Research into Organizational structure and cultural management Essay

A undertaking ‘Importance of Organizational construction and cultural direction ‘is done by a group of pupils to carry through the demands of the class MSc in International Management and Information systems under the observation of coach Mr. Rob new wave Stratum. The study explains about the organisational construction, types of organisational construction, importance, impacts and factors that influence organisational construction. Analysiss of organisational civilization like cardinal dimensions, types of civilization, multiple civilization, and importance of civilization, impacts and factors that influence organisational civilization are included. In the undertaking undertaking, we analysed the instance survey of US Air and America West amalgamation instance.

The research method that we used in this study is qualitative method concentrating on different books such as undertaking direction, direction, research method, cultural direction books written by writers like ( Larson and F.Gray 5th edition 2010, Saunders and Lewis 5th edition 2009, David Boddy 4th edition 2008, Schermerhorn 2005, E.Pearlson and S.Saunders 2006, Hoecklin 1994 ) . We used secondary informations like articles, scientific diaries and web pages to analyze structural and cultural differences.

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The procedure of planing organisational construction, features of construction and types of organisational construction are explained in item. By doing comparing between the four types of organisational construction, we have shown the adaptability of different construction in different organisations. In organizational civilization analysis, we included the cardinal dimension of organizational civilization. To bespeak the external version, internal integrating, flexibleness and stableness, cultural features of an endeavor which influence the prospective of an organisation are explained. The impact of construction and civilization in organisational public presentation, in company amalgamation instance and factors that influence organisational construction and civilization are analysed in item.

Finally our Findingss and decisions are the effectual alliance of organisational dimensions and cardinal cultural dimensions for enhanced employee public presentation. Then the organisational construction should hold decently balanced between situational eventualities and organisational design for better public presentation. Then houses should see following a common organisational construction and civilization to hold a successful amalgamation procedure. Then holding a clear function and describing relationship to heighten the communicating and coordination among the units throughout the new organisation after the merge.


A undertaking ‘Importance of Organizational construction and cultural direction ‘ is taken by a group of pupils to carry through the demands of the class MSc in International Management and Information systems under the observation of coach Mr. Rob new wave Stratum. In the undertaking undertaking, we analysed the instance survey of US Air and America West amalgamation instance. The ground for taking this peculiar instance survey is that the two companies are from the same state with different construction and civilization and are still fighting to get the better of their jobs.

Culture is a corporate phenomenon that is approximately shared values and significances. In order to work with uncertainness in concern environment, it is of import for an organisation to understand the relationship between organisational construction and civilization. Organizational construction works within organisational construction. Effective alliance is needed between the two in order to accomplish organisational scheme and mission. It is hard to separate one from the other. Both are needed in an organisation to supply a clear model for executing undertakings in a consistent mode. For a successful company a strong connexion between organisational construction and civilization is really of import.

Forming is the procedure of set uping people and other resources to work together to carry through a end. Organizational construction is a system of undertakings, describing relationships, and communicating linkages. Culture is a corporate phenomenon that is approximately shared values and significances.

Strategic amalgamations are going critical constituents for today ‘s planetary concern scheme. Merger is a procedure of uniting two or more companies which are about the same size. The benefit of unifying companies is to make a new house with combined stockholder value transcending the amount of the values of the two companies through synergism. Failure of amalgamation procedure can be due to many grounds.The common causes for the failure in amalgamations are structural and cultural integrating of two different, competitory companies. Before houses consider amalgamation extended readying, a relationship of trust between negotiants and long period of post-merger consolidation is needed.

1.1. Research inquiries

What are the organisational designs and cardinal dimensions of civilization?

What are the factors that influence organisational construction and civilization?

What are the impacts of organisational construction and civilization on amalgamation Procedure?

1.2. Research aims
To depict the organisational designs and cardinal dimensions of civilization.

To place the factors that influence organisational construction and civilization.

To depict the impacts of organisational construction and civilization on amalgamation Procedure.

Research methodological analysis

Our squad has chosen qualitative analysis for the research because we had three months of clip which was really less clip to make quantitative analysis to subject our undertaking study. So we focused on different books and diaries based on different constructions and civilizations of organisations. We besides focused on different company amalgamations and their success and failure factors. We chose US Airways and America west amalgamation instance because the two companies were from same geographical locations but still had job with cultural difference after amalgamation. We limited our choice to books and articles that describe organisational constructions, civilizations and their impact on amalgamation instances. We analyzed books on undertaking direction, direction surveies, research methods and pull offing cultural differences. We used online web pages to analyse the instance survey of US air passages and American West merge. We used secondary informations which are books, scientific diaries and web pages.

