RE-ENGINEERING THE PROJECT PROCUREMENT PROCESS THROUGH CONCURRENT ENGINEERING C J ANUMBA Director of Research – Civil and Building Engineering, University of Loughborough England JOHN BOWRON Technical Manager – Consteel Technical Services – Saltburn – England ABSTRACT Over the last five years, many government-sponsored studies and initiatives have highlighted the need for changes aimed at improving the efficiency and competitiveness of the UK construction industry.
With clients demanding reduced costs, reduced project durations, and improved quality, an important aspect of the construction process that needs to be improved is project procurement. This paper examines the project procurement practices that are commonly used in the UK construction industry, and investigates the extent to which they meet the requirements of a Concurrent Engineering (CE) environment. The paper also reviews the successful implementation of Concurrent Engineering within manufacturing and discusses how their procurement processes have had to change to facilitate the adoption of concurrent engineering.
Where appropriate, comparisons are made with the construction industry. The potential for re-engineering the construction project procurement process through the adoption of CE principles is discussed and substantiated with the results of a recent industry survey into current practices in the construction industry. The paper employs the IDEF0 modelling technique to describe the procurement process in terms of its key components; allowing for the identification of inputs, outputs, mechanisms and constraints at each sub-stage.
It concludes that a new project procurement process based on CE principles is vital for the construction industry to improve its efficiency and competitiveness. Keywords: Concurrent engineering, construction, procurement, re-engineering BIBLIOGRAPHY Winner, R I, Pennel, J P, Bertrand, H E, Slusarczuk, M M G (1988) The role of Concurrent Engineering in Weapon Systems Acquisition. IDA Report R-388, Institute of Defence Analysis, Alexandra, Virginia, USA. Sanvido, V E (1990) An integrated Building Process Model. Technical Report No. of Research Sponsored by The National Science Foundation Grant No. DMC-8717485 – Computer Integrated Construction Research programme, Department of Architectural Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, USA. Latham , M (1994) Constructing the Team. Final report on Joint review of procurement and contractural arrangements in the UK construction industry. Syan, C S (1994) Introduction to Concurrent Engineering. Concurrent Engineering Concepts, Implementation and practice. Syan C S , Menon, U (Eds). Chapman and Hall, London.
Smith, N J et al (1995) Engineering Project Management. N J Smith (Ed), Blackwell Science Evbuomwan, N F O, Anumba C J (March 1996) Towards a concurrent engineering model for design and build projects. The Structural Engineer Volume 74 No. 5 pp 73 –78. Prasad, B (1997) Seven enabling principles of Concurrency and Simultaneity in Concurrent Engineering. Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Concurrent engineering in Construction, Anumba C J and Evbuomwan N F O (Eds) – Institution of Structural Engineers – London Egan, J Sir (1998) Rethinking Construction.
The report of the Construction Task Force to the Deputy Prime Minister on the scope for improving the quality and efficiency of UK construction. Department of Environment, Transport and Regions – London. Anumba, C J et al (1998) Integration of Product and process models as a keystone of Concurrent Engineering in Construction: the ProMICE project. Mc Dermott, P (1998) Strategic and emergent issues in construction procurement.
Procurement Systems – A guide to Best Practice in Construction Rowlinson S, McDermott P (Eds) International Council for Building Research studies and Documentation – E and F N Spon, London Rowlinson, S (1998) Selection Criteria. Procurement Systems – A guide to Best Practice in Construction Rowlinson S, McDermott P (Eds) International Council for Building Research studies and Documentation – E and F N Spon, London Bowron, J (1999) The procurement of construction projects. A survey of current views across the industry. Research Report, Department of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University.