plant and animal cells

Term Definition
nucleus control center of the cell contains DNA and chromosomes
cytoplasm all the living material in a cell except the nucleus. jelly like material that holds the organelles
cell walls found only in plant cell – provide protection and support for the plant cell
mitochondria powerhouse of the cell – makes energy from food available to the cell
ribosomes protein factories
endoplasmic reticulum highway of the cell- transports materials throughout the cell
cell membrane protective boundary around the cell that controls what goes in and out of the cell
golgi bodies manufacturing and shipping- materials carried by the ER stop here to get altered
lysosomes break down and digest waste materials from the cell
vacuoles store food material and water
chloroplasts found only in plant cell- contain chlorophyll that traps sunlight to make food for the plant
unicellular organisms Unicellular organisms are organisms that have one cell
multicellular organsims organisms that have more than 1 cell
flagella whip-like tail that propels the cell
cilia many hair like structures surrounding the cell to facilitate movement
pseudopod means "fake foot" cytoplasm is projected in the direction the cell wants to move
cell basic unit of structure and function in all living things
tissue a group of cells that perform a similar function;
organ a group of tissues that combine to have a specific vital function, such as the heart or liver in humans.
organ system a group of organs that work together to perform one or more functions. Each does a particular job in the body, and is made up of certain tissues.

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