic rate (Center for Disease Control). (Transition: “We have these environmental factors, but what makes it worse is that kids today have a greater ability to choose what they eat, but lacks the knowledge of what is healthy. ”) III. Lack of choosing nutritious meals is another factor of the increasing child obesity rate. g. Inability to distinguish between healthy and junk food v. There is a natural inclination in people that attracts them to foods that taste good (Beale). vi.

There is an inability for children to understand the unhealthy factor in food (Beale). vii. Competitive foods overall overshadow subsidized lunches. 1. Ability for kids to buy offered junk food in vending machines, school stores, etc. (Ayala Laufer-Cahana) (Transition: We know kids are unable to make healthy choices, but what adds to this problem is the fact that home-cooked meals have been replaced with eating out, which introduces the factor of “portion distortion. ”) IV. Portion Distortion is a key contributing factor to the increase of caloric intake, which leads obesity. h.

The number of restaurants in the U. S. increased 75% from 1977 to 1991 (Center for Disease Control). viii. The portion sizes in restaurants have steadily increased from 1970 to 1999 (Prevention Institute). 2. Value Meals and Supersizing a. Calorie bombs wrapped in a bargain appeals to teenagers and adults alike (Prevention Institute). b. A larger profit for food industry equals a larger waistline for society. c. The hidden evils of soft drinks for unsuspecting consumers (Prevention Institute). CONCLUSION Summary statement: We have reviewed many key contributors to obesity in people, especially children.

However, the one major contributor that is in a sense the invisible hand that enables and encourages negative environmental factors, lack of choosing nutritious meals, and portion distortion to become acceptable life styles, is media. Advertising media is the main source of decreased physical activity among children. Often times viewing some sort of media involves sedentary behavior combined with constant snacking on unhealthy food. Media has an even bigger effect on the choices of foods children make, which can lead to consumption of portioned distortioned goodies.

Advertising media’s key weapon to attracting children to unhealthy products is the use of popular TV and movie characters to promote these goodies, and the addition of an incentive. (Henry J. Kaiser Foundation). Concluding remarks: So, although advertising media has the ability to promote and distort products to children in a way that leads to negative behaviors, and choosing, as well as consuming large portions of unhealthy foods, it is important to ask ourselves this question: Where does personal responsibility end and corporate responsibility begin? Super Size Me) and at what point should the Government restrict media content that contributes to 400,000 preventable deaths a year. WORKS CONSULTED Hill, James O. and John C. Peters. “Environmental Contributions to the Obesity Epidemic. ” Science Magazine 29 May 1998 1371-1374. 01 Mar 2009. “Contributing Factors. ” Overweight and Obesity. 28 Jan 2009. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1 Mar 2009 <http://www. cdc. gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/childhood/contributing_factors. htm>. “Children And Watching Television. ” Facts for Families. Mar 2001. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Mar 2009 <http://www. aacap. org/cs/root/facts_for_families/children_and_watching_tv>. “Child Obesity. ” All About Obesity. 2009. Obesity Action Coalition. 1 Mar 2009 <http://www. obesityaction. org/aboutobesity/childhoodobesity/childhood. php>. Beale, Lewis. “Can Kids Tell the Difference Between Healthy Food and Junk Food. ” Health and Wellness. 01 Feb 2009. AlterNet. 1 Mar 2009 <http://www. alternet. org/healthwellness/124129/can_kids_tell_the_difference_between_healthy_food_and_junk_f ood_/>. “The Role of Media in Childhood Obesity. ” 24 Feb 2004. Henry J.

Kaiser Family Foundation. 1 Mar 2009 <www. kff. org/entmedia/entmedia022404pkg. cfm>. “From Wallet to Waistline: The Hidden Costs of “Super Sizing”. ” Portion Size Report. 18 June 2002. Prevention Institute. 1 Mar 2009 <http://www. preventioninstitute. org/portionsizerept. html>. Hellmich, Nanci. “‘Portion Distortion’. ” Health and Behavior. 22 June 2005. USA Today. 1 Mar 2009 <http://www. usatoday. com/news/health/2005-06-21-portion-usat_x. htm>. “Research to Practice Series No. 2: Portion Size. ” Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2006. Centers for Disease Control and


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