Public Awareness and Human Diseases University of Phoenix (Axia) Instructor Lauretta Nester By Crystal Blair July 05, 2010 Everywhere a person looks, and everywhere a person’s eye can see, there are people struggling with being overweight or obese. Every year more and more people are diagnosed as being overweight or obese. For a person to be overweight is very common and most people know someone who is experiencing it or is experiencing being overweight themselves. The lack of knowledge people must have on the severe risks a body undergoes from being overweight or obese is harmful.
More people should be educated on the foods they intake and the lack of exercise, and what all the harmful affects it has on the body. Obesity is a serious disease that can easily be avoided. Obesity can be fought by simply eating healthy and staying active. In America today, almost one person out of every three are considered to be obese http://www. mayoclinic. com. This statistic does not include how many people are overweight and heading towards obesity. This disease is one that can target anybody anywhere. Although becoming obese can happen to anyone, it seems to hit the hardest in lower income families.
In some cases there is genetic reasoning behind being obese. The main reason, or cause, that a person becomes obese is because the calorie intake consumed is greater than the body would burn on a normal day. The body stores the extra energy that it did not need to use, into fat. To put it in another way, food is energy for our bodies. If a person consumes 3500 Calories in a day and the body only needed to use 2000 calories of energy, it will be turned into fat that is stored in various places of the body. There are so many health risk factors associated with the disease obesity.
To name a few risk factors in association with obesity there is high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, sleep apnea, arthritis, and severe depression. A person who is obese is ten times more likely to develop diabetes. High levels of sugar in a diabetic’s blood damages tissues and can also cause liver damage. Cardiovascular trauma is likely in obese individuals. The heart has to work overtime to send blood to all the tissue which can lead to congestive heart failure. High cholesterol can lead to heart disease and hardening of the arteries.
Obesity also interferes with breathing and can cause sleep apnea, which is when a person suddenly stops breathing in the middle of the night. Arthritis is caused because the joints are not built to hold so much weight and they break down. Depression is a very common on amongst obese people. They have low self esteems and find it hard to meet new friends and try new things. The risk factors for the disease obesity can absolutely be controlled. The answer is to eat healthy in healthy portions and become more active on a daily basis. A person needs to make themselves get up and go do something active.
The couch and the television is an obese person’s worst enemy. It is very easy to sit in front of the television all day, getting no exercise, and simply eating out of boredom. This packs on the pounds, and it happens fast. It can sometimes be very difficult to know how to eat healthy. It does not have to be boring. Eat more fruits and vegetables and less fatty foods like potato chips and cookies. The next simple step is to do something active every day. It could be going for a walk or riding your bike, go for a swim in the pool. There are many activities to choose from so pick one that you like and have fun with it.