prefixes, suffixes, combining forms and terms

Term Definition
amin/o amnion
bartholin/o bartholin gland
cervic/o cervix, neck
chori/o, chorin/o chorion
colp/o vagina
culd/o cul-de-sac
episi/o vulva
Galact/o Milk
Gynec/o Woman, female
Hyster/o Uterus, womb
Lact/o Milk
Mamm/o Breast
Mast/o Breast
Men/o Menese,
Muscle tumor
Nat/o Birth
Obstetr/o Pregnancy and childbirth
o/o egg
oophor/o ovary
ov/o egg
ovari/o ovary
ovul/o egg
perine/o perineum
phor/o to bear
salping/o fallopian tubes
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
vulv/o vulva
-arche beginning
-cyesis pregnancy
-gravida pregnant
-parous bearing, brining forth
-rrhea discharge
-salpinx discharge
-version act of turning
dys- painful
endo- with in
in- in
intra within
multi- many
nulli- no, not, none
pre- before
primi- first
retro- backward
adnexa uteri Fallopian tubes, ovaries and supporting ligaments
amenorrhea absence of menstruation fro 6 months or longer than three of the patients normal menstrual cycle
amniocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
amnion innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
amniotic fluid fluid that is contained within the amnionic sac
anovulatory the failure of the ovary to release and ova over a period of time exceeding three months
areola dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple
bartholin glands small mucus secreting exocrine gland at eh vaginal orifice
bartholinitis inflammation of the bartholin glands
cephalic version turning the head of the fetus towards the cervix
cervix lower neck like portion of the cervix
chorion outer most layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo
chorionic pertaining to the chorion
clitoris organ of sexual sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female
coitus sexual intercourse
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina
corpus luteum empty ovarian follicle that secrets progesterone after the release of the egg
cul-de-sac region of the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus
culdocentesis surgical puncture of the cul-de-sac
dysmenorrhea pain during menstruation
dyspareunia painful sexual intercourse
dystocia difficult painful labor and delivery
embryo stage in prenatal development from 2-3 weeks
endocervicitis inflammation of the lining of the cervix
endometrium inter, mucous membrane lining the uterus
episiotomy incision of the vulva (perineum)
estrogen hormone produced by the ovaries
fallopian tube one pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
fertilization union of sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops
fetal presentation he manner in which the fetus appears to the examiner during an delivery
fetus stage in prenatal development from 8-39 or 40 weeks
fimbriae finger or fringe like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate the menstruation of the egg cell
galactorrhea discharge of milk (abnormal amount)
gamete male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum
ganitallia reproductive organs; also called genitals
gestation period of fertilization of the ovum to birth
gonad female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones
gynecology study of female reproductive organs and breast
gynocomastia condition of female breast (enlargement) in male
human chronic gonadotropin hormone produces by the placenta to sustain pregnancy
hymen mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening of the vagina
hysterectomy removal of the uterus
hysteroscopy visually examination of the uterus (endoscopic)
inframammary below the breast
labia lips of the vagina
lactation normal secretion of milk
lactiferous ducts milk carrying ducts
leukorrhea white vaginal secretion, which is normal or a sign of infection if it becomes yellow
luteinizing hormone secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation
mammary papilla nipple or the breast
mammoplasty surgical repair of the breast
mastectomy removal of the breast
mastitis inflammation of the breast in males
menarche beginning of first menstrual period and ability to reproduce
menometrorrhagia excessive uterine bleeding at and between menstrual periods
menopause gradual ending of menstruation
menorrhea excessive discharge of blood of blood during menstruation
menstruation monthly shedding of the uterine lining
metrorrhagia excessive discharge of blood from the uterus (between menstrual periods)
multigravida more than one pregnancy
multipara woman who has had many births
myometrium muscle layer of the uterus
neonatal pertaining to a newborn
neonatology study's the disorders and care of the newborn
nulligravida woman who has not had any pregnancy's
nullipara woman who hasn't had any vaginal births
obstetrics branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
oligomenorrhea scanty of menstrual flow
oocyte immature ovum
oogenesis production of egg (egg cells)
oophorectomy removal of an ovary
oophoritis inflammation of an ovary
orifice opening
ovarian pertaining to the an ovary
ovarian follicle developing sac enclosed each ovum with in the ovary
ovary one pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis
ovulation release of the ovum from the ovary
ovum; ova egg
oxytocia rapid labor and delivery
oxytocin hormone that stimulates the uterus to start labor and the production of milk
perineorrhaphy suture of the perineum
perineum area between the anus and the vagina
pituitary gland endocrine gland at he base or the brain produces the hormones that stimulate the ovaries
placenta vascular organ attached to the uterine wall during pregnancy
pregnancy condition in a female that last about 40 weeks developing an embryo and fetus in the uterus
prenatal before birth
primigravida woman who is in her first pregnancy
primipara woman who had given had of is giving birth to her first child
primiparous pertaining to a woman who has delivered her first child
progesterone hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of a pregnant woman
pseudocyesis false pregnancy
puberty point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced
pyosalpinx pus in the fallopian tubes
retroversion the uterus is abnormally tucked backward
salpingectomy removal of the fallopian tubes
salpingitis inflammation of the fallopian tubes
uterine prolapse uterus sags forward
uterine serosa outer most layer surrounding the uterus
uterus hollow pear shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop
vagina muscular mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
vaginal orifice opening on the vagina
vaginitis inflammation of the vulva
vulva exterior female genitalia includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice
vulvodynia pain in the vulvar region
vulvovaginitis inflammation of the vagina and vulva
zygote stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation up until week 2

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