Products and services offered online Essay


There are 100s of merchandises and services offered online for sale this include computing machines, vocals, electronics, aromas, fabrics and so on. It is about impossible to happen a merchandise that can non be sold online.

The cyberspace has made all this possible. In the last 10 old ages the cyberspace has grown quickly and has penetrated into our economic system and the society in general. It has wholly changed the manner we do concern.

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The cyberspace universe stats estimated that as at September 2009 20 five per cent of the universe population will be utilizing the cyberspace.

On-line retail merchants can make a really big market, faster and more straight from any portion of the universe but for them to hold a stay in the head of clients it has to hold an effectual and efficient online presence. However, this is non ever the instance because as concerns grow they bring in more clients which consequences in more on-line interface with clients which brings with it more challenges.

For any on-line retail merchant to be successful its web site has to reflect the online branding representation that the web site will present to its clients, it has to be less complicated, easy to voyage and user friendly. It has to be client centric and client oriented and has to appeal to broad scope of people with different desire and demands. It besides has to be easy accessible to everyone either by broadband, PDA ‘s, GPRS or 3G phones.

Ghosh ( 1998 ) suggested that companies should supply free digital valve to assist construct an audience. Online concern is the manner frontward.

This study is traveling to measure online stigmatization, the extent of on-line cleavage to run into the demands of the different client groups, grounds of online relationship selling and societal webs in relation to the aroma store web site.

Background Study

The aroma store started concern in 1991 and has been a taking trade name in the sale of perfumeries and cosmetics merchandises in the United Kingdom. In the past five old ages it has grown from 55 shops to over 170 shops within the United Kingdom and Ireland and now stocks good over 300 different aromas for work forces and adult females. Within this period its gross has grown from ?37.8 million to ?105 million.

It was acquired in 2005 by A.S Watson which is regarded as the largest wellness and beauty retail merchant in the universe. The Hong Kong based pudding stone acquired it so it could increase its presence in European market.


Branding says a batch about any concern regardless of it being little, medium or big. It is the corporate individuality of the concern and non merely a name. A good trade name lets the universe know you, what sort of concern you do and how you do it.

Jevons and Gabbot ( 2000 ) suggest that online” the first manus experience of the trade name is a more powerful item of trust than the perceptual experiences of the brand” For any on-line retail merchant constructing a strong and permanent relationship with the client is the bed stone for the success of that concern.

In today ‘s on-line universe Businesss have to plan web sites in such a manner that clients sing it for the first clip will be attracted to see the web site over and over once more. Harmonizing to Dayal et Al ( 2000 ) say, “on the universe broad web, the trade name is the experience and the experience is the brand” . They suggest that on-line retail merchant should construct on the undermentioned trade name promises in other to be successful.

  • The promise of convenience
  • The promise of accomplishment
  • The promise of merriment and escapade
  • The promise of self-expression and acknowledgment
  • The promise of belonging

There is a batch of interaction between trade names and clients when it comes to online trade name.

Hulbert N ( 2008 ) suggested that a good web site provides value content and maps to its clients when voyaging the site for information or merchandise.

The aroma store when compared with the aroma store they have really limited information when it comes to allowing clients know about a merchandise. The incommodiousness of opening another page to acquire the measure of the merchandise is non really friendly for users. The monetary value and measure for online clients sing the aroma store website are on the same page. This makes it easier for users to compare merchandises.

Another point worth observing on the web site as respects its convenience is the fact that the nexus to purchase merchandise is a batch more complicated when compared with the aroma store.

The information given on a web site has to be really accurate and precise. It has to be apprehensible and without contradiction. Once there is disagreement with information on the site it brings about loss of trust on the portion of the client.

The bringing information on the aromas shop web site is in struggle with that of the bringing page. While the place page says 3 – 6 yearss free standard bringing the bringing page says standard bringing cost ?3.00. This sort of struggle in information on the site is really for bad for the trade name.