3. Literature reappraisal and application
4. Organizational construction

The construction of an organisation is the sum sum of the ways in which it divides it ‘s labour into distinguishable undertakings and so achieves co-ordination among them ‘ ( Mintzberg, 1979 ) . Managers design the organisational construction to act upon employees to accomplish wider ends.

4.1. The organisational designs:

Organizational design is the procedure of making construction that will assist to accomplish the mission and aims of an organisation. The organisational design consists of 1.Organizational variables, 2.Control variables, and 3.Cultural variables.

Organizational variables:

The organisational variables are designed to accomplish organisational effectivity. They will assist the organisation to accomplish its ends without any confusion in a precise manner. The following are the of import organisational variables.

Decision rights: This Indicating who is holding the duty to O.K. an of import determination sing the concern and implement necessary engineering and control assorted types of determinations. It designs the proper allotment of determination rights.

Business procedures: The set of ordered undertakings needed to finish cardinal aims of the concern and includes 1 ) A beginning and an end,2 ) Inputs and outputs,3 ) A set of bomber processes that transform the inputs into out puts,4 ) A set of prosodies for mensurating effectivity.

Formal describing relationships: The formal coverage relationship reflects the flow of communicating and coordination among the units throughout the organisation. Effective communicating, coordination and cooperation among units in an organisation are basic necessities for growing of the organisation.

Informal webs: Sharing and reassigning cognition within different undertaking unites other than the formal coverage relationships are the cardinal factors for effectual map of the organisation. ( pearlson and saunders,1976 )

Control variables:

These are the tools which will assist the organisation to supervise, motivate and measure the public presentation of the organisation.

Datas: Roll uping information sing the advancement of all units, measuring and supplying feedback.

Planning: It is the procedures through which the desired strategic aims are achieved.

Performance measuring and rating: To better the quality of work a set of steps are used to acquire feedback about executing of programs and the procedures. This feedback is used to better the public presentation of the organisation.

Incentives: Incentives are actuating factors within an organisation which will assist to better the organisational public presentation. ( pearlson and saunders,1976 )

Cultural variables:
Set of values and beliefs about what is desirable and unwanted in a community of people.

Valuess: The set of mute and clear beliefs that underlines determinations made and actions taken, reflects aspirations about the manner things should be done. ( Pearlson and saunders, 1976 )

4.2. Identifying structural features

Every house should hold a strategic program which specifies the future way of the concern. The duties of the directors should be organized to accomplish the strategic program, for this the house should hold their organisational construction that identifies duties for each occupation place and relationships among those places. The organisational construction besides indicates how all the occupation duties fit together. The organisational construction affects the effectivity and efficiency with which the house produces its merchandise and therefore has an impact on the house ‘s value. When taking a construction that fits its concern ends, it is of import to understand different types of organisational constructions and compare them with each other. Reduce the disadvantages or negative impacts that the chosen construction might hold on the concern end.

Harmonizing to our analysis different houses use different organisational constructions which are influenced by specific features of its concern and can impact the house ‘s public presentation. Organizational constructions vary among houses harmonizing to:

Size of organisation

Strategic importance

Budget and clip restraints

4.3. Types of organisational construction

Organizational construction defines the manner work is divided, managed and synchronized. Organizational construction is formed harmonizing to the organisations size and scheme. Functional constructions, Divisional constructions and Matrix constructions are the traditional constructions. Team constructions and Network constructions are new waies in organisational constructions. The following are the of import types of organisational constructions. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

4.3.1. Functional organisational construction:

In a functional construction employees are grouped by directors harmonizing to their activities and profession or map for illustration like production, finance or selling. Functional construction is non merely used in concern but besides in Bankss and infirmaries. Functional construction is effectual in little organisations with less jobs and limited demand for alteration and invention. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

4.3.2. Divisional organisational construction:

A divisional construction group people together working on the same merchandise, in the same country, with similar clients. It is suits more in complex organisations with diverse operations with many merchandises, districts, clients, and work procedures. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

