Overview Of Coca Cola Company USA Commerce Essay

The Coca-Cola Company is an American transnational drink corporation and maker, retail merchant and seller of non-alcoholic drink dressed ores and sirups. The company is best known for its flagship merchandise Coca-Cola, invented in 1886 by druggist John Stith Pemberton in Columbus, Georgia. The Coca-Cola expression and trade name was bought in 1889 by Asa Candler who incorporated The Coca-Cola Company in 1892. Besides its namesake Coca-Cola drink, Coca-Cola presently offers more than 500 trade names in over 200 states or districts and serves over 1.7A billion helpings each twenty-four hours.

The company operates a franchised distribution system dating from 1889 where The Coca-Cola Company merely produces sirup dressed ore which is so sold to assorted bottlers throughout the universe who hold an sole district. The Coca-Cola Company owns its ground tackle bottler in North America, Coca-Cola Refreshments.

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The Coca-Cola Company is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Its stock is listed on the NYSE and is portion of DJIA, S & A ; P 500 Index, the Russell 1000 Index and the Russell 1000 Growth Stock Index. Its current president and main executive is Muhtar Kent.

Critical External Relationship:

Critical external relationship means the involvement of the external parties sing the activities of the company. Following are the critical external parties related to Coca-Cola Company:

Health Safety Organizations

Since surveies indicate “ sodium carbonate and sugared drinks are the chief beginning of Calories in [ the ] American diet ” , most dieticians advise that Coca-Cola and other soft drinks can be harmful if consumed overly, peculiarly to immature kids whose soft drink ingestion competes with, instead than complements, a balanced diet. Surveies have shown that regular soft drink users have a lower consumption of Ca, Mg, ascorbic acid, vitamin B2, and vitamin A. The drink has besides aroused unfavorable judgment for its usage of caffeine, which can do physical dependance.

Environmental Issues

Where the widespread production of Coca-Cola takes topographic point, it is feared that the H2O used to bring forth Coke may incorporate unhealthy degrees of pesticides and other harmful chemicals. It has besides been alleged that due to the sum of H2O required to bring forth Coca-Cola, aquifers are drying up and coercing husbandmans to relocate. Environmental debasement in the signifier of depletion of the local land H2O tabular array due to the use of natural H2O resources by the company poses a serious menace to many communities. Boxing used in Coca-Cola ‘s merchandises has a important environmental impact but the company strongly opposes efforts to present mechanisms such as container sedimentation statute law.

Corporate Administration

Corporate Duty

Corporate duty is managed through the Public Policy and Corporate Reputation Council, a cross-functional group of senior directors from their Company and bottling spouses. The Council identifies hazards and chances faced by their concern and communities and recommends schemes to turn to these challenges.

Ethical motives & A ; Conformity

The nucleus of the moralss and conformity plan at The Coca-Cola Company is their Code of Business Conduct. The Code guides their concern behavior, necessitating honestness and unity in all affairs. All of their associates and managers are required to read and understand the Code and follow its principles in the workplace and larger community.

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Human Resource DepartmentOrganization Structure of Coca-cola U.S.A. :

Board of Directors

Audit Committee

Social Responsibility Committee

Group Strategy & A ; Business Development Director

Chief Executive Committee

Group Commercial Director

General Counsel & A ; Company secretary

Shareholder Department

Chief Financial Officer

Investor Relation Director

Group Director Supply Chain Services

Group Human Resources Director

Chief Information Officer

Group Public Affairs & A ; Communications Director

Region Director 4

Region Director 3

Region Director 2

Region Director 1

African Zone

European Zone 2

Russian Zone

European Zone 1

Director Office of the Managing Director


Accounting Policies & A ; Business Operations

Coca-Cola is guided by their established criterions of corporate administration and moralss. They review their systems to guarantee that they have achieved international best patterns in footings of transparence and answerability. As a transnational company Coca-Cola consolidates its accounting statements with its subordinates in the act of bring forthing, selling and allowance of nonalcoholic potions, originally merchandises of the coca Cola company.

