Bangladesh is a underdeveloped state of Southeast Asia. There are many jobs in this state. which are said to be major obstructions in the development of this state. Excessive Population is said to be the worst among all current jobs. If we compare to the planetary population we will see why population causes such harm to the development of Bangladesh. The country of Bangladesh is near to 1. 47. 570 square kilometre. The current population of Bangladesh is about over 164 million and will transcend 200 million within 2020. Even a really rich state would hold been in deep problems if they have to manage such mass population in such short land. So whenever the authorities tends to take any underdeveloped stairss. they seems to fell into deficit of resources for such immense population. As a consequence the existent development is merely acquiring being delayed and hampered a batch.
In the 1980s. Bangladesh faced no greater job than population growing. First station independency nose count. taken in 1974. which reported the national population at 71 million. The 2001 nose count reported a population of 130 million and the most recent fifth nose count of 2011 puts the figure at 14. 2 million.
Bangladesh’s population denseness provided farther grounds of the jobs the state faces. In 1988 an norm of 821 individuals inhabited in one square kilometre country whereas that figure stands at over 964 as of today.
Although the station independency household be aftering plans were surprisingly successful. the population growing rate is still in an uncomfortable zone.
Food deficits are likely to decline as the population grows. Malnutrition degrees are already high. At least half of Bangladesh’s people live below the poorness line. They eat merely about half of the sum of nutrient that would be considered normal elsewhere in the universe.
To cover with the population. we have to cover with substructure and instruction and many other issues. Pull offing population will necessitate some deliberate planned actions. such as:
1. Balanced distribution of rural-urban migrators – Pull offing urban population in four large metropoliss. viz. . Dhaka. Chittagong. Rajshahi and Khulna shall be one of the major undertakings for the Governments in Bangladesh. Among the rural migrators. about 80 per centum are absorbed in these four metropoliss and the remainder in the staying 60 territory towns of the state. Imagine a demographic calamity when the population of these four metropoliss shall be doubled in the following 14-23 old ages. which will about paralyse the metropolis life. 2. Resettlement of industries from the metropoliss – One of the grounds for overcrowding. congestion and pollution is the location of many industries in the bosom of the large metropoliss and their adjoining countries. As a scheme for urban population direction. and minimising the urban jobs. resettlement of the industries to a appropriately located distant topographic point is necessary. 3. Increasing people’s mobility – Enhancing people’s mobility beyond the national boundary through their capacity development could be a worthwhile strategic option for population direction and socio-economic development.
Decision: Unless addressed through non- conventional methods. population job will trip unwieldy physical and environmental jobs. which will be unmanageable. despite sincere attempts. We are confronting an alarming state of affairs. Highest degree of committedness from all of us is needed to confront this tremendous challenge.