There are a figure of stairss an on-line retail merchant can take to increase the opportunities of visitants sing its site and do themfeel secure about purchasing from the site. Harmonizing to

These include:

  • doing your site easy to voyage and user friendly
  • giving a 100 per cent no-quibble money-back warrant if they do non like or want the merchandise
  • doing certain photographic images on your site are accurate and show merchandises in their best visible radiation
  • engaging a client service representative who can give advice on the phone to clients on more complex or expensive merchandises
  • doing telling processs directly frontward and quick
  • corroborating orders instantly by electronic mail
  • being honest – for illustration stating the client if you can non present on clip
  • supplying a manner for clients to track down the advancement and handiness of their order

The security of any web site is overriding if the concern wants to advance a good trade name for on-line gross revenues. The safer a client feels the more like he or she is to see the site once more. Customers are ever looking out for marks that assure them of the safety of the site, they want to be certain that minutess done on the site are safe and information given by clients are secured and fraud protected.

When a web site has a show on its place page allowing clients know that minutess on the site is safe and secure. Customers have assurance when doing minutess on that web site. The aroma store does non hold such reassuring marks on its website whereas the aroma store does. It besides shows the sort of debit and recognition cards they accept. This goes a long manner in constructing the assurance of the client on the trade name.

Harmonizing to Chaffy ( 2009 ) an ideal on-line retail merchant should hold an extra valve preposition ( OVP ) to farther distinguish the company ‘s trade name. The benefits of OVP are

  • It helps distinguish online retail merchant ‘s site from its rivals
  • It helps supply a focal point to selling attempts and enable company staff to be clear about the intent of the site.
  • The preposition can be used for PR and word of oral cavity recommendations made about the company. For illustration the security and safety of the site.
  • It can be linked to the normal merchandise proposition of the company or its merchandise.

Extent Of Cleavage

In order to acquire the right message across to the different clients the market has to be segmented to run into the demands of the assorted clients. Harmonizing to George Karibian, CEO, Euroffice ‘getting the message across efficaciously requires cleavage ‘ to prosecute different people in different ways. Cleavage helps the concern understand the different clients better. It helps aim the right market.

Agrawal et Al. ( 2001 ) suggest that the success of any taking e-commerce company is frequently due to fiting valve proposition to sections successfully.

Dave Chaffy ( 2009 ) interrupt cleavage into the undermentioned classs

  • Relationship with company: This involves the usage of newssheets and electronic mail to aim both new and bing clients in other to present the right information to them.
  • Demographic cleavage: This is classified into sex, age or societal group.
  • Psychographic cleavage: This includes attitude to value and hazard when purchasing a merchandise. Examples are trade name trueness and adoptive parent.
  • Value: This is categorization harmonizing to the value given to the client with respects to order and life clip value.
  • Lifecycle phase: This normally is focused on clients that follow a peculiar sequence when shopping online
  • Behavioral Targeting: This is the usage of a client ‘s past actions on the web site in purchasing and following links and utilizing all this to impart the sort of information that meets the demands of the client.

Integrating the above sections with the aroma store I discovered that while its has efficaciously segmented the market demographical it has non been really effectual with other cleavages.

When a client makes orders above a peculiar sum or measure he or she should be given a price reduction or benefit and this should be clearly stated so clients are encourage to purchase online. For first clip visitant it is ever best to do their experience really gratifying such that they will desire to see the site once more.

Dibb et Al. ( 2001 ) say that: Market cleavage is the key of robust selling scheme development. . . it involves more than merely grouping clients into sections. . . placing sections, aiming, positioning and developing a differential advantage over challengers is the foundation of selling scheme.

In an Internet selling planning context, market sections will be analysed to measure:

1. their current market size or value, future projections of size and the administrations current and future market portion within the section ;

2. rival market portions within section ;

3. demands of each section, in peculiar, unmet demands ;

4. Administration and rival offers and proposition for each section across all facets of the purchasing procedure.

The most sophisticated cleavage and aiming strategies are frequently used by E-retailers, who have detailed client profiling information and purchase history informations and they seek to increase client life-time value through promoting increased usage of online services through clip. However, the general rules of this attack can besides be used by other types of companies online.

When covering with a visitant to a web site it is ever paramount to set exist clients foremost. This does non intend that new client should be neglected. Service such as publicity, inducement and good service quality can be used to retain such clients. Services to appeal to trade name stalwarts can be provided to back up them in their function as advocators of a trade name as suggested by Aaker and Joachimstiler ( 2000 )

Evidence Of Online Relationship Marketing Approaches

Online relationship selling enables retail merchants do one on one selling through the cyberspace and the universe broad web. It helps construct a long term, uninterrupted frame work to set up and keep an online relationship. It involves a batch of interaction with both new and bing clients, roll uping and analysis of informations.

Communication is non merely relevant and meaningful to the clients but more significantly delivers gross to the company. The more personalisation and customisation that can take topographic point, the closer you get to true one-to-one selling.

In order for ORM to be effectual at that place has to be proper apprehension of the client by on-line communicating through electronic mails and website call back. The retail merchant has to understand the wonts, demands, purchasing penchant, behavior and has to constantly communicate with the client throughout the client ‘s life rhythm.

For concern to bask a good overall success and growing at that place has to be changeless client to concern communicating reminding clients about particular offers and publicities and keeping an on-going relationship and so trade name trueness on the portion of the client. The aroma store sends email stating client about offers but the mails are non personalised to run into the specific demand of the client.

Customer information delivered on the web must be integrated with other informations base of client and order information such as those accessed via staff in the call Centre to supply what Seybold ( 1999 ) calls a ‘360 degree position of the client. Both on-line and offline information must be used to optimise the information on the client so that specific information can be channelled to them.

In order to do online relationship selling effectual at that place has to be an integrating of electronic mail communicating and societal webs. This combination will assist the online retail merchant get to cognize the consumers and give them an penetration into their behavior. It involves constructing trade name trueness based on emotions, consumer normally develop a positive feeling towards a trade name they know they can interact better with online. The aroma store does non hold such installations on its web site.

“Consumers need a ground to go on buying a trade name apart from wont and household tradition, ” harmonizing to the study. “CPG sellers that fail to foreground and advance the alone benefits, value and relevancy of their merchandises will put on the line a consumer hegira from their trade names. In making an emotional bond with clients, CPG sellers will assist promote a life-time of trade name loyalty.”

Social Networking

The importance of societal webs or communities such as facebook, chirrup myspace and youtube in today ‘s online concern can non be over emphatic.

Trade names can utilize societal webs sites to convey people of involvement together and do them cognize more about the trade name.

McGaffin ( 2004 ) says create great content, nexus to great content and great content will associate with you. Having chirrup and facebook nexus on the web site is really of import. When a retail merchant uses a societal web site like chirrup to better the trade name image it is bound to be followed by a batch of people because of the desire of human being to socialize. A research by Microsoft ( 2007 ) based on interviews and a study on societal networkers found that 47 per cent of people want to run into people with similar involvement and 46 per cent privation to show their sentiments and positions on subject which include trade names and merchandises.

The popularity of web 2.0 sites is as a consequence of the desire by worlds to socialise and portion experience. Dee et Al. ( 2007 ) noted the importance of societal webs in act uponing perceptual experience about trade names, merchandises and supply.

Harmonizing to Lena Salim a manner company in UK, Top Fashion, received most of its web traffic from its MySpace history. This traffic was claimed to be more than twice every bit much as the traffic that were generated from MSN and Yahoo hunt engines.

Another successful narrative of utilizing these on-line communities comes from The Cadbury promotional scheme in utilizing its FaceBook history. The company was seeking to sell their cocoa bars, Cadbury Wispa, by runing them over the cyberspace. The fact shows that there are more than 13000 group members of its FaceBook history who posted messages admiting that they have purchased the cocoa bars.

Web logs and podcast are besides play a major function on concerns because they provide some sort of provender back to client ‘s responses to merchandises or a client online experience.

In order to make a big figure of people viral selling is progressively being used. Smith and chaffy ( 2005 ) says an ideal viral selling is a cagey thought, a game, a shocking thought, or a extremely enlightening thought which make compulsive screening. It may be Tad, amusing images, vocal, picture cartridge holder or sketch. It is so astonishing it makes people want to go through it on and in the procedure aid distribute the branding image of the concern.

Testimonies are really of import facet of on-line retail merchant ‘s success because it tells visitant to the site what clients think about the site, its services or merchandise and the trade name. The aroma store is yet to take full advantage of societal web site enhance its online retailing.

Decision And Recommendation

In other for any concern to run an effectual and efficient online concern it has to hold a web site that has valuable content and map, user friendly pilotage and interface and win the trust of visitants in footings of information and security.

Online retailing normally involves a batch of interaction with clients. In other to go forth a last image in the head of visitants the web site has to be design in such a manner as to go forth the visit desiring more.

There has to be changeless research and feedback to supervise and better clients see online. This is really of import for the long clip endurance of the concern.

In today online universe it is really of import to incorporate societal web into concern because it brings people together, peculiarly people who portion the same involvement. Humans will ever desire to socialise because it is in our nature. Peoples want to be hear and taken earnestly because it makes them experience of import. By maintaining in touch with clients whether old or new it gives them a sense of belonging and tells a batch about the trade name and how it perceives its clients. Customers have different demand and desire, so it is of import to acquire the right information from them in other to run into their specific demand.

Online market cleavage helps divide clients into different classs so they can be easy reached. Assortment they say is the spice of life this is why it is of import that the right market is targeted.

The cyberspace is fast turning and along with it comes on-line shopping. The figure of people shopping online is continuously turning and more and more retail rivals are coming up. In other for any retail merchant to pull new visitants and maintain exist 1s. The online retail merchant has to come up with web site that gives it comparative advantage over others. That added value it provides, that added touch it gives that distinguishes it from others may the key to its success or failure.

The aroma store is a successful online retail merchant with a comparatively good web site harmonizing to the analysis of this study. But this can be improved upon in other to maximise its potency.

Harmonizing to Chaffy ( 2009 ) when measuring the success of a web site, the function of the cyberspace in pass oning with clients can be best considered from two positions.

  • Administration to Customers: How does the cyberspace aid the administration pass on its proposition for the company ‘s merchandise, service and stigmatization to its new and bing clients to assist it bring forth new leads and retain bing client.
  • Customers to Organisation: How can the cyberspace aid present client service to clients by incorporating email response and other web based service to better online trade name.

From the information collected in composing this study the countries I suggest need betterment or demand to be included are the lucidity of information on the site, the complication involved when doing orders, usage of societal web sites in its operations and incorporating online relationship selling into its web site.


Chaffy, D ( 2009 ) E-Business and E- Commerce Management: Scheme, execution and pattern, 4th edn. Financial Times Prentice Hall.

Chaffy, D and Wood, S. ( 2005 ) Business information direction. Bettering Performance Using Information Systems, Financial Times Prentice Hall.

Doole, I and Lowe, R ( 2008 ) International Marketing Strategy: Analysis, development and execution, 5th edn. South-Western.

Jevons, C and Gabbot, M. ( 2000 ) Trust trade name equity and trade name world in Internet concern relationships: an interdisciplinary attack. Journal of Marketing Management, 16, 619-34.

Turban, E. , Leidner, D. , McLean, E. and James, W. ( 2006 ) .Information Technology for Management: Transforming Organizations in the Digital Economy.6thEd. John Wiley Sons.

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