While fixing the amalgamate fiscal statement the histories of the company and its bulk possessed subordinate is added. All intra-group histories and dealing are removed.

It recognizes all the assets and liabilities and grosss earned and disbursals incurred during the reported period.

The concern operates harmonizing to the Torahs sing competition, merchandise safety and advertisement and labeling, container sedimentations, recycling the protection of the environment and employment and labour patterns. In U.S.A. activities sing merchandise and gross revenues must follow the Food Drug and Cosmetic Act, the Federal Trade Commission Act, The Lanham Act, State Consumer Protection Laws, The Occupational Safety, Health Act and environmental issues.

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Distinguish between charitable & A ; net income devising organisation

At present there are many types of organisations. Import-Export, Merchandise, Production, Distribution are types of net income devising organisations. On the other manus there are some organisations who work for the public assistance and prosperity of the society, are non-profit organisations. The chief distinguish between them are:




Net income Devising



Giving service to the society

Earning net income by purchasing and selling goods or bring forthing


Social public assistance oriented

Net income oriented ; by purchase, sale, ware etc.


Assetss are non recognized as capital

Assetss are recognized as capital

Net income Distribution

Charitable money is used for societal public assistance

Net income made by the org. is distributed among the proprietors


Wealth maximization

Net income maximization

VAT & A ; Tax

Do non pay VAT or Tax

Must hold to pay VAT & A ; Tax


International Olympic Committee

Coca-Cola Company


IOC & A ; Coca-Cola affected by London

As a Worldwide Partner of the Olympic Movement, we will run into or transcend all LOCOG ‘s sustainability criterions, in add-on to any legal duties. We are working in partnership with the London Organizing Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games ( LOCOG ) to present our shared aspiration of doing London 2012 genuinely sustainable.

All activities related to London 2012 are being managed harmonizing to a new British Standard for a sustainable event direction. We are committed to accomplishing the International Standard for Sustainable Event Management, when this criterion is published in 2012. As portion of this procedure, we have created this policy papers to put out our committedness to being a responsible patron of London 2012.

We have identified three cardinal countries of focal point:

Supporting LOCOG to present a zero waste Games

aˆ? All Coca-Cola packaged merchandises sold at the Olympic Games will be in 100 % reclaimable PET packaging which will incorporate 25 % recycled plastic.

aˆ? We are working with LOCOG to assist enable visitants to the Games to recycle their empty packaging. Our vision is to ‘close the cringle ‘ by guaranting all empty bottles can be recycled back into new bottles.

aˆ? In order to minimise the environmental impact of our supply concatenation, we are back uping our providers to make procedures for minimising waste and maximising recycled content and reuse of stuffs. Furthermore, we will utilize recycled stuffs wherever possible, from staff uniforms to edifice stuffs.

Carbon decrease and compensation:

We are committed to turning our concern without increasing our C footmark.

At Games Time, we will map, step and minimise the energy usage and C emanations across every portion of our Olympic Games plan and are taking significant steps to cut down nursery gas emanations from our activities.

For illustration for usage at London 2012, we have already invested in a state-of-the-art low C repositing and storage installation, have purchased a fleet of biogas vehicles to assist present our drinks to the locales, and will guarantee that all the ice chests installed in Olympic locales are HFC free.

We will counterbalance for any ineluctable emanations, therefore guaranting a C impersonal presence at the London Games.

Promoting wellness and health

The Coca-Cola Company ( TCCC ) are strong protagonists of London 2012 ‘s pledge to utilize the inspirational power of athletics to acquire immature people active, irrespective of their physical ability, and to advance wellness and health across all facets of life.

At the London 2012 Olympic Games, we will offer a wide portfolio of drinks. Based on old Games, we expect that three-fourthss of the drinks consumed will be juice, H2O or low and no sugar discrepancies of our much-loved trade names. We are proud to include British H2O Schweppes Abbey Well as portion of our offering. A good as being a headline patron of the Olympic Movement and patron of many other planetary and local sporting events, we besides support grassroots physical activity.

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Geographic Department – Grouping activities on the footing of district. If an organisation ‘s clients are geographically dispersed, it can group occupations based on geographics. For illustration, the organisation construction of Coca-Cola has reflected the company ‘s operation in two wide geographic countries – the North American sector and the international sector, which includes the Pacific Rim, the European Community, Northeast Europe, Africa and Latin America groups.

Regional Board-Regional boards are branch offices of a company ‘s place office that markets, underwrites, and services the company ‘s lines of concern within a specified geographical country.

Production Department – Grouping activities by merchandise line. Undertakings can besides be grouped harmonizing to a specific merchandise or service, therefore puting all activities related to the merchandise or the service under one director. Each major merchandise country in the corporation is under the authorization of a senior director who is specializer in, and is responsible for, everything related to the merchandise line.

Selling and Gross saless Department- Marketing identifies prospects that will take to the sale.A Marketing isA concern about client demands and satisfaction. Marketing section delivers the merchandise to clients through gross revenues.

Finance Department-Finance section of an organisation that manages its money. The concern maps of a finance section typically include planning, forming, scrutinizing, accounting for and commanding its company ‘s fundss. The finance section besides normally produces the company ‘s fiscal statements.

Personnel Department – This section will make the occupations of hiring and preparation and puting employees and for puting policies for forces direction and besides payroll direction.


Management Information System:

Management Information System ( MIS ) provides information that is needed to pull off organisations expeditiously and efficaciously. Management information systems involve three primary resources: people, engineering, and information or determination devising. Management information systems are distinguishable from other information systems in that they are used to analyse operational activities in the organisation. The term, MIS is normally used to mention to the group of information direction methods tied to the mechanization or support of human determination devising.

Following are the faculties of MIS

The Nominal Ledger: It is known as the general leger, is the chief accounting record for a company ‘s fiscal minutess. It is composed of a chart of histories which are categorized as assets, liabilities, equity, gross and disbursals. The elaborate fiscal minutess are recorded utilizing a double-entry clerking system, intending that one of the histories will be debited and another history related to the dealing will be credited.

Example: Purchase ( Expense Item )

Building ( Asset Item )

Non Current Assets: It is company ‘s long-run investing, in the instance that the full value will non be realized within the accounting twelvemonth. Noncurrent assets are capitalized instead than expensed, intending that the company allocates the cost of the plus over the figure of old ages for which the plus will be in usage, alternatively of apportioning the full cost to the accounting twelvemonth in which the plus was purchased.

History Receivables: Gross saless made but non paid-for by the clients ( trade debitors ) . Histories receivables are shown as current ( short-run ) assets in a balance sheet and are, in fact, unbarred promises by clients to pay in the hereafter. This faculty ensures the sum owed by the clients and besides calculates price reduction. An incorporate MIS besides ensures each dealing holding consequence on hard currency book, stock list records, fixed assets, occupation costing and gross revenues order.

History Payabless: Money which a company owes to sellers for merchandises and services purchased on recognition. This point appears on the company ‘s balance sheet as a current liability, since the outlook is that the liability will be fulfilled in less than a twelvemonth. When histories collectible are paid off, it represents a negative hard currency flow for the company. It helps company to command and keep hard currency escapes. Company can fix ledger histories, revenue enhancement computation and test balance through this system.

Payroll: In a company, paysheet is the amount of all fiscal records of wages for an employee, rewards, fillips and tax write-offs. Payroll refers to the sum paid to employees for services they provided during a certain period of clip. In this faculty user is able to repair the bound of paysheet. It maximizes the ability of the user and minimizes the work load and clip.

Job Costing: Job bing involves the computation of costs involved in a occupation done in distinct batches. These costs are recorded in leger histories throughout the life of the occupation or batch and are so summarized in the concluding test balance before the preparing of the occupation cost or batch fabrication statement.

Inventory: Inventory or Stockss are current assets held for sale, or for processing and subsequent re-sale.

Stockss should be valued at the lower of:

Cost ( purchase monetary value + the cost of any processing )

Internet realizable value

Socks may dwell of:

Goods that will be sold as they are: finished goods for a maker, most stocks for a retail merchants

Work in advancement: unfinished goods

Natural stuffs.


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