4.3.3. Matrix organisational construction:

The matrix construction combines functional and divisional constructions. It is more precise to utilize matrix construction in lasting cross-functional squads to back up specific merchandises and undertakings or plans. It is more utile in fabrication, service industries, professional Fieldss and non-profit-making sectors. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

4.3.4. Network organisational Structure

Network construction is a modern construction which includes the linking of legion, separate organisation construction to optimise their interaction in order to carry through a common, overall end, because it consists of multiple organisations that works together to bring forth merchandises and services. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

4.4. Comparison of organisational Structures

In each type of organisational construction there are fluctuations. Each one is alone in its ain manner. The adaptability of a peculiar construction depends on the necessity of the organisation. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

Functional organisation construction:
They work best in a stable environment like little organisations with less jobs and alteration.

Advantages of functional construction:
Economies of graduated table.

Undertaking assignments with proper preparation and counsel.

High-quality proficient job resolution.

Good accomplishment development within maps.

Clear calling waies within maps. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

Disadvantages of functional construction:
Troubles in bespeaking undertakings for things like cost control, merchandise or service quality, seasonableness, and invention.

Lack of communicating, coordination and job work outing across maps. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

Divisional Organization construction:
They work best in a complex organisation with many merchandises, districts, clients, and work procedures.

Advantages of divisional construction:
More flexibleness in reacting to situational alterations.

Improved coordination across functional sections.

Good duty for merchandise or service bringing.

Focused on specific clients, merchandises and parts. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

Disadvantages of divisional construction:
Reduces economic systems of graduated table.

Additions costs through the duplicate of resources and attempts across divisions.

Creates unhealthy competitions as divisions compete for resources and top direction attending. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

Matrix organisational construction:
The chief influence of matrix constructions to organisational public presentation lies with the cross- functional squads whose members work together to portion cognition and information in a timely mode to work out jobs.

Advantages of matrix construction:
Good coaction across maps.

Problem work outing takes topographic point at squad degree which will better determination devising.

Improved client service because there is ever several director informed and available to reply inquiries.

Better strategic direction, since top directors are free from un-necessary job work outing to concentrate on strategic issues. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

Disadvantages of matrix construction:
The two-boss system is capable to power battle.

It creates task confusion and struggle in work precedences.

Strong squad truenesss will do a loss of focal point on larger organisational ends. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

Network organisational construction:
A web organisational construction is seen as a more complicated and complex construction than any other construction. A web construction uses IT to associate with webs of outside providers and service contractors.

Advantages of web construction:
Quality and cost are the best advantages of web construction.

The originative usage of information engineering. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

Disadvantages of web construction:
More demand for new direction duties.

Network of contracts and confederations are more complicated to keep. ( Schermerhorn 2005 )

4.5. Importance of organisational construction

Effective organisational construction makes duty deputation easier and makes it easy to see the organisational alteration throughout the organisations. It is of import to recognize the advantage of organisational construction to profit from a strong model.

Organizational Chart: is a tool that represents employees work duties and describing relationships. With its coverage construction it shows the construction and hierarchy of employees of their division of work and degree of duties in the organisation.

Distribution of Authority: Organizational construction shows the authorization and duty distribution throughout an organisation. Employees will acquire consciousness of their higher-ups and subsidiaries.

Communication: Organizational construction makes communicating easy between employees in their responsibilities and this enhances information sharing and job resolution.

Chain of bid: the construction helps employee to cognize who is engaged in the determination devising procedure.

Proper Balancing: Structure helps specific undertaking and activities to be assigned in functional sections which provide a good coordination between sections.

Lorachester, 2010

4.6. Impact of organisational construction on merge

In the instance of amalgamation, two organisations are required to incorporate their organisational construction suitably. Inappropriate organisational construction can do failure in integrating between houses and cut down benefit of amalgamation. Ill-defined coverage construction has a great inclination to do amalgamation failure.

Reconstructing organisational construction may take some clip after a amalgamation and it may do uncertainness and anxiousness among employees. Therefore it is of import to declare the new organisational construction with clear functions and describing relationship of employees ( SS Brahma ) .

Good organisational construction facilitates communicating between persons or groups within the two organisations. Incompatible construction becomes obstruction for successful communicating and accomplishing the corporation end will go impossible.

4.7. Factors that influence organisational construction

The organisational construction can be influenced by different factors, such as the size of an organisation, the environment, engineering, efficiency of organisational design, etc.

The construction of an organisation should be developed in such a manner that endorses the scheme and program of direction. It is really important for directors to be cognizant of the factors which may hold an influence on the construction of an organisation.

Organizational Design aligns construction with situational Eventuality





Figure: A model for organisational design- aligning construction with situational eventualities
Stable Environment- Composed of certain and predictable environment. Desires of clients are good known and may stay changeless. Few alterations take topographic point in such sort of environment and organisations can execute good without frequent alteration. Bureaucratic organisation and mechanistic design tantrums in such environment. ( we need account )

Dynamic Environment- composed of unsure environment with less predictable elements. The desires of client are often altering. Organizations must be flexible. For such environment, adaptative organisations and organic design is equal.

Organizational construction should be designed in such a manner to suit its schemes. Different schemes need different construction. Organizations may necessitate to alter their schemes or mission for better public presentation and this leads to a alteration in organisational construction.

Stability oriented scheme – merely few alterations occur in the external environment, Bureaucratic organisations and mechanistic design is equal for such certain scheme.

Growth oriented Strategy – Strategies is likely to alter often. Fortunes are complex and unsure. The operation objectives focus on flexibleness of frequent alteration and invention. Plans changes on a regular basis and there is a demand for betterment.

Technology is the manner through which a peculiar undertaking is done utilizing cognition, accomplishment, equipment, techniques and human know-how. Advance in engineering cause frequent alteration in an organisation. A suited engineering consequences in high productiveness and lower cost for the house.

Technology is a major influence on organisational construction. The right combination of construction and engineering are critical to organisational success ( Joan Woodward 1960s ) .

Organizational size
As the size of an organisation become larger and older, the construction becomes more complicated. It is really hard to pull off big organisations without a formal organisational construction, whereas in really little organisations construction can be really simple. Employees can transport out their undertaking based on their demands, accomplishment and/or involvement. Undertakings can be performed without holding a formal work assignment and deputation of authorization.

In big organisations, the construction is more complex. Undertakings are extremely specialised and more degree of direction. Work process is dictated by regulations and schemes. Communication flow is from superior to subordinate.

5. Organizational civilization

“ Organizational civilization consists of the behaviour, actions, and values that people in an endeavor are expected to follow. “ ( Pettigrew, 1979 )

“ Organizational civilization is a set of values, frequently taken for granted, that aid people in an organisation understand which actions are considered acceptable and which are considered unacceptable. “ ( Moorhead & A ; Griffin, 1992 )

5.1. Cardinal dimensions of an organisational Culture:

Measuring cardinal dimensions of an organisational civilization provides a composite image of the organisation ‘s civilization. This will go the base for the feelings of shared apprehension of the members about the organisation, how things are done, and the manner the members are supposed to act. The following are the 10 cardinal dimensions of an organisational civilization.

Member individuality: The interpersonal relationship of the employees with the organisation to experience a critical portion of it. It depends on trueness of employees to the organisation.

Team accent: Organized group work instead than single work.

Management focal point: Identifying the effectual results of people within the organisation and taking them into history to do of import determinations.

Unit integrating: cooperation and coordination among the units.

Control: The extent to which regulations and policies used on employees to command their behaviour.

Hazard tolerance: The degree up to which the employees are encouraged to be advanced and hazard seeking.

Reward standards: A precise system which rewards publicity and salary addition harmonizing to employee public presentation instead than senior status, favouritism or other negligence factors.

Conflict tolerance: The grade to which the employees are encouraged to speak about the struggles openly.

Meanss versus end orientation: The extent to which the direction focuses on results instead than on techniques and procedures used to accomplish those consequences.

Open-system focal point: Monitoring the alterations in external environment. ( Larson and F.Gray 5th edition 2010 )

5.2. Identifying cultural features

“ Denison Organizational Culture Model ” , indicates the external version, internal integrating, flexibleness, stableness as cultural features of the endeavor which influences the prospective of organisation. These four ideal features would be reflected by four characteristics ( 1 ) engagement, ( 2 ) consistence, ( 3 ) adaptability and ( 4 ) mission.

Engagement: referred to the capacity of workers, ownership and duty. In the civilization characteristic reflects the company ‘s preparation for staff, the communicating between workers, the engagement of staff and the duty of workers.

Consistency: to mensurate whether the company has strong and cohesive internal civilization. It helps to place company ‘s set of cardinal value.

Adaptability: chiefly refer to capableness of accommodating the alteration from external environment or analysing whether they have ability to acknowledge the state of affairs of market and act rapidly.

Mission: is used to find the company is concentrating on immediate involvement or has long-run scheme and accurate tactics to near even bigger end.

5.3. The phases of cultural formation

As people become more civilised they develop and portion some common beliefs and values harmonizing to their geographical location which will steer their behaviour. The positive result of the beliefs and values makes them strong and will act upon on how people should work and associate to each other. The undermentioned figure will explicate about the phases of cultural formation. ( David Boddy 4th edition 2008 )

Shared values

Reinforcing Shared beliefs



Individual and

Group behaviour

5.4. Types of civilization:

Charles Handy ( 1993 ) generalized 4 civilization types.

Power civilization: is one in which people ‘s activities are strongly influenced by dominant cardinal figure.

Role civilization: is one in which people ‘s activities are strongly influenced by clear and elaborate occupation descriptions and other formal signals as to what is expected of them.

Task civilization: is one in which the focal point of activity is toward finishing a undertaking or undertaking utilizing whatever agencies are appropriate.

Person civilization: is one in which activity is strongly influenced by the wants of the persons who are portion of the organisation. ( David Boddy 4th edition 2008 )

5.5. Multiple civilizations

A cardinal concern in the civilization of any organisation is diverseness. The term multiculturalism refers to pluralism and regard for diverseness in the workplace. They value the endowments, thoughts, and originative potency of all members. Good features of multicultural organisations are,

Pluralism: Members of both alternate civilizations and bulk civilizations are of import in puting cardinal values and policies. The endowments, thoughts and originative thought from different civilizations are of import for an organisation to accomplish its ends.

Structural integrating: Members from multiple civilizations are given equal chance in all degrees and in all functional duties. The integrating of all degrees of employees, direction and all functional unites are of import for a successful co-ordinated advancement.

Absence of bias and favoritism: A proper counsel and undertaking force actions deal with the demand to extinguish culture-group struggles. Prejudice and favoritism will do difference among work force which will impact the work. So it is of import to extinguish the bias and favoritism. ( David Boddy 4th edition 2008 )

5.6. Culture and public presentation

We can reexamine the consequence of organisational civilization on employee behaviors and public presentation with some cardinal thoughts. The civilization of an organisation allows employee to understand both the history of the house and present methods of operation. This cognition provides counsel about expected hereafter behavior. The committedness of Organizational civilization to corporate doctrine and values generates shared feelings of working towards common ends. The organisational civilization, through its norms, serves as control mechanism to impart behavior towards desired behaviors and off from unsought behaviors. Finally, certain types of organisational civilizations may be related straight to greater effectivity and productiveness than others.

5.7. Importance of civilization in amalgamation procedure

The market universe today is confronting increasing competition, in such state of affairs administrations will wish merge to hold popular strategic tools come ining new markets and geting new engineerings. On the other manus, 80 % of amalgamations do non make their fiscal ends and 50 % of the amalgamations fail. ( Nahavandi and Malekzadeh 1993 ) It ‘s true that most amalgamations fail because of fiscal grounds or economic crisis, and direction every bit good, but we must critically look at the importance of civilization in the amalgamation procedure.

When two companies merged with different civilizations, it will hold greater effects on the administration. An illustration for this is amalgamation between US air and America West. The two air hoses had highly different administration civilizations. US Airways had an older work force with extremely structured bureaucratism, whereas America West had much younger work force with entrepreneurial civilization. For a successful amalgamation they must follow to a common civilization that will accommodate the company.

Cultural differences: When employees do non hold with the cultural version it will make job for the administration. This will impact their public presentation in the administration. Culture play an of import function in the manner employees will respond when they face new concern environment, in some state of affairs where amalgamation take topographic point. It ‘s hard for some to work with new members within a squad. To get the better of this job the organisations need to fix employees to accommodate to the new civilization.

5.8. Impact of organisation civilization on merge

Organization civilization is one of the most of import factors of success or failure of a company in amalgamation procedure. Culture will hold an tremendous impact on the manner a company operates today. The civilization does non go established until shared understanding achieves laterality in the corporate thought of the members of the organisation. The undermentioned points below illustrate some of import interrelatednesss that deeply affect the organisation civilization in amalgamation procedure.

Purpose and Goals:
The intent and ends of the organisation ab initio trigger the sort of civilization that laminitiss want to follow their replacements to see their vision. The extent to which they achieve this civilization depends every bit much on the others factors as on their ain leading

Organization policies:
The different regulations and policies followed by the organisations will make job after merge.

Organization construction:
The difference in organisational constructions besides causes serious job in the amalgamation procedure.

Employee accomplishments and attitudes:
The different accomplishment sets and attitudes of employees from both the meeting organisations besides cause some perturbation in amalgamation procedure.

Use of engineering:
The development of engineering and the manner it ‘s implemented will make an impact on the organisation civilization.

5.9. Factors that influence organisational civilization

The followers are the some of the of import factors that influence organisational civilization in a wide manner.

Change in direction
For an organisation, alteration direction means specifying and implementing actions and engineerings to cover with alterations in the concern environment and to gain from altering chances. Change direction is one of the chief factors that influence organisation civilization. Change might come in assorted signifiers within an organisation, such as technological alteration, alteration in direction staff every bit good as alteration in leading.

Employees are portion of an organisation, they will be unhappy if things are non traveling good in the organisation. In today competitory universe, it ‘s of import for organisation to make all they can to maintain their employee happy and motivated. Organizational civilization plays a critical function amongst employees. An organisation that has a good civilization ensures that its employees are satisfied with the installations it provides them. This means that taking equal attention of employees ensures organisational effectivity. This civilization besides enables employees to work in a comfy environment that is reflected in the overall efficiency of their work public presentation.

Geographic location
Geographic locations influence organisation civilization, in sense that when companies are located in a peculiar part, they largely adopt to the civilization of that country to thrive. Geographical location might change in bends of linguistic communication ; linguistic communication is a factor that greatly affects cultural stableness. When people from the same geographical location speak the same linguistic communication, civilization spreads easy. Since states see linguistic communication as an integrate portion of their civilizations. Religion is a strong maker of value ; different geographical location has different faiths, this affects organisation civilization in that peculiar part.

6. Case survey ( US Air and America West Merger Case )

US air passages and America West decided to amalgamation in September 2005. The chief aim for the amalgamation was to make better synergisms and to minimise cost through enhanced economic of graduated table. The merged company agreed to use the US Airway name as it is the good old company with strong trade name image. US Airway was an international air hose whereas American West was runing locally.

During the amalgamation, most of the direction squad came from the America west, including the Chief executive officer. American West was much immature company with less experience in runing big air hose. The direction squad failed to set its organisational construction and processes to suit the complexness involved in runing a big air hose.

The two air hoses had highly different organisational constructions and cultures.US Airways had an older work force with extremely structured bureaucratism, whereas America West had a much younger work force with an entrepreneurial civilization.

Most of the operational activities in the US Airway were outsourced ; and activities in America West were handled in house. Even after the amalgamation, the two companies decided to utilize the loanblend IT direction attack. SABRE and SHARES were the two information system used for US Air and America West. After the amalgamation, understanding was made between the two companies to exchange the US Airway information system ( SABRE ) to American West ( SHARES ) . Unfortunately, the integrating of the two systems was a failure.

The amalgamation was ab initio deemed a success and showed a way to other air hoses to follow. But the job started with in few months. After two and half old ages of amalgamation, US Airways failed to run as one air hose. ( E.Pearlson and S.Saunders 2006 )

6.2. The influence of organisational construction and civilization in amalgamation Procedure

The two meeting companies have two different organisational constructions which caused a failure of integrating between the two houses. The US Airways had a hierarchal organisational construction whereas America West had a level construction. Ill-defined function and coverage relationship is a barrier for successful communicating and caused integrating failure.

Because of different organisational civilization, the crew members and pilots failed to incorporate.

Difference in Strategy
American west were low just Full service and runing domestically whereas Us Air were runing internationally and because of this ground the scheme between the two companies were different.

Forming an effectual common scheme to pull off both the air hoses is really of import. The scheme should pull off the different constructions from both the companies step by measure to unify into one common construction.

Management Problem
The merged company wanted to utilize advantage of the strong US Air trade name image but

most of the direction came from the American West which has no sufficient experience in pull offing international air hose concern and that had created direction issues which are the cardinal factor for the failure of the amalgamation. Human resource alliance should be considered between the two houses before amalgamation.

Cultural differences
The big cultural differences caused many operational issues, such as delayed luggage, unexpected overtime disbursals, HR issues, incorrect disbursement scheme and rescheduling displacements and paths. In add-on, the cultural differences caused return of timing differences and the failure in crew integrating.

Technology Differences
The two air hoses had two different Information engineering direction attacks. The US air passage wants to outsource most of the operational activities whereas the American West handled most of its activities in house. Even after amalgamation the two houses agreed to utilize a loanblend IT attack and that caused a batch of complexness in the construction.

Both the organisations should analyse their common engineering demands and should get down be aftering for that before amalgamation. This can be done by following new engineering and giving proper preparation to the employees. This will cut down the hazard of engineering confusion.

6.3. Recommendations for the successful amalgamation organisational construction and civilization in US Air and America west amalgamation instance.

When two companies merge into one company, the scaling of people who work together will alter dramatically in order to accomplish new ends. This alteration includes recognizing and following the organisational civilization of each separate organisation. Valuess and traditions followed by one company may non be shared by the other. Fixing your work force for organisational alteration due to a amalgamation involves clearly set uping the intent, making a compelling vision statement, and get the better ofing opposition to alter by explicating why it is necessary.

Organization scheme
Proper planning for redesigning effectual organisational construction should be considered by set uping new organisational mission and aims. Then unite both the constructions with coaction and change overing them to one construction by continuing the best characteristics of both. Then set up prosodies to look into the efficiency of the new construction.

Human resource

Empower employees to alterations. Give some clip for the passage to happen. Employees need to be able to acquire rid of old patterns and to larn new patterns which may take clip to larn. Working with new people in new locations typically requires a period of accommodation. Directors should seek to cut down struggle amongst employees from the two companies by seeking an incorporate solution.

Adopting new engineering and giving proper preparation to the employees. This will cut down the hazard of engineering confusion.

Before system integrating, proper survey of system integrating complexness and resource demand should be studied.

Adopting one IT direction attack ( either outsourcing or in sourcing ) should be considered to cut down the complexness of organisational construction.

Business environment:
Check how the new organisational construction is working based on operational prosodies. For illustration, after six months, measure client satisfaction and do accommodations to concern procedures that impact clients consequently.

Cultural integrating:
Unifying companies should follow the same organisational civilization. Train people to set to new civilization. They have to accommodate to new ways in a new organisational construction. They need to develop the accomplishments and competency to make so. Train them to detect their ain new waies. Establish orientation plans to guarantee effectual integrating.

Effective Communication
Improve effectual cross cultural communicating like: Listening, message framing, and respond to Feedback.

7. Findingss and Decisions

To plan an organisational construction the basic dimensions are organisational variables, control variables and cultural variables. The effectual alliance of these three dimensions is really of import in planing the organisational construction. Organizational civilization besides plays an of import function in successful organisational construction. To acquire a composite image of organisational civilization the facets like member individuality, squad accent, direction focal point, unit integrating, hazard tolerance and wages standards are cardinal dimensions of an organisation. A proper alliance is necessary between these dimensions to heighten employee public presentation.

Environment, people, scheme, engineering and size of the organisation are the chief factor which influences the organisational construction. Directors should do a proper balance with situational eventualities when planing organisational construction.

Change direction, the cultural difference among employees and geographical locations are the cardinal factors which influences the organisational civilization. The bias and favoritism among employees will make batch of job in operational issues which in bend will impact the public presentation of the organisation. Employees in organisation should be made to understand the mission and end of the organisation. A civilization that enables the employees to portion the common end of an organisation should be implemented to hike public presentation and productiveness.

Effective strategic planning is necessary for planing proper organisational construction in amalgamation procedure to efficaciously accomplish organisational aims. Effective alliance of organisational construction and civilization should be deployed to accomplish organisational scheme and mission. The importance of organisational construction and civilization should be balanced in order to hold a clear construction to execute undertaking systematically in amalgamation instances. Having a clear function and describing relationship heighten the communicating and coordination among the units throughout the new organisation after the merge. For a successful amalgamation procedure, integrating of organisational construction and civilization is a important factor. Firms should see following a common organisational construction and civilization to hold a successful amalgamation procedure